Click link bellow and free register to download ebook: THE DARK CHILD: THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN AFRICAN BOY BY CAMARA LAYE. DOWNLOAD. The African Child by Camara Laye. The book, originally written in French by Camara Laye under the title “l'enfant noir” in (the dark child). Camara. Laye. BORN. , Guinea,. Africa. Died in. Senegal at age NONFICTION SELECTION >> THE DARK CHILD by Camara Laye.
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Citations The Dark Child is Camara Laye's autobiography, tracing the development of his cultural and personal values as a young man coming of age within the Malinke tribe of Upper Guinea during the 's. No where in his autobiography do we see evidence of the primitive, dark, "uncivilized" culture of Africa as depicted in classic colonial works like Conrad's Heart of Darkness, but instead encounter a quiet, solid, emotionally-scaffolded narrative, in the context of sophisticated nonfiction that calmly relays milestones in the author's childhood and young adult experience. Both the supernatural realm and traditional Muslim religion are depicted as minor characters orchestrating Laye's evolution from young boy to "adult male" and provide a rich backstory to the narrative. One of the more poignant descriptions in the book occurs about midway through the biography, with Laye's tale of his tribal initiation into manhood by enduring the circumcision ritual during his earlier teen approximately years. He participates in a festival consisting of public and private ceremonies for "several days" and later a period of physical healing and recovery from the circumcision itself for over one month Laye , Laye spends his days of recovery lounging on a mat with the other young men, isolated from his family for the most part, allowed only to visit with his mother and father from a distance between the end of the ceremony and the day he is able to walk home comfortably Upon his return, he is moved to his own hut, separated from his mother and father though, "still within earshot" of the family hut, as his mother tartly reminds him
Deeply nostalgic, the book is an autobiography portraying a vision of Islamic and ancient African community in the pre colonial era, a time when tradition engendered mutual understanding and respect for all. Laye grows up in an environment where he is greatly loved.
Both his parents have something supernatural about them. His father is a Malinke by tribe, and a blacksmith who makes ornaments out of gold, inspired by the power of a black snake, which visits him in his dreams and daily life. His mother, too, has special powers.
One time, she is called to help a horse get back to its feet. As if by magic, the horse rises up after she says a few words to it. His mother is of another clan whose totem is the crocodile.
While people fear to fetch water from the river infested with crocodiles, she does so and none touches her. Laye grows up alternating homes between Tindican and Kouroussa.
The fear, excitement, anxiety and sadness culminate in the last vignette of the autobiography, with Laye crying as he goes to exit the plane, lightly placing his hand over the map in his left shirt pocket Dialogues The Dark Child fits well with a number of postcolonial works of literature, both within the continent of Africa and in the world at large.
Achebe's work is similar to Laye's in that we receive detailed accounts of family and tribal rituals, customs, and ceremonies through the stories the characters tell us. Laye's autobiographical narrative differs from Arrow of God for example, in that he renders the story from the first person point of view, and we receive only a picture of his experience growing up in Guinea, without an exploration into his immediate and extended family's perspective on life in Kouroussa.
The perspective Laye uses to track the story behind growing up in rural and later urban Guinea, is similar to I, Rigoberta Menchu where the Guatemalan woman tells her coming of age story in a similar way, though the motives for constructing each novel are vastly different. Menchu's book is more an autoethnography, and from the cultural examples she chooses to include, it acts more as resistance literature where she attempts to expose the heinous treatment of her people by the Guatemalan government, in hopes that the injustice suffered will not be continually repeated in future generations.
The Dark Child's motive is not so ominous as it chronicles the "ancient ritualistic society of the Malinke," in an attempt to keep this history alive and portray its role in giving shape to the consciousness of its sons Laye, back cover. Laye does not appear reluctant to tell his society's secrets as Menchu does, but instead shows them to readers through vivid, painstakingly detailed scenes like the complete sequence of the circumcision ritual He seems to want readers to understand the beauty and compassion behind his tribe's secrets, and speaks of his journey into manhood unabashedly.
The first person point of view invokes a comfortable intimacy to follow Laye as he guides us almost two decades of his life within and outside of the Malinke.
Achebe creates more distance between readers and the novel's characters through his use of the third person point of view, making it slightly more like a chronology than story at times. Achebe exposes several dimensions of African colonization, involving both the "native" and British colonizer's sides as contributors to a base plot.
The action takes place during the 's implementation of indirect rule, as it altered the social and political structures of the Ibo tribe in Nigeria, run by leaders like Achebe's Ezeulu. The motives and actions of the British officers controlling the Ibo's land, Captain Winterbottom and Tony Clark, are highlighted against the life we witness through the eyes of Ezeulu's family. This European vantage point of colonization does not surface as strongly in The Dark Child, but acts more as a back story to the action Laye takes to attend school, leave home, etc.
We can certainly speculate the role of the French colonizing Guinea, but actual French personas are not revealed. He seems somewhat unaware of the magnitude of the French influence until he leaves to attend school in the capital of Conakry.
There he finds a separation between "industrial" or "trade" schools like the one he attends, and "classic academics" of more affluent schools where economically well-off children are places. The divisive, controversial debate over whether their sons should attend European or missionary schools is a point of convergence between Arrow of God and The Dark Child. In Arrow of God, Ezeulu's son Edogo also leaves his immediate home to study at the Christian missionary school to be educated by the British Achebe, Laye's father too agrees to send him to Conakry and pushes him after secondary school to accept the scholarship to college in Paris.
Ezeulu sends his son off with feelings of hope and anxiety, knowing his "blessing" to attend the school has sent a strong political message to British colonizers. Laye's father experiences similar feelings, sending him away with a map- the best support he can offer from thousands of miles away.
Laye's decision to attend the Paris college is, in some ways, a political decision as well. By accepting the offer, he too sends a message of support for French values despite objections by his mother.
Edogo and Laye, as sons, each face similar struggles in becoming more educated see also the text, I, Rigoberta Menchu who also struggles with the ideology behind learning the Spanish language of her government, and attending school despite the wishes of her ancestors to help protect the culture of their tribes, yet also risk "selling out" the ancient traditions and values of their elders as they slowly embrace British and French educational ideals and approaches to life.
Laye's mother and Edogo's father each grieve silently, later overtly, as their anger out of the fear of losing their sons to another culture's way of life erupts into several heated verbal battles. These battles later take on more of a sad tone than that of anger, as each parent relinquishes control over their son, and allow them to operate independently, as their own chiefs, even if it means separation from their native society.
The theme or idea of education in each novel are also like that of a game, on the side of both European colonizers and native people in each region of Africa.