The invention of the bow and arrow may rank in social impact with the invention of the bow had lost its importance as a hunting and war weapon. In the 's . Archer's reference guide. (recurve). Balbardie Archers Much has been written about archery down the years and there are many schools of. Mastering Compound Bows by James Park. Archery Anatomy by Ray Axford. Archery Australia Inc National Coaching program. Archery Australia Inc Advanced.
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In archery biomechanics is not new the principles have been around for centuries it is only Maximum effectiveness of the use of the archer's bone structure and muscles is gained when the forces to Archery. Archery Anatomy by Ray Axford. andPHYSICAL CONDITIONING. Contents. FITA Coaching Manual. Intermediate Level. I. Archery Anatomy. 1. General anatomy. To get a clear picture of what is. FITA Coach's Manual ARCHERY ANATOMY, WARM-UP, and PHYSICAL CONDITIONING Module Intermediate Level I. Archery Anatomy FITA Coaching Manual.
Jul 24, Bridget Fowkes rated it it was amazing Archery Anatomy is clear, concise, with each page of illustrations opposed by a page of written details. It was not written for the beginner to archery. Drawings were used rather than photographs as the author is aware that in photographs the archer can show bad habits, draw and loose. It is not necessary to have an understanding of anatomy. Archers in this country and abroad have used this book.
The bow shoulder should be pushed in toward the arrow, never rotate shoulder toward the arrow. The bow arm We can not have the elbow and shoulder joints in the line of force, if we did the string would need to travel down the middle of our arm As we can not have the line of force along the elbow and shoulder joints we then need to use muscles, so if we need to use muscles then we must use the least amount of muscle possible. The way we do this is to push the bow arm shoulder in toward the arrow as far as it will go.
But be aware of a common mistake many people make: that is to roll the shoulder toward the string. Never do this: the shoulder must be pushed toward the arrow.
To roll the arm requires the use of a number of muscles which will cause fatigue. You must also use some od f the smaller muscles in the shoulder to roll the shoulder which can long term lead to injury, the most common injury is to the rotor cuff, which is very painful and requires a long time to repair.
Advanced Shooting Technique Version 3 September Copyright Archery Australia September Page 25 Push bow shoulder toward arrow The shoulder has a lot of movement left to right so its easy to push the shoulder toward the arrow, but depending on body shape you may run out of clearance with the forearm and the string.
So learn how far you can push the shoulder in and still maintain bow arm clearance. If a person has their shoulder pushed in as far as possible toward the arrow the natural reaction is for the drawing shoulder to move back away from the body, this then gives a straight line between both shoulder joints, the bow arm elbow and bow wrist and requires minimum use of muscles.
If we were to draw a line between shoulder joints this line will point to the right of the target for a right hand archer. Hold this breath during the hold, expansion, aiming, release process, this will ensure you are relaxed, your lungs are not over expanded at full draw and you have achieved a natural state, hold the breath until the follow through. The spine should be straight and their head directly over their spine. It is common for archers to have shooting technique that transfers the majority of the body weight onto their heels.
This will cause the lower back to be arched backwards, causing a hollow back and moving the centre of balance behind the archer. Ideally the bodys centre of balance should be below the archers spine toward the front of their body.
By not standing upright and keeping the spine straight, long term this can cause injuries as well as affect the archers development. This is also called as the Chest Down technique; this is an excellent technique and not only helps to assist with stance but also assists to Bring the bow shoulder closer to the arrow at full draw Bring the drawing hand into a more vertical position without the need to force any rotation of the forearm and hand Assist with bringing the drawing elbow into alignment with the drawing hand and bow The Chest Down technique uses the abdominal muscles to pull the chest down to the hips.
Not to be confused with sucking the stomach in, rather, just flexing the abdominal muscles, this technique also helps to straighten the lower spine. Never bend forward at the waist thinking this is the Chest down technique. The lower spine should be straight; this should not be confused with standing straight. The spine has a natural curve as it comes from the upper body into the waist and then joins the hip.
This natural curve needs to be maintained throughout all phases of shooting. Top view Push bow shoulder toward arrow All key body joints are in line eliminating the need to unnecessary use of muscles. Ideally the drawing elbow should be in line with the arrow and pivot point of the bow, while the shoulder joints, drawing elbow and wrist joint are also in line. If not, this will result in the need to use excessive muscular effort to hold the bow at full draw, and will result in fatigue.
The best anchor position finds that the index finger of the drawing hand makes solid and full contact under the jaw from the second joint onwards to the palm area of the hand The string then makes solid contact with the chin and then lightly touches the tip of nose, this gives a positive anchor position but allows the arrow to move forward from the face without side ways face contact created by the natural flexing action of an arrow upon release.
It is common for a well tuned arrow to move as much as 15 mm into the face upon release as part of the natural flexing action Archers Paradox upon release.
An anchor position along the side of the face Side of Face Anchor although a popular method of achieving drawing elbow alignment, this position can result in excessive face contact with the string upon release which will create clearance and tuning problems. A good anchor should give you three contact points to keep a consistent anchor from shot to shot. Note The back of the hand should be flat, the knuckles must not be protruding outwards cupped hand.
The wrist and forearm should be straight and relaxed. It is natural for the drawing hand to be slightly rotated outwards away from the neck and not held totally vertically If the drawing hand is forced into a vertical position when at full draw this will cause un-necessary muscular tension in the wrist, forearm and shoulder and long term this may lead to shoulder and rotator cuff injury.
You should also avoid excessively twisting or rolling the drawing handed at full draw. Advanced Shooting Technique Version 3 September Copyright Archery Australia September Page 30 This will create inconsistent pressures on the fingers particularly on the bottom finger.
Excessive twisting or rolling of the drawing hand will also increase tension in the wrist, forearm and shoulder leading to possible long term injury. Excessive twisting of the drawing hand will also cause string torque and effect the way the arrow leaves the bow. As the peep sight is always the same location above the nocking point the angle of the archers head varies to enable the archer to see clearly through the peep sight at different distances, this means the hand position holding the release device against the side of the archers face varies at different distances.
Some top level archers have 2 bows one with the peep sight set for long distances and one with the peep sight set for short distances For the average archer it is best to set the peep sight up at an intermediate distance such as 40 meters. As you shoot longer distances the anchor moves lower and as you shoot shorter distances the anchor will move up the face.
Never us a kisser button and peep sight kisser combination, the kisser will force your head and anchor to remain in a stationary position and not move with the distances.
As your anchor moves from distance to distance it is not as critical using a compound bow to have an anchor with face contact points as with a recurve bow.
Ideally there should be little or no face contact with the string when at anchor; any face contact can interfere with the string upon release causing clearance problems with the arrow. Ideally the anchor position should be a relaxed and natural position without excessive twist or rotation of the hand. There may be a small amount of natural rotation of the hand but this must not be forced or excessive.
Advanced Shooting Technique Version 3 September Copyright Archery Australia September Page 31 Excessive rotation of the drawing hand requires the use of shoulder muscles usually the rotor cuff muscles which are easily fatigued and injured.
Hand Held Rotating action Release Device - Relaxed natural position, deep grip and with little string face contact with the string. Hand Held Thumb action Release Device Relaxed natural position, deep grip and with little face contact with the string, with a deep thumb location Wrist Type release Device Draw length too long resulting in poor anchor position and excess face contact with string.
Use of finger tip to activate release. Advanced Shooting Technique Version 3 September Copyright Archery Australia September Page 32 Hand Held Thumb action Release Device Displaying a shallow grip on the release device and excessive rotation hand resulting in increased tension in wrist and forearm, also a low elbow bring the elbow out of alignment with the arrow and bow Wrist Type Release Device Displaying excessive hand tension, hand not aligned with arrow and elbow, excessive tension in hand and wrist, release set up too long, requires finger tip to activate release.
Remember, the peep sight is your main reference point for the anchor; you should make contact with the side of your face or jaw with your hand but remember this position will vary between distances.
Some people also like to touch their nose with the string giving them a reference point this is not necessary or in some cases possible, particularly with short axle to axle bows.
These clearance problems can be caused by the arrow fletches usually making contact with the bow as it passes by, even only minor contact can create clearance problems. Advanced Shooting Technique Version 3 September Copyright Archery Australia September Page 33 To do this download from a chemist or supermarket a spray can of powder foot spray, spray the powder on the rear of the arrow and around the arrow rest and plunger, allow the powder to dry and shot a test arrow.
If there is any contact of the arrow, fletch or nock with the rest, plunger or riser you will see a strike mark. This may indicate the wrong size arrow or you may need to change the position of you fetches on the arrow as the arrow moves forward. The easiest way to do this is to rotate the nock of the arrow maybe a turn which changes the fletch position as the arrow passes the bow. But the most significant and most overlooked cause of clearance problems is string contact with the face and chest.
For a recurve archer a good anchor is achieved when the drawing hand is under the jaw and the string makes solid contact with the chin and the nose but we give little consideration to what effect string contact with the face may have upon release particularly if the archer has a Side of Face anchor.
By highlighting the primary power sources involved in the performance of the sport it enables coaches and archers alike to understand and perfect their skills in ways that use the natural movements This unique book looks for the first time at archery techniques from the point of view of the interrelationship between the anatomy of the human body and the anatomy of the bow.
By highlighting the primary power sources involved in the performance of the sport it enables coaches and archers alike to understand and perfect their skills in ways that use the natural movements of archer and bow in co-ordination. Previous books have emphasised, quite rightly, the importance of the right mental approach to the sport - concentration, determination, motivation and visualisation.
However, mental powers on their own are not enough to guarantee a good performance. Archery is a natural psychophysical motor skill that depends on efficient use of bones, joints, muscles and tendons. Archery Anatomy combines clear, accurate drawings and diagrams with explanatory text to provide a primer on the subject that is accessible even to those with no technological bias.
The book is not tied to any specific national or international rules; it can be used by archers throughout the world to gain an understanding of the bio-mechanics of the sport. Originating from the author's awareness that the basic problems of most archers stemmed from their ignorance of these aspects, it should make an invaluable contribution to the overall improvement of performance standards. Despite the important interrelationship in archery between the anatomy of the human body and the anatomy of the bow, no book on the subject has previously been published.
Detailed drawings combined with explanatory text explain how the skeleton and muscles should be used to improve performance in the most natural way, without artificial or strained movements.
The book will stimulate analysis and understanding of the sport and, since it is not tied to any national or international rules, it will be useful to archers throughout the world, regardless of what discipline is practised.
Coming at a time when sports science is becoming an essential qualification for all coaches, it is likely to be recognised as the standard work on the subject. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Original Title. Friend Reviews.
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Showing Rating details. Sort order. Jul 24, Bridget Fowkes rated it it was amazing. Archery Anatomy is clear, concise, with each page of illustrations opposed by a page of written details. It was not written for the beginner to archery. Drawings were used rather than photographs as the author is aware that in photographs the archer can show bad habits, draw and loose.
It is not necessary to have an understanding of anatomy. Archers in this country and abroad have used this book. I know a number of archers who have praised this book, which has only ever been published as a paper Archery Anatomy is clear, concise, with each page of illustrations opposed by a page of written details.
I know a number of archers who have praised this book, which has only ever been published as a paperback at the author's insistence, so it can be kept in the archer's or coaches tackle box. Archery's governing body GNAS, trading as Archery UK, website has a write up on this book in the development and coaching pages of the site.
Jul 09, Paulina added it. Okay, so no one is going to pick up this book when they sit in a cozy arm chair with a cup of coffee. This is not that sort of book, but if you're an archer it's just necessary. It explains in detail the archery form; the muscles, the movements, and how to minimize the stress on these parts. This book goes over every muscle and bone used in archery and goes on to explain the biomechanics of the sport.
The book is organized perfectly, a page of text is always paired with picture. A more visual le Okay, so no one is going to pick up this book when they sit in a cozy arm chair with a cup of coffee. A more visual learner like me really appreciated the diagrams. Like I said, not for every one, but if you are even remotely interested in getting into the sport this book is a must-have!! May 13, Karen rated it it was amazing Shelves: This book is fantastic.
The drawings are excellent, and the writing is clear and in easy-to-digest sections.
I will be using this as a reference constantly to improve my skill. Recommended for all archers! Jan 25, Diane rated it liked it.