The reasons for the disproportionately high burden of poverty in sub-Saharan In his book, Architects of Poverty, Moeletsi Mbeki argues in a. Read Online Architects of Poverty: Why African Capitalism Needs C pdf. Download and Read Free Online Architects of Poverty: Why African Capitalism Needs. seems to be what they want – sit on their arse and do nothing. Mbeki is the author of “Architects of Poverty: Why African Capitalism Needs Changing.”.
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Review of African Political Economy. To cite this article: Philani Moyo (): Architects of poverty: why African capitalism needs. changing, Review of African Political Economy, , Architects of Poverty: Why African Capitalism Needs Changing - Kindle edition by Moeletsi Mbeki. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC. Architects Of Poverty (PDF) 1 billion people in the world who are trapped in a cycle of grinding poverty, a disproportionate number live in sub-Saharan Africa.
Jun 18, Itai Gurira rated it it was amazing Lords of Poverty deals with those who manipulate the existing poverty in the so called third world into an instrument of acquiring masses of wealth, political and economical power for themselves and their organisations in countries they claim to be helping. Why is this so? Mbeki argues that the issue lies with political elites who are concerned with enriching themselves at the expense of the poor. He argues that capitalism in Africa - his main focus being on South Africa - is based on mercantile capitalism - and it needs to change. He opens up with a discussion on slavery and colonialism and the 'Scramble for Africa' Africa's history of been a breeding ground for the extrac Most of the 1 billion people who live in poverty are in sub-Saharan Africa. He opens up with a discussion on slavery and colonialism and the 'Scramble for Africa' Africa's history of been a breeding ground for the extraction and exploitation of raw material at cheap prices.
The first is the inheritance of what is retroactively called neo-colonial economic policies: His second is the effect of the cold war on the continent: This is all, of course, tempered with the rise of nationalism, not to mention the threat and action of physical violence and civil war that has contoured our fractious continent.
His arguments, though weighty and representing an obvious challenge to the status quo, are developed cleanly and simply. The book is accessible from the gambit of its first chapter to its satisfying conclusion, calling for a new kind of democracy in Africa.
This is one revolution that can be achieved by the combined efforts of Africans, in the East and the West. It is a great book. And curiously reassuring to its readers. Africa has critics who tell it like it is with grace and authority. As does Prof. Njabula Ndebele.
If this book could be made available to all believers of government WOW! Land ownership,enterpreneurship,fair trade in the world market,skills development of how people esply the unemployed youth,are some factors that can help us to be greater continent. Afrika is ours!! Beyond Practice As architects, we can have a significant role in improving the well-being of communities by being involved with nonprofit organizations.
We can raise public awareness of critical social and environmental issues. One may argue that we chose the field of architecture because we have a calling to take a role in influencing the built environment beyond our practice. An architectural education facilitates the development of critical thinking abilities, which can be applied to solving problems and addressing situations beyond design.
Our social responsibility is not limited to needs related to the built environment or environmental issues.
Our critical thinking abilities can also be valuable in designing an organization or setting strategic goals and implementation plans. Architects or not, most individuals can have a role that has social impact. You may choose to contribute where you have a direct and emotional connection, such as grassroots work volunteering at a shelter to feed the homeless.
Or you may choose to contribute indirectly by volunteering to serve on a committee to draft policies that help streamline the funding process for a homeless shelter.
While these examples engender dissimilar feelings of self-satisfaction and different short- and long-term outcomes, both are important and valuable. I was a member of a Chinese family that did not have a tradition of giving back outside of the church. So my first experience with volunteering was as an adult in the United States, serving Thanksgiving dinner to the homeless at the downtown Los Angeles Mission.
It was intimidating to walk through skid row among the homeless and the drug addicts to check in as a volunteer at the Mission. Once I was inside, I felt safer and was directed to a room for an orientation on how to serve dinner.
It was a sobering moment: I realized for the first time how much need there is in this world and how little I was doing.
Until that time, my involvement with nonprofits was with professional organizations, and it was more of a marketing strategy.
After that experience, I started expanding my volunteering services with other nonprofit boards such as the Design Professional Coalition, a nonprofit organization that provided pro bono design services for nonprofits or for communities in need; Art Share, which provides art education for at-risk youth in the greater Los Angeles area; and most recently, A Community of Friends, a nonprofit developer providing affordable housing for homeless people with special needs.
During my involvement, I grew in my knowledge of organizing programs, fundraising, public speaking, and collaborating with other nonprofit organizations. Each task helped me be more effective in working with nonprofits and in managing my own business. Whether we acknowledge it or not, most people give because what we get back makes us feel a sense of purpose about ourselves, our society, and our lives.
Architects and architectural firms have an enormous opportunity to use their expertise to help nonprofit organizations; in return, we can receive valuable insights about how to improve our management practice and even our design. Giving Gives Back Volunteering for nonprofit organizations, especially on the board of directors or in a committee, can give us insights into the challenges our clients face while managing and operating an organization.
There is no better way of learning to understand what those needs are than by being involved with a nonprofit organization. Nonprofits operate with the same challenges as regular businesses. In the current economic environment, nonprofits have become even more challenged financially as grants are more scarce, returns on investment of endowments are reduced, availability of tax credit financing are decreased, and monetary donations are diminished.
Throughout my years of serving on the boards of nonprofit organizations, I have been able to cross-pollinate business practices between the nonprofits and my own architectural practice. In managing nonprofits, we had to deal with fundraising and applying for grants or tax credits to sustain the organization. We also had to deal with strategies to reduce overhead and payroll costs, resolve conflicts related to human resources, collaborate with other organizations, and retool marketing and public relations campaigns … just like any other business.
In some instances I was able to introduce business strategies I have used in my own practice that were helpful to the nonprofit. In other cases, I was able to learn strategies from the nonprofits that I found useful in my practice.
In that context, Western Europe got a good deal - protected by American intolerance towards the threat of Communism, but itself threatened or savvy enough to maintain a generous welfare system, dissuading its citizens from entertaining any real Communist sympathies of their own.
Until , the returns on capital enjoy a comfortable lead over economic growth; from to , the period of the great wars, that relationship reverses.
This is wrong. Where Marx saw social relationships and class struggles, Piketty sees only economic categories: wealth and income. Italian Fascism was a sponsor of Modern architecture, as was Communism until Stalin.
The first intersection economic output exceeding the returns on capital just prior to the First World War clearly coincides with the emergence of the avant-garde, but the resonance even applies at a more subtle level within the 20th century itself.
From the early- to mids, for the first time in the 20th century, the lead of economic output over the returns on capital begins to diminish. And towards the end of the s, a different political wind begins to blow.
The conservative revolution first sweeps America and later Europe, forcing an agenda of economic liberalisation and the slashing of government spending. This period essentially and concurrently marks the end of an unfettered belief in the merits of modern architecture. After the demolition of Pruitt-Igoe, the confidence in the architectural profession is severely shaken. It is telling that the most noteworthy architectural manifesto of , the year of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the onset of an uncontested global rule of capitalism, is A Vision of Britain by Prince Charles.
The initiative to construct the city comes to reside increasingly with the private sector.
The very grain through which the city is constructed changes. Large interventions in the city, using public housing projects as the texture from which to compose a new, alternative urban fabric, become virtually impossible.
As part of a wholesale privatisation programme, public housing associations are privatised and home ownership takes a dramatic rise. Locked into an inescapable financial reality, they will have little alternative but to sympathise with the economic agenda of the right.