Akbarnama In Bengali Pdf. If everyone chips in $25, we can keep this going for free. For the price of a book, we can share that book online. The Akbarnama which translates to Book of Akbar, is the official chronicle of the reign of Akbar, . The Ain-i-Akbari is currently housed in the Hazarduari Palace, in West Bengal. . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. tvnovellas.info - Bengali, also known as Bangla, and English. Bengali also has official language status in India and is spoken by % of the population, primarily in.
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This painting by the Mughal court artists Tulsi the Elder and Jagjivan from the Akbarnama (Book of Akbar) depicts Shuja'at Khan pursuing Asaf. Akbarnama In Bengali Pdf Free Download Authors And Languages Dante Alighieri Latin Divine Comedy Also called the Father of the Italian. Akbarnama In Bengali Pdf Free Download. Contents • • • • • • • History [ ] The work was commissioned by, and written by, one of the Nine Jewels.
The term Bara-Bhuiyans means twelve territorial landholders. But who were these bhuiyans could not be identified accurately for a long time. In fact, during the interregnum between Afghan rule and the rise of Mughal power in Bengal, various parts of Bengal passed to the control of several military chiefs, bhuiyans and zamindars. They jointly, and more often severally resisted Mughal expansion and ruled their respective territories as independent or semi-independent chiefs. There was no central control, or if there was any, it was nominal.
The Bara-Bhuiyans rose to power in this region and put up resistance to the Mughals, until islam khan chisti made them submit in the reign of Jahangir. Mughal historians, Abul Fazl and Mirza Nathan, state the number of Bhuiyans as twelve, but it should be remembered that the Bara-Bhuiyans of the time of Akbar were not the same as those of the time of Jahangir, because some died in the intervening period.
For example, Isa Khan, who fought against Akbar, died in his reign and was succeeded by his son musa khan , who took up leadership in the reign of Jahangir.
Some parganas changed hands in the meantime; for example, chand rai and kedar rai were zamindars of Vikramapura and Sripur in the reign of Akbar, but in the reign of Jahangir the family was probably extinct, so that the parganas were found in the hands of Musa Khan. The patriotic Bhuiyans, who resisted the Mughal conquest, were famous as Bara-Bhuiyans or twelve Bhuiyans, but in both the above lists, there are thirteen names.
Actually they were thirteen including the leader, and in fact both Abul Fazl and Mirza Nathan, while referring to the Bara-Bhuiyans, wrote, 'Isa Khan made the 12 zamindars of Bengal subject to himself', and elsewhere Mirza Nathan wrote 'Musa Khan and his 12 zamindar allies'.
The Bara-Bhuiyans gained strength during the chaotic conditions prevailing in eastern Bengal following the disruption of the two-hundred-year old independent sultanate in AD. There are examples of at least three rebellions against him by the supporters of the supplanted ruling dynasty.
In fact, the riverine tract of Bengal was always a headache to the central government. To solve the problem, Sher Shah divided Bengal into a number of smaller units, because, he thought, the rulers of smaller units would not have the power to rise against the central authority. The decentralisation had its demerits also. If the rulers of smaller units had not the power to rise against the central government, they had also no power to oppose the rebels.
That Sher Shah's policy of decentralisation had this bad effect is proved by the several rebellions in eastern Bengal against him. The Afghan historians described this state of affairs by using the term Muluk-ut-tawaif, which means disorder, chaos and disintegration. The chaotic condition did not end with the foundation of an independent Sur dynasty under Shamsuddin Muhammad Shah Ghazi and other Afghan ruling dynasties.
He joined his brother Sulaiman who was serving in Bengal and became strong in Bengal politics. Later he accepted service under Ghiasuddin Bahadur of the Sur dynasty and still later laid the foundation of the Karrani dynasty. Today, the illustrated manuscript of Akbarnma , with miniature paintings, is at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Soon after, the paintings and illuminated frontispiece were removed from the volume to be mounted and framed for display. The first volume of Akbarnama deals with the birth of Akbar , the history of Timur 's family and the reigns of Babur and Humayun and the Suri sultans of Delhi.
Volume one of Akbarnama encompasses Akbar's birth and his upbringings. According to the Abul Fazl Humayuan, the second Mughal emperor and Akbar's father, is praying to the Ka'ba, an islamic holy place, for a successor to the Mughal empire.
After this prayer, Maryam Makani showcases different signs that she is pregnant with Akbar such as having a shining forehead that others believe to be a mirror on her face or the warmth and joy that enters her bosom when a light shines on her. Miryam believes the light to be God's Light blessing her and her unborn child.
Nine months later while Humayuan is away, Maryam gives birth to Akbar under what is considered an auspicious star and there is great celebration. It also deals with Akbar's household, army, the revenues and the geography of the empire.
It also produces rich details about the traditions and culture of the people living in India. It is famous for its rich statistical details about things as diverse as crop yields, prices, wages and revenues.
Here Abu'l Fazl's ambition, in his own words, is: I know not whether the love of my native land has been the attracting influence or exactness of historical research and genuine truthfulness of narrative He also gives several Indian accounts of geography, cosmography, and some tidbits on Indian aesthetic thought.
Most of this information is derived from Sanskrit texts and knowledge systems. Abu'l Fazl admits that he did not know Sanskrit and it is thought that he accessed this information through intermediaries, likely Jains who were favoured at Akbar's court.
Many of the orthodox Muslims thought that the Hindus were guilty of two of the greatest sins, polytheism and idolatry. He writes that only serving and worshipping God is required. I'm in trouble so I don't go there too often..
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