She Stoops to Conquer is a comedy written by Oliver Goldsmith, an Irish Author remembered for his novels, plays and poems such as The Deserted Village, The . Oliver Goldsmith was born into a lower a stage comedy, She Stoops to. Conquer. By reputation, Goldsmith was brilliant but insecure, and well-meaning and. R She Stoops to Conquer. Directed by Martha Henry, he Stratford Festival, Avon heatre, Stratford, ON, May October 10, S he Stoops to Conquer.
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She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as tvnovellas.info: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people. The Project Gutenberg EBook of She Stoops to Conquer, by Oliver Goldsmith This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no. Comedy. Adapted by Aurand Harris. From the play by. Oliver Goldsmith. Cast: 6m ., 3w., 1 either gender. Kate. “stoops” to pretending that she is a country servant.
Hardcastle complains to her husband that they never leave their rural home to see the new things happening in the city. Hardcastle says he loves everything old, including his old wife. Tony enters on his way to a pub, and his mother follows him offstage, begging him to stay and spend time with them. He remarks on her fashionable clothing, which he dislikes. Kate reminds him of their deal: she wears what she likes in the morning and dresses in the old-fashioned style he prefers at night. Hardcastle says Marlow has a reputation for being handsome, intelligent and very modest.
Synopsis of the Play 6. Oliver Goldsmith A classic comedy of manners, She Stoops to Conquer has delighted audiences for over two centuries. First performed in , the play is a rumbustious story about two young men, Charles Marlow and George Hastings and their attempts to court Kate Hardcastle and her friend Constance Neville. A number of delightful deceits, clever schemes, comic ruses and hilarious turns of plot must be played out if the two pending marriages are to conclude happily.
Along the way, there is an abundance of merry mix-ups, bawdy dialogue, much sly satire of the times and one of the great characters of the stage, Tony Lumpkin. She Stoops to Conquer is an hilarious comedy of errors; the marvellous humour and humanity of Goldsmith's play have made it one of the most read, performed and studied of all English comedies. Leading the cast is one of the country's most accomplished comedy actresses.
Lisa Goddard came to public attention in the hugely successful series, Take Three Girls. This pack contains information relating to the play and ideas for further exploration of the themes. We hope you find it useful. Hardcastle bickering. Hardcastle teases his wife about her age and her son, Tony Lumpkin, whom she had with her first husband. Tony is a mischievous man, with a love for drink and trickery, but not much else.
Hardcastle is quite determined that her spoiled and rather stupid son shall marry her niece, Constance Neville. If they marry she will be able to keep in the family Miss Neville's fortune - a casket of valuable jewels.
Miss Neville and Tony Lumpkin, however, can only agree on one thing; their hatred of each other. Miss Neville is secretly pledged to another young man, Mr. Hastings, who is friends with Mr. Marlow, the son of Mr.
Hardcastle wants Marlow to marry his charming daughter Kate, but Marlow suffers from extreme anxiety when in the presence of young ladies of equal social standing and is barely able to speak. He suffers no such fear when in the presence of women of lower status, however, and successfully flirts with bar maids, servants and the like. The Hardcastle family are expecting the arrival of Marlow and his friend, Hastings.
He tells the men that they are so lost that they must spend the night at a local inn and directs them to the Hardcastle house which he highly recommends if they will excuse the eccentricities of the owner and his family. Neither young Marlow nor Squire Hardcastle senses that both are victims of a hoax and duly make their way to the Hardcastle house, believing it to be an inn.
When they arrive, they treat Hardcastle as the innkeeper while the squire knowing who they are is much incensed at the bold and impudent behaviour of his friend's son. Young Hastings, as soon as he sees Constance, puts two and two together. Constance and Hastings agree to keep Marlow in ignorance and pretend that Constance and Kate, completely by coincidence, happen to be stopping the night at the inn. When introduced to Kate, Marlow can find little to say and stumbles through a half conversation.
In his embarrassment he never once looks at her face. It is not surprising, therefore, that later in the evening when he sees her going about the house in the plain house dress her father insists on, he takes her for the bar maid. She encourages the deception in order to find out if he is really as witless as he seems.
In her bar maid's guise she is pleasantly surprised to find him not dumb but, indeed, possessed of a graceful and ready wit. When she reveals herself as a well born but poor relation of the Hardcastle family he acknowledges his love for her. Kate, however, claims that he has declared his love for her. Dressed in her plain clothes, Marlow thinking her the bar maid makes no secret of his feelings for her and all is revealed. Whilst all this is going on, Miss Neville and Hastings are plotting to elope.
Tony is only to happy to help, since the disappearance of Constance will put an end to his mothers meddling in his love life. All does not go according to plan though.
Having successfully retrieved the jewels from his mother, Tony Lumpkin gives the jewels to Hastings, who sends them to Marlow for safe keeping. Marlow not understanding the significance of the casket then gives the jewels to a servant to stow away securely.
The jewels end up back with their keeper, Mrs. In the end, Hastings and Miss Neville are forced to come clean and declare their love. Hardcastle then reveals that he is already of age, a fact that Mrs. Hardcastle has been keeping from him, and the play ends with two sets of lovers rightfully betrothed to one another.
He is very fond of his daughter Kate and is keen for her to marry Marlow.
Hardcastle is a somewhat ridiculous character who enjoys meddling in the affairs of others. Desperate to marry off her son to her niece, in order to keep the family jewels, she is selfish and foolish. Hardcastle from her previous marriage. Fond of drinking and making mischief, Lumpkin amuses himself by causing havoc for others. Hardcastle wants her to marry her cousin Tony Lumpkin.
In the end, Constance wins. Hardcastle, Sir Charles is as keen as his friend for his son and Kate to be married. Marlow is struck dumb when in the company of ladies of social standing. Hardcastle who wants Constance to marry her son Tony. The class that a person belonged to was decided by their wealth, the upper classes were the richest whilst the lower classes were the poorest.
The middle and upper classes enjoyed the finest food, liquor and fashion available while the lower classes struggled to survive.
Smallpox was one of the most common illnesses. During the eighteenth century it killed an estimated 60 million Europeans.
A contagious disease, it was easily passed from person to person in cramped houses and streets. When a sick person from the lower class went to hospital to seek medical help, they were often met with prejudice and ignored in favour or patients with higher social standing. They would often go hungry and in very low times bread was all they could get their hands on to eat. In the cities the poor people lived on the streets or in small, dirty houses with many children sharing a bed.
In the countryside, farmers and their families were forced to share shelters with their livestock. Their homes were often made of soil, dirt or pieces of wood lashed together. Amongst the poor however, women too sought employment. Generally though, women were kept busy with the housework and other jobs - cooking, brewing ale, knitting, washing, teaching their young, gardening and making butter.
Some women chose to set up shops in the market and sell different products. This helped the income a lot in the lower class families. In the countryside, men were employed in physical work on farms — ploughing, planting and harvesting. The likelihood of a school staying open was greatly increased if the school was attended by children from wealthy families.
In this way, education was only readily available to those who could afford it and the poor, unable to become educated and increase their chances of a better working life, were kept at the bottom of the social classes.
University was only open to men. The women of the upper class wore nothing but the best material and the finest crafted outfits.
First they put on their linen shirts. When Hastings is left alone, Constance enters.
She promises to run away with him once she has the jewels. Marlow returns, complaining that Hardcastle will not leave him alone. Hastings tells Marlow that by coincidence, Constance and her cousin Kate are both at this inn. Marlow freezes in anxiety. He ends the conversation abruptly and rushes off. Tony and Constance enter, followed by Hastings and Mrs. Constance makes a show of flirting with Tony for Mrs.
Hardcastle, while he tries to repel her advances. Hastings chats with Mrs. Hardcastle, points out Constance and Tony, saying that they are betrothed.
Tony objects to this loudly. Hastings tells Mrs. Hardcastle that he will try to talk some sense into Tony, and Constance and Mrs. Hardcastle exit. Hastings reveals to Tony that he loves Constance and wants to elope with her.
Tony is thrilled and promises to help the couple any way he can. Kate convinces her father that they should give Marlow another chance to see what his true character is. Constance and Mrs. Hardcastle enter, and Hastings exits. Constance tries to convince her aunt to let her try on her jewels, but Mrs. Hardcastle will not relent. Tony suggests that Mrs. Hardcastle tell Constance the jewels are missing, which she does, upsetting Constance deeply.
Tony reassures Constance privately, telling her that he gave her jewels to Hastings, who is preparing for their elopement. Meanwhile, Mrs. Hardcastle has discovered the jewels are missing. Tony teases his distressed mother, and the two of them exit. Kate enters accompanied by her maid Pimple and wearing the old-fashioned dress her father prefers. Kate says she will take advantage of the mistake, which will enable him to talk to her without such shyness.
Pimple exits, and Marlow enters. Kate, pretending to be a maid, speaks to Marlow in the accent of a lower-class woman. Marlow finds her beautiful and immediately begins to flirt with her.
In Chesterfield's version, the lines in question read: "The prostrate lover, when he lowest lies, But stoops to conquer, and but kneels to rise.
A well-educated man, "bred a scholar", Marlow is brash and rude to Mr. Hardcastle, owner of "Liberty Hall" a reference to another site in London , whom Marlow believes to be an innkeeper.
Marlow is sophisticated and has travelled the world. Around working-class women Marlow is a lecherous rogue, but around those of an upper-class card he is a nervous, bumbling fool. Hastings is an educated man who cares deeply about Constance, with the intention of fleeing to France with her.
Hardcastle — The father of Kate Hardcastle but he is mistaken by Marlow and Hastings as an innkeeper. Hardcastle — Wife to Mr. Hardcastle and mother to Tony, Mrs. Hardcastle is a corrupt and eccentric character. Miss Kate Hardcastle — Daughter to Mr. Hardcastle, and the play's stooping-to-conquer heroine. Miss Constance Neville — Niece of Mrs.
Hardcastle, she is the woman whom Hastings intends to court. Sir Charles Marlow — A minor character and father of Charles Marlow; he follows his son, a few hours behind. Reception[ edit ] Goldsmith's friend and contemporary, Samuel Johnson greatly admired the play. James Boswell quoted him as saying, "I know of no comedy for many years that has so much exhilarated an audience that it has answered so much the great end of comedy — making an audience merry".