This app contains some good information and questions about Assam. It includes the topics history, geography, census data, culture, literature, assam. Get all you want to know about Assam from its Culture, History, Industries, Our latest GK Notes series – 'Know your States', will certainly help you learn major. We have organized the event list of Assam Current Affairs , , & in a PDF capsule format. This PDF capsule contains all important state wise .
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General knowledge(gk) multiple choice questions(mcqs) and answers on Assam History. These general awareness Assam History - General Knowledge Questions and Answers | Page Home · General Download PDF. Free download. Assam Gk covers Assam History, culture, polity, economics, geography, general papers and other Assam Government previous year question papers also in pdf. Assam Gk questions and Answers, books, Notes and current affairs will help for you in your exam prepration. Assam history General Knowledge pdf collection.
Assam State Govt. Which state assembly has passed Ease of Doing Business Bill, to make ease of doing business and to attract fresh investment? Which district to have its own city animal with district administration announcing the Gangetic river Dolphin as the symbol? Achyut Lakhar has passed away in Assam at the age of 85 years old. He belonged to which field?
It is formed on 26 January in Area: Its area is about 78, sq kilometer.
Its rank is 17th in India. Population: Total population of Assam is approximately 31,, according to census. It is 15th populated state of India.
Population Density: Population density of Assam is per sq km. Sex Ratio: Census. Literacy Rate: Male Literacy rate is Official Language: Major people of Assam speak in Assamese.
The official language is Assamese. Governor: Banwarilal Purohit. Number of District: Total number of district in Assam is Karbi-Anglong is the largest by area among all the districts.
It has an area about 10, sq km. Capital: The capital of Assam is Dispur. Largest city: Guwahati is the largest city. State Animal: One horned rhinoceros is the state animal of Assam. State Bird: White-winged wood duck. Famous Dances: Bihu is the famous dance of Assam. According to legend, the last of the Naraka kings was killed by Krishna and his son Bhagadatta took the throne.
Bhagadatta is said to have participated in the Mahabharata war with an army of "chinas, kiratas and dwellers of the eastern sea", thereby indicating that his kingdom, Pragjyotisha , included part of Bangladesh.
The last in the Naraka dynasty was a ruler named Suparua. The historical account of Assam begins with the establishment of Pushyavarman's Varman dynasty in the 4th century in the Kamarupa kingdom , which marks the beginning of Ancient Assam. The kingdom reached its traditional extent, from the Karatoya in the west to Sadiya in the east.
Xuanzang visited his court and left behind a significant account. Bhaskaravarman died without leaving behind an issue and the control of the country passed to Salasthamba, who established the Mlechchha dynasty. After the fall of the Mlechchha dynasty in the late 9th century, a new ruler, Brahmapala was elected, who established the Pala dynasty.
The last Pala king was removed by the Gaur king, Ramapala, in But the two subsequent kings, Timgyadeva and Vaidyadeva, though established by the Gaur kings, ruled mostly as independents and issued grants under the old Kamarupa seals.
The fall of subsequent kings and the rise of individual kingdoms in the 12th century in place of the Kamarupa kingdom marked the end of the Kamarupa kingdom and the period of Ancient Assam. The medieval period in Assam begins with the Kanai Baraxiboa rock inscription of That year saw the first Muslim attack by Bakhtiyar Khilji , which led to the annihilation of the invading army and the death of its leader.
In the middle of the 13th century, Sandhya, a king of Kamarupanagara, moved his capital to Kamatapur, and thus established the Kamata kingdom.
Soon after in the beginning of the 16th century Vishwa Singha of the Koch tribe established the Koch dynasty in the Kamata kingdom. The Koch dynasty reached its peak under his sons, Nara Narayan and Chilarai.
In the eastern part of the erstwhile Kamarupa kingdom, the Kachari south bank of river Brahmaputra, central Assam and the Chutiya north bank of river Brahmaputra, eastern Assam kingdoms arose, with some Bhuyan chiefs controlling the region just west of the Chutiya kingdom.
The founder of the Chutiya kingdom Birpal formed his first capital in Swarnagiri near present Subansiri river in and later his son Ratnadhwajpal shifted the capital to Ratnapur present Majuli , absorbing the ancient Pala dynasty in and finally to Sadiya in In the tract between the Kachari and the Chutiya kingdoms, a Shan group, led by Sukaphaa , established the Ahom kingdom.
The 16th century is crucial in the history of medieval period because of the consolidation of the Ahoms who partially annexed the Chutiya kingdom and pushed the Kachari kingdom away from central Assam in the east, the Koch in the west and the growth of Ekasarana Dharma of Srimanta Sankardev.
After the death of Nara Narayan of the Koch dynasty in the late 16th century, the Kamata kingdom broke into Koch Bihar in the west and Koch Hajo in the east. The rivalry between the two kingdoms resulted in the former allying with the Mughals and the latter with the Ahoms.
Most of the 17th century saw the Ahom-Mughal conflicts , in which the Ahoms held the expansive Mughals at bay epitomized in the Battle of Saraighat of , and which finally ended in with the defeat of the Mughals at Itakhuli in Guwahati. Though the Ahom kingdom saw itself as the inheritor of the glory of the erstwhile Kamarupa kingdom and aspired to extend itself to the Karatoya river, it could never do so; though an Ahom general, Ton Kham under Swargadeo Suhungmung , reached the river once when he pursued a retreating invading army in the 16th century.
Though the Ahoms recaptured power, it was beset with problems,  leading to the Burmese invasion of Assam in the early 19th century.
The British attacked the Burmese garrison in Assam and by , the Burmese were expelled from Assam. The British thus became the masters of Brahmaputra Valley and they began to consolidate their rule in Assam. In , the Kachari king Govinda Chandra was assassinated.
Seizing this opportunity, the British annexed Kachari kingdom in But owing to mismanagement and failure to pay regular revenue, the British authorities annexed his kingdom in In , the kingdom of Jaintia was also annexed.
In , the region of Matak and Sadiya was also annexed by British authorities, and in , the North Cachar Hill district, under Tularam Senapati's administration, was also annexed into British Empire, thereby completing their conquest and consolidation of their rule in Assam.
The annexation of upper Assam is attributed to the successful manufacture of tea in , and the beginning of the Assam Company in Under the Wasteland Rules of , it became nearly impossible for natives to start plantations.
After the liberalization of the rules in , there was a land rush. The Chinese staff that was imported earlier for the cultivation of tea left Assam in , when tea plantations came to be tended by local labor solely, mainly by those belonging to the Kachari group.
From central Indian labor was imported for the tea plantations. This labor, based on an unbreakable contract, led to a virtual slavery of this labor group.
The colonial government already had monopoly over the opium trade. An artistic work of Indian Independence movement in Assam There were immediate protests and revolts against the British occupation. In , two years after the Treaty of Yandaboo, Gomdhar Konwar rose in revolt against the British, but he was easily suppressed. In the Indian rebellion of , rebels supporters offered resistance in the form of non-cooperation, and Maniram Dewan and Piyali Baruah were executed for their roles.
In peasants of Nagaon gathered at Phulaguri for a raiz mel peoples' assembly to protest against taxes on betel-nut and paan.
Singer, a British officer got into a fracas with the peasants and was killed, after which the protests were violently suppressed. Chief Commissioner's Province — : In , the Assam region was separated from the Bengal Presidency, Sylhet was added to it and its status was upgraded to a Chief Commissioner's Province. The capital was at Shillong. The people of Sylhet protested the inclusion in Assam.