pdf. Kasparov Teaches Chess by Garry Kasparov. Pages Gary Kasparov delves into the tactics and strategy in the openings, middle and end game. Kasparov Teaches Chess (The Macmillan Chess Library) [Gary Kasparov] on tvnovellas.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A series of 24 chess lessons, . Kasparov vs Portisch, (E12) Queen's Indian, 35 moves, Lesson 3: Material Imbalance Tal vs Panno, (C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 57 moves,
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tvnovellas.info The Motivation Teaching to Learn, Learning to Teach Gary Kasparov - Kasparov Teaches Chess. series of 24 lessons introducing chess fans, in simple language, to openings, the most Gary Kasparov delves into the tactics and strategy in the. Openings. Gary Kasparov Kasparov Teaches Chess - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or read online for free. Gary Kasparov, the seven time world chess champion.
He shares what he will cover in this class, including concrete instruction for players at different levels. Garry offers elegant examples to show its power—and how to defend yourself from it. Through these positions, he shows how you can get the best out of your pieces—even the weak ones. In the endgame, it can create a decisive advantage—or save a game that appears hopeless. He shows the purity and creativity of the endgame—including drama, shouldering, and zugzwang. While it can seem slow and weak in the middlegame, an active king is vital in the endgame.
Well, almost as much as I do! I took chess lessons until I was 18 and Garry was my hero. His matches and approach changed how I thought about the game. The class will not only make you a better player, but a better decision maker.
MasterClass provides online classes from world-renowned instructors, making it possible for anyone to learn from the best. Each class offers a unique learning experience which includes video lessons from the instructor, interactive exercises, course materials, peer interaction, and more. All classes are available online for individual purchase at www. Each class offers a unique learning experience which includes video lessons, interactive exercises, a series of course materials, peer interaction, and more.
Garry Kasparov on Garry Kasparov: Part II is the second volume in a major three-volume series made unique by the fact that it records the greatest chess battles played by the greatest chessplayer of all-time. Kasparov's series of historical volumes have received great critical and public acclaim for their rigorous analysis and comprehensive detail regarding the developments in chess that occurred both on and off the board.
Part I of this series saw Kasparov emerging as a huge talent and eventually toppling his great rival Anatoly Karpov to gain the world title.
This period also saw Kasparov achieve spectacular results in both individual and team events. Kasparov won the board gold medal in three Olympiads Dubai , Thessaloniki and Manila During the late s and early s Kasparov emphasized his huge superiority over his rivals.
Despite generally adopting an uncompromising, double-edged attacking style he almost never lost. The games in this volume feature many masterpieces of controlled aggression played against the world's absolute best. The first two volumes in this series saw Kasparov emerging as a huge talent, toppling his great rival Anatoly Karpov and then defending the World Championship title on three occasions.
This third volume focuses on the final 12 years of Kasparov's career up until his retirement from full-time chess in It is essential for each side to pay attention to the central pawn formation and to try to maintain a pawn prepond- erance. It sometimes happens that only one pawn remains in the centre. This creates new problems, for instance, how to occupy an outpost in the centre which often permits the pieces to be used to advantage White has a strong hold on I and superiority to be gained the d5 square, since Black is over the opponent.
Petrosian-Kozma few moves. At the same time, Munich Black's weaknesses on the d-!: In itself it does piece. Black proved its extreme The game continued danger for White! I 11 Qf4 Axf3 1. If 12 AxD Qxf3 13? Ag4 uncomfortable. Axg4 and White resigns. Lesson 5: How to Gain Space Since chess is played on a by the c- and f-files, since the limited area of the 64 squares best positions for the pieces of the chessboard, the are situated there. At the stan of the game White and Black control the same space.
But as a rule any move in the open- ing pursues the idea of gain- ing control over a large number of squares, especially in the opponent's territory. Pawns, pressing the oppon- ent's pieces and giving their own pieces freedom to manoeuvre, play the main role in the seizure of space.
But the movement of pawns must necessarily be accompanied by the support of pieces, otherwise the army of pawns w i l l soon p e r i s h. With the support of further moves. In modern chess a reliable strategic method to combat such pawn chains is an immediate pawn counter- attack most often with the pieces' support with the aim of preventing the chain's further movement or at least to make use of it by pawn exchanges to open lines for one's own pieces. It is followed Under the protection of the by a pawn assault on the pawn trident d4-e5-f4 the opposing pawns with the aim White pieces have many of breaking the chain into squares for manoeuvring and separate sections, or, as chess can be easily relocated to any players say, 'islands'.
The area of the board. The great variation Fie begins a pawn strongest players of the time, attack on the king's flank.
His also tries to restrain White's pawns are to open the lines for p a w n c h a i n , but not the major pieces, and the successfully. For me this 9 h4! Unfortunately by the move Qc6 G.
White is the first to Black resigned in view of start acquiring space. I1 d4! Pfe3 If Axh6 18 g5! How ro Gain Space 23 Black. But not his white squared bishop. I t is defending important squares and has the greatest potential scope of his minor pieces. White decided to pursue the strategy of limiting the mobil- Limiting the opponent's ity of Black's pieces on the opportunities neither the king's flank, and to prepare a black bishop nor knight will b r e a k t h r o u g h on t h e reach g4 now is also a way of queenside.
Q f6 Qf8 21 Qh2 Wd7 13 c4! Qg6 22 a4 Wh3 14 d5 23 Wf3 Wd7 Black did not wish to open 24 as! Instead Black abandons Black. His further expansion territory marked out by the is evident to both players, but pawn trident c4-d5-e4. Black, virtually unable to Ad7 manoeuvre any reserves, can Black shouId have played 14 do nothing about it.
Qfs oeuvring on the queen's flank 25 Ad2 Hec8 by However White would retain all chances for victory. Now, however, the White offensive is deveioping quickly and exactly according to plan. The c7-square is the best In conclusion, value space, bridgehead for a White attack.
AxM possible. But do not be too 32 ab We7 greedy. Your far advanced 33 a3 Bd8 pawn chain could be halted The last opportunity for and destroyed, and your resistance was to impede the opponent's pieces could burst advance of the c-pawn by through the breaches formed, sacrificing rook for bishop - and then any result is possible. Lesson 6: Pawn Structures Though the pawns are the weakest pieces they often determine the progress of a game and its outcome. If one side has an advantage of two or three pawns, more often than not this advantage is sufficient to win.
The situation is more complex when the number of pawns is the same. Then the position evaluation 1 ads!! Now the d5- and e5-pawns Before the game starts the become the decisive factor.
Wc8 on their original squares. While advancing forward they support each other and restrict the mobility of the opponent's pieces. Experienced chess players often make material sacrifices in order to get a mobile, flexible line of pawns protecting each other, as in the following diagram.
Pfleger This can be It would be an error to queen done, for instance, by by 10 e8W since after A pawn chain. If Black pawns on link, in other words, to break c4, d5 and e6 were held not by the chain into seperate entities a bishop but by three pawns unable to protect each other.
The dynamic properties opposing parties try to restrict of the pawn line offer great the mobility of pawn lines in opportunities for a combinat- the early stages of the game ive game which can lead to Take this opening for interesting complications, example: On the 3 Qc3 Ab4 other hand, a stationary 4 e3 c5 , , blocked pawn chain often 5 Ad3 Qc6 makes for a slow and 6 Qf3 kxc3-k unspectacular development of 7 bc d6 , the game.
Despite the obstacle of the Black king, Wbite, playing correctly, can not only protect the pawn but can shepherd it through to promotion. But as soon as we move the White - After the obvious moves king, say, to the h-file, the Bd2 pawn becomes weak because it 2 Qa4 falls under an easy attack from miracles begin to happen on the Black king.
Uxb2 of the pawn formation include It turns out that the flaws of pawns doubted or trebled on the pawn structure lookat the the same file. Therefore it is B l a c k p a w n s may be very seldom that one puts compensated for by resource- them in an Indian file ful play. Black gives away his voluntarily. They are very rook for no obvious reason difficult to protect, particul- whatsoever. He6 d2 and a pawn queens. A surpr- isingly beautiful ending!
Even such classical endings can be critically explored. What happens if White plays 2 a4 tomeet Black, however, strikes with We will conclude our brief You will find a after 5 Qxc4 the c-pawn more detailed description of becomes a queen. Can it be the terms, rules and exceptions true that two piecesare unable mentioned in this lesson in to contain two 'crippled' chess manuals.
Experienced The deserted pawn which had not taken therook settles the exception to the rule. It is the ability to appreciate when exceptions are justified that to battle by a seemingly unreal a great degree makes chess so leap. Now 6 Pxc4 is followed beautiful and full of surprises. Lesson 7: Dynamism and Initiative The rules of chess are similar 1 e4 c5 to those of any other sport, - 2 Qi3 d6 and not only sport: In my 7 g5 Qfd7 opinion, dynamism is the 8 h4 strengthening of the positions Some results of the opening of one's pieces with each move are evident.
White has limited and the threatening of the the opponent's pieces on the opponent's pieces. To make king's flank to the back two the moves successful they have ranks with the knight on d7 to fall within the rules of the blocking the bishop on c8 and game and to be based on a even the queen, to some solid tactical foundation. A chess player with a Qc6 reputation as an energetic 9 3 a6 individual normally tries from 10 l e 2!
To illustrate the principles of active play let us analyse a game by the then world champion Ana toly Karpov. Dynamism and Initiative 31 This is a very interesting and active idea which leads to a balanced deployment of the pieces. Karpov places his queen on the e-file where it will not be in the way of the rook on d l and at the same time creates combinational threats. The queen does not obstruct the bishop on fl which is about to go to h3 with a latter Axe6.
As you can see, each White move is effective and Black tries to force the builds up pressure. He is logical in his 11 b5 advance but his strategy lacks The opponent's response is a solid base, and his pieces are of a forced nature. Black is poorly placed. How can White forced back and tries to find take advantage of these weak some remedy to prevent White points? It is, however, late in This is a most effective the game, and for this reason move as the bishop on d4 Black's latest move carries becomes powerful and the more despair than justfied White queen joins the fray, action.
Bg8 This move is very 16 ed Wc7 unpleasant for Black, as a 17 I f 6. As there is a threat bishops thus eliminating the of Ag4 White has no danger to c2. Black must try Pxh3 to -reduce White's attacking 21 Exh3 Hc8 potential.
Black is unable to stop from getting into play. PB 23 add3 Rook manoeuvresalong the third rank are among the champion's favourite tactics. In this case his move not only precedes the queen exchange but also serves the purpose of improving the co-ordination of the White pieces.
The co- ordination of the pieces is a very important factor which in effect determines the strength 20 Ah3 of a chess player. The ability to The desire to restrict the co-ordinate the moves of each opponent's counterplay is piece and of each pawn in such very typical of the world a way that they act together in champion's style.
White could a single plan and at the same have played 20 fe without any time protect each other is a risk of Zc8 because of 2 1 great art. Hh2 a5 22 Wxa6 Wxa6 23 Here again both rooks on bxa6. The pawn 27 Pxe3 xh4 duo d5, e5 , protected by its The counter-sacrifice We8 mate. T h i s s e e m s t h e best White's pawn wedge divides response. If A protected pawn which has penetrated deep into an opponent's position or a similarly established outpost will disorganise the opponent's forces and split them into two separated and weakened parts.
T h e s m a l l n u m b e r of The lack of co-ordination of remaining pieces only slightly the opponent's pieces is a improves Black's chances of result of the poor location of survival. Wb7 on the strength of the king's 39 b3 Ee6 defences. In this case the Black 40 Rgl! Therefore, try t o be energetic and then you will truly enjoy the benefits. Lesson 8: Avoiding Disaster in the Opening Having barely learned the battle and deploy troops basics of the game, every chess accordingly in order to player will notice that moves commit them in due time and in the opening, when almost in the most favourable all pieces are still on the board, sequence.
It is for this reason most often predetermine the that every player who directs course of the game and in the actions of his wooden some cases its outcome. More troops ought to know the often than not a chess player basics of the game in the who has mastered the basics opening.
This is a the history of chess and their result of a poor knowledge of analysis has helped develop all the theory of openings and a the nuances of opening lack of basic skills in playing strategy.
I will equipment of the troops but confine myself to describing also on the ability of the some general principles of the commanders to foresee the opening and how to avoid contours of the forthcoming disaster. It is for this reason The opening is won by the that e4 is stronger and more player who brings major pieces logical than e3. I want to stress into play faster. Let us take a simple The second White move 2 example.
The 3 wf3 kc5 experience of previous gener- 4 W x f l mate ations gives us the best proced- ure for advancing one's pieces - first the pawns advance to the centre, then the knights move in, followed by the bishops and only later the heavy pieces - the rooks and the queens.
In our case the bishop jumped out to a powerful position without regard to a possible response from Black Nevertheless, the locations on d3, e2, b5 or b3. Chess is a game of logic and The first move is poor.
We a combination of a timid 1 e3 have stated in one of our and an aggressive 2 Pc4 is previous lessons how important illogical and for this reason it is to occupy the centre of the should be punished.
Black board with one's pawns. This replied with It is true that real threat from the opponent. Q c 6 accords with the You can see how much can be of rapid develop- discovered during a careful ment of the pieces but it does analysis of a very brief game create problems for White full of mutual errors.
Morphy ered it. Had Black reacted New York correctly with Furthermore, by 2 f4 occupying 0, the queen This old and romantic robbed his king's knight of a opening, which has acquired a good square for its actions and beautiful name 'The King's the latter has no choice but to Gambit', often resolves the occupy a passive position on outcome of the battle by a e2 or move to h3, thus staying rapid advance of pieces.
The most powerful the best defence here is a chess piece, the queen, should counterattack. And this was not move into the fray hastily, clearly demonstrated by the otherwise the opponent's talented American chess minor pieces might pursue it player Paul Morphy.
As for 2. Black's The fact is that Black h a v e good prospective has not taken into account a squares. Still having a 8 Ae2 9 Ad2 Qxd2 10 material advantage, White Oxd2 Ag4, it is not easy for allows the opponent to White to activate his pieces.
It seems that after 12 particular move is destructive dc?! It was preferable to White. And this is indeed what back and forth in his camp, happens. The threats on the e- feeling the approach of file have forced White to disaster. Now those who want to develop another minor combination their attacking skills to put follows which transforms the aside this book and to try to vertical pin into a more find independently Black's hazardous, diagonal one.
Lesson 9: Neglecting Opening Principles In our last lesson we learned which occurs up in the old and that domination in the centre very romantic Italian game: Modern methods of defence are those protected by struggle in the opening, based the king alone. In the initial on the experience of past position these points are the f2 generations, do not favour and fl-pawns; after kingside Black's next moves, but one castling they are the h2, g2, h7 has to bear in mind that this and g7-pawns.
Protection of was how the game was played these squares is of foremost one hundred years ago when concern. Experience shows nobody cast doubt on the that, as a rule, it is on these principle 'any sacrifice must squares that disasters occur in be taken'.
Qxe4 opening systems. Neglecting Opening Principles 41 l x d 5 Black has taken two enemy pawns but lags behind in development. The punishment for such violations of opening rules usually follows very This is the hour of reckon- swiftly and savagely. The old ing for ignoring development analysis is a good illustration and devouring pawns in the of the disastrous consequen- opening. By the way,it was on ces of 'greed' in the opening. You should not think, Black is lost no matter how he however, that this experience defends.
For instance, In master practice, material as possible and loses there are games when both his last chance to get his king kings remain in the very centre out of the centre.
And the of action and survive, but this chance was there: However, to understanding of the situation prove the unsoundness of and on defensive skills. Black's strategy in the opening Beginners and those with White had to play very insufflcitnt experience should resourcefully and vigorously.
By remaining in the After BIack's position to the very centre of the board would have been hopeless.
The first strike is delivered on the most vulnerable point.
Lebedev The entirely sound idea of strengthening the advance post in the centre e5 is brought about in a somewhat fanciful manner whereby the bishop on c8 gets blocked. Ae7 Black, may be countered in only one , ' planning to move his knight to way, as all other variations faif f6, loses time trying to prevent to save him, for example, For himself out with a rook.
The White over. There is no way to queen ends up in a trap and is contain White's kingside doomed to perish. But chess is , pawns supported by the a game of logic and it is very queen. As a confirmation of the above thesis I would like to offer for independent analysis by the readers an elegant and very instructive game played some years ago. Now the situation is quite clear. Black's bishop is M. Chigorin-S,Alapin doomed, as Ab4 or Petersburg Aa5 is followed by 22 Wd4! Axc3 After The Aim of the Opening Our two previous lessons were without crowding your pieces.
Having N o matter what the seen how not to play the opening, the best moves for opening, let us now try to b o t h sides a r e a l w a y s figure out what it is we should subordinate to one goal - the do to get a good position from fight for the centre. White, the very outset. Take First Principle was given for the first few moves from two the opening battle.
The of the most complex systems principle defines the most in modern theory, the Ruy important development fact- Lopez 1 e4 e5 2 Qf3 Qc6 3 ors which hold true, no matter Ab5 how the opening develops. One must remember that the pieces are brought out so as to achieve a definite advantage in the middle game, which is when the main events will take place. This frequently start off. Both sides is only natural, since have seemingly tried to keep domination in the centre pace in development, but meaning not just that pawns White has clearly managed to occupy the centre squares, but develop to a greater extent.
He that these are controlled by has a powerful pawn centre pieces allows for creation of a and his pieces have room io strong-point from which to manoeuvre. Of course, Black's operate in the middle game. I example. We are not concerned here 1 e4 e5 with recommending a n y 2 f4 ac6 specific kind of opening, but 3 Qf3 ef considering the tremendous 4 d4 d6 popularity of the King's 5 Ax14 Qf6 Gambit amongst inexper- 6 Qc3 Ae7 ienced players, we might start 7 Ae2 ,. Botvinnik Nottingham 1 d4 Qf6 2 Qf3 b6 3 e3 Black has gained a pawn In essence, W h i t e is here which he can safely hold, declining to fight actively for and, at the same time has not the centre.
Attempts t o neglected development. An instructive moment. White, carried away with developing his own pieces, This attempt at counter- does not consider Black's attack conceals many dangers problems and misses the move for both sides and demands a 9 d5! White would then have had a free game and could have looked confidently to the future. Black would be forced to Xc8 reconcile himself to the Now the exchange cd is no existence of the White pawn longer possible.
We must bluntly say that this is a move of the 'wait and see' variety. The bishop on e3 is placed most awkwardly, as it hampers White's pieces and.
From his previous play, central knight. It has now! White should logically have become obvious that White is i continued with Ab2 and We2, in serious trouble. First of all, and then, depending o n what Black prevails in the centre. We may recall that all this'could have been avoided had White merely placed his bishop on b2 - the most natural spot for it in the present position!
This example is a vivid illustration of how the inappropriate placing of a single piece can affect the solidity of the entire position. The game is over. The e5 White tries to control the e5 pawn will go, and Black's square too late and at the powerful central pawns, wrong moment!
It would supported by two long-range have been wiser to switch to bishops, will soon force White defence and try to simplify the to resign. A final finesse - the bishop The game finished: He cannot defend against War and It gradually becomes to demand a great degree of clear that White has no game insight into the position from plan at all and is merely our readers.
But I think this concerned with 'development' critical comment by an ex- One could perhaps have got world champion may be taken away with such play at the as a chess axiom valid for turn of the century, but anyone who plays chess. Choice of Opening Having studied the previous ment on As you can see, lessons, you have set up your White's aims are straight pieces and are thinking over forward and clear-cut, and it is the first move.
Don't be in a natural that all openings hurry to read an opening starting with 1 e4 are referred manual - it will only lead you to as 'open' or 'semi-open'. Let's try to make a So, White has played 1 e First of all, Which is the best reply for remember that there is no such Black? There are several reaction is undoubtedly the moves corresponding to the symmetrical reply with the principles of development in Black king's pawn.
I would suggest starting the game with the advance of one The King's Gambit: Before f4 ef 3 Qf3 d5 4 d4. This becoming a grandmaster I splendid opening has dropped liked starting the game with 1 out of major tournament e4! This move reminded me of practice mostly due to the chivalrous gallantry and a counter-gambit ideas enabling readiness to engage in open Black to fight successfully for combat.
The White pawn on initiative by playing Choice of Opening 53 possibilities. The attempts by means of sacrifices playing 4 b4 Axb4 5 c3 l c 5 6 d4 or 4 c3 Qf6 5 d4 ed 6 Another attempt to remove the pawn from the centre - 2 d4 ed 3 l x d 4 - has found very few supporters.
As a result of the White queen's walk The Giuoco Piano. The idea is to The Ruy Lopez, 2 a13 Q c6 3 seize the centre and attack the Ab5, is the epitome of open fcl-square.
This is one of the games. Thebestgrandmasters t h e f a m o u s Marshall's regard the ability to play Ruy Counter-attack The 8 c3 d5!? Qb8 10 6d4b57Ab3d58dele6 , d4.
Those who like scrupulous work at the chessboard and who can patiently bide their time would do well to study one of these openings. To play them well and in the centre, have evolved. In efficiently, one must have a the Nmzo-lndran Defence 1 certain understanding of d4 Qf6 2 c4 e6 3 Qc3 l b 4 positlon and some experience. Analogous to 1 e4, the most fundamental reply to 1 d4 is In the King's Indian Defence 1 d4 Qf6 2 c4 g6 3 8 c 3 Ag7 4 e4 d6 short outline of the basicchess openings.
They reflect all that Qxd5 5 e4 might be of importance in Black permits White to build tournament practice, in other up a powerful pawn centre and words, the basic laws of then embarks o n an opening strategy. We have undermining strategy. The Art of Planning Before embarking on an real conditions for mating the activity, almost every person, opponent's king.
The mate is in order to achieve his object, the ultimate and most desired contemplates what operations object of the game, and 'play he will have to perform and for mate from the first move' is figures out the best sequence a wish to satisfy this desire. Firstly, you develop your I firmlybelieve that chess is, pieces according to a certain to a certain extent, a model of pattern to achieve some life, and therefore planning is superiority in a certain area of an essential feature of this the chessboard.
Then you increase your What is planning in a chess pressure in order to obtain game? It is a well-considered concrete positional o r order of operations aimed at material advantages in the achieving a definite and middlegame. Some amateur may say play in a free-wheeling fashion '1 w a n t t o checkmate, either; he also plays according therefore I play for a mate to a plan, taking into account from the very start.
So I play alI dangers, threats and according to a plan. In the trying above all to get rid of initial position there are no the weaknesses. Therefore, it is important to be able to analyse the fighting formations of both sides and to understand all the subtleties of the position. The ability to build up a plan and to carry it out consistently on the board is one of the most attractive aspects of chess; sometimes it is more gratifying than, say, a direct attack on the enemy's king.
And if you remember that quite often chess players camouflage their This is one of the oldest intentions by employing variations of the Ruy Lopez.
Serious and continuing c2-c3 and d2-d4 small mistakes are inevitable. Black ordinarily tries to learn from your mistakes than hold the outpost on e5 by to do without any plan playing Qg8-e7-g6 followed whatsoever. It is also possible to To illustrate this, let us build up another defensive consider t h e following formation: Both sides seem to be ready for slow positional man- A.
Bondarevsky oeuvring. Suddenly Black Moscow makes an impulsive anti- positional move. Ad7 Energetic actions in the 12 Was!
The loss of centre. White's 6th move is a a tempo is more than good example of timely compensated by the disham- correction of the previously ony of Black's pieces. Another positional concess- i ion. Labouring under the illusion that the advantage of two bishops permits him to open up the centre, Black, still conspicuously underdevelop- ed, makes serious concessions in the centre. This position king.
The quickest way is to clear the field in the centre. WfS of the pawn to c3, and this After However, the weakness of the squares in Black's camp turns out to be a decisive factor. We8 I - In addition to the extra pawn which can be exploited only in the ending, Black's chief advantage lies in the control of a number of squares in the centre: White has his counter- chances: How many similar positions, White's knights have as a result of superficial play, immediate exchange of one have ended in the draw!
But smithereens. The final stage of Smyslov is a great expert on White's plan is to obtain a such endgames. His winning decisive material advantage.
The and soon Black resigned. To prevent this, White's rook must Now that White's pieces concede the d-file to Black's have to defend the e4-pawn, i rook. Black's king comes into play, 24M2 h5 heading for g4. Originally, the route of White resigned Black's king was g7-g6-g5-g4 provided the rooks were What is the best method of preserved.
However, White planning a chess game? Forcing Continuations For most enthusiasts chess is Therefore those who want to a game sparkling succeed in chess should realise with impetuous attacks and that combinative and posit- combinational fireworks. Forming a deep and masters, problems and efficient 'correct' plan studies.
And o n l y upon requires as much imagination plunging seriously into the and versatility as calculating intricacies of the game do they an intricate chess combinat- realize that the opportunities ion. If the idea of a for effective attacks and combination has been found, combinations are not, as a then the calculation of the rule, spontaneous, but they moves is a matter of time and result from positional play t e c h n i q u e. T h e moves based on the observance of the frequently assume a forced laws of chess strategy.
The concrete first official world champion calculation of variations often Wilhelm Steinitz was the first gives away to semi-abstract to formulate the basic laws of speculations and assumptions positional play strategy. He about the likely resultant showed that a plan cannot be positions. The ability to play inspired by t h e player' 'according to the position', or imagination.
It should rely on 'positionally', is important in something concrete hidden in complex a n d a b s t r a c t the position on the chessboard situations when the target of at a particular moment. He the attack is not yet clear and demonstrated t h a t each one has to manoeuvre in order position on the chessboard is to consolidate one's pieces and characterised by various discover a weak point in the factors, favourable or enemy camp.