Jan 3, The MAD Art of Caricature (Tom Richmond).pdf. E Book Curso Básico de Desenho Artístico com Ivan Querino. Sheila Treis · desenho. art of drawing caricatures is a combination of observational, creative and artis- tic abilities, and each artist and in this led to the publication of the first book of its kind, 'A book of Caricaturas' which tvnovellas.info, October [Vas88]. Issue 1 Spring · Article 2. A Definition of Caricature and Caricature and. Recognition. David Perkins. This paper is posted at ScholarlyCommons.
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This book has been sponsored in part by the Ariel Center for Policy Research Peace: The Arabian caricature: a study of anti-semitic imagery. The MAD Art of Caricature Tom Richmond - Free ebook download as PDF File . pdf) or read book online for free. How To Draw Cartoons and tvnovellas.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online.
Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Explains the role of caricature, tells how to develop a personal style, and includes profiles and work by top caricaturists. Read more Read less. Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. Learn more.
This should practically be required reading for anyone delving into the world of caricature. Jim shares his tips for approaching every subject to find which areas to exaggerate and play up.
This includes specific visualization techniques to see form, shape, and proportions. The Mad Art of Caricature! Another in-depth book every artist should read is The Mad Art of Caricature! Tom has almost three decades of experience drawing caricatures and illustrations for games, movies, and magazines.
He shares lots of examples while delving into the details to explain what makes a certain caricature successful. Later chapters get into practical advice for selling your caricatures to magazines, print publications, or to passerbys on the boardwalk. How to Draw Caricatures Learning to draw and exaggerate are two very distinct skills.
The big topics of this book focus on proportions, facial characteristics, and gestures. Early chapters explain the basics of symmetry and how to study a face. Attention to detail can make all the difference in the world of caricature. Each chapter includes tons of examples with many caricatures of celebrities like Will Smith, Elvis Presley, and Jack Nicholson among many others. The book dates back to the s but the information is still just as relevant today. Lenn shares tips on analyzing proportions and relationships in the face to decide which features should be exaggerated or reduced, and to what degree.
The goal is to keep you loose and moving fast. These exercises are not for perfecting incredible caricatures, but rather to help you develop the basic skills for this field. You should already have some comfort with sketching and you should be practicing daily. It can only take you some of the way by introducing techniques and guiding principles.
Each chapter delves a bit deeper into the fundamentals of light, composition, perspective, and anatomy. The results are not too shabby for such a short book! Drawing Cartoon Faces Cartooning and caricature have a lot in common. They both exaggerate reality and both aim to mimic reality in a unique style. The first chapter details basic fundamentals including materials, workflows, and practice regimens.
Later chapters get into the art of caricature and visual storytelling. This simple cartoon is to show you how two items, eyes and mouth, can suggest the mood of a cartoon person. Word and thought balloons are easy to draw. They are very useful devices. You can start using them from here on. You simply enclose the words or sounds in a cloud-like shape. The best way to do this is first to pencil in a straight line for the words.
Write in the caption then enclose it. This is much easier than drawing a balloon, then trying to cram in the words afterwards. Figure 11 was drawn to show you how just the mouth line can depict mood. This important line curves upwards for happiness and down for gloom, or anger. Another feature to help you is the eyebrows. See figure Eyebrows tend to rise or arch for happy moods.
They arrow down for anger. You can always use a mirror to act out the moods. Then you just note what your own features do. This may help you to build up a suitable persona. Being rather dotty has been a huge advantage to me. Figure 13 again reveals how the same features can be used to show moods. All these examples use mouth. I have used a word balloon to enclose the words. Let the power go to your head. When you get the hang of using these tricks you are then in command of all your little people.
This differs from a thought balloon by having a continuous line round the words. The top cartoon character is yelling. Draw your version of these small victims. With a little practice a rough pencil sketch of a face takes around ten seconds to draw and another twelve to ink in. The girl is oval-faced. The boy has a heart-shaped face. You can have double this time for your first efforts.
You should have no problems with these. The young and the old Babies have large round heads. Figure 14 shows a frontal view and a profile of babies.
Figure 15 moves on to early teenage.
The mouth is exaggerated in the illustration of a little monster crying. Now have a go at quickly drawing figures Figure 16 was drawn from two elderly gentlemen. For a cartoonist. Draw your cartoons of these old fellows. The really ancient are super to draw as cartoons. Think out a word or thought balloon for each.
Parts need replacing. The ancient are easy When we get old we become rather like an old car. Notice the glasses. They seem to be reflecting on life. Keep your masterpieces as a warning of things to come! Have a shot at drawing them. Figure 17 of an elderly couple. What are they thinking about? Come up with something funny then enclose your witty gems inside thought balloons.
Draw an angry girl using just the mouth and eyebrows to show her mood. Use a thought balloon to express what she thinks. Depict a teenager smiling at a grumpy old person. Treat it as fun. These are created as an exercise to train you to think out funny one-liners which are an essential part of becoming a good cartoonist. Allow yourself plenty of room to put in word or thought balloons. Be multi-cultural Almost every city in the UK. Draw your versions of these faces.
The West Indian face below is from life. Move on to figures 20 and Then it will be. Notice the hatted character top in figure The faces in this chapter. The world now comes to you. Both are fairly life-like. Some of the examples are pretty life-like whilst others are pure cartoons but still based on real people spotted by the author. There will never be a shortage of models. Notice how accurate the first rough pencil sketches are.
Wherever you go you will see people who represent scores of nationalities. Europe and many other countries is now multi-cultured. In this section you can practise drawing some of the many races who now combine into nations. Figure 19 shows two faces taken from city life. See how shading has been applied. You can stretch or simplify your sketches of these faces.
What is the girl laughing about? What has made the man grin? Think out something really wild and funny. Do not be afraid. Very often this is the best way because some folk tend to become camera conscious if they know that they are being drawn. Collect faces A good way of helping yourself to become a good artist is to go out and draw faces.
Almost everyone is pleased to be drawn as a cartoon. Look carefully at them. There is more about lurking in Chapter 6. The difficult part. I am sure that you have already realised this.
Decide which are life-like and which have been exaggerated. Do not slavishly copy what I have drawn. You can then work these up into finished drawings at your leisure. Collect different types by popping them down as rough sketches in your sketch pad. Keep your eyes open and pencil ready when you go out.
Be able to draw anyone of any nationality. Pay attention to the many different ethnic types. My five year old wanted to rob a bank. When you were young you might have added glasses on to images in newspapers or magazines. To escape unhappiness the little beast drew cartoons.
His morning Wheaty Bits were served in mulled red wine. The group laughed. For a cartoonist it is vital. I showed the 60 strong group his cartoon of the tutor. This was great fun to do. Whilst collecting faces you will notice that some of your victims wear a hat. Imagination Imagination is the ability to see mental pictures.
Make up things. Instead of hot milk at night he demanded a cup of Sherry followed by a Vodka chaser. Recently I attended a course non-artistic in London and popped down sketches of fellow students — and the tutor — as I listened to many hours of talks. If you are unable to get about easily. Some people have more imagination than others but it is a faculty which can be developed and trained.
One exercise given to us students was to act or think out a story as a five year old. It was a start. Try adding on a few of these items just for practice. He also had a drink problem. I did. What about making the teapot into a little cartoon with eyes. Draw your version of my faces. So can cups. Try different eyes Back to work now. Re-draw all these cartoons then put in thought balloons to help sum up their mood. Think out balloons for your inventions.
The top character has dots for eyes. What can they say or think? Walk round a garden. For example look at a table set for tea. Try it. Look back at figure 24 to see how eyes have been treated. See flowers as small faces. It can talk. Some smile. The eyes in the middle head are circles. This true story is mentioned because it shows how imagination and a sense of humour can brighten our lives. Let your imagination run riot.
Notice the shape of them. The character at the bottom of the page wears glasses. If you think that you have poor imagination. Your pencil roughs should be as good as you can draw them for these faces before you ink them in. Glamour pusses Beautiful faces are used in cartoons. Notice that the eyes are pretty true to life. What can the girls be thinking? This kind fig 28 are used to sell products. Some can be rather life-like. Figure 29 is a similar exercise for you.
Face shapes have been slightly exaggerated. The hair styles are drawn with few lines. I deliberately turned glamour girls into cartoons for figure This type of face is the sort to use in everyday pocket cartoons. Draw your faces then put in word or thought balloons. There will be more about these later in this book. Be handy with hands You can draw fingers like stubby sausages or rather like a bunch of bananas. Figure 34 is of such hands. Draw a page or two of hands based on those you have just studied.
Another tip is to notice how people use their hands. Notice that you can leave out nails if you wish to. You will soon get the hang of drawing hands by drawing hands. Draw your version of these hands.
You can see many examples in newspapers and magazines. You can also get away with just using three fingers and a thumb. Study your victims.
Always start by drafting out a pencil rough. Cartoonists exaggerate these features. Notice the action lines used to indicate movement. Figure 33 is of more hands in different positions. Female hands tend to be much slimmer and smooth with tapering fingers. See how the rough sketches have been constructed. The hands of ladies. Most beginners tend to draw these appendages much too small.
To do this use a mirror. A helpful friend would be useful as a model for you. Drawing from life is always the best way forward. Hands can have just three fingers or be life-like. Look at the cartoon hands drawn for figure Failing that you can always use your own hands to draw from.
If you want to draw huge feet that is fine. Big feet I am sure that you must have noticed how most cartoonists put huge feet on their cartoon creations. You can do the same. Play about with your pencil until you come up with footwear you like on your creations. The footwear illustrating figure 35 was drawn from a catalogue. Draw similar footwear but first pop down a pencil rough.
Sketching fairly accurate records of footwear will improve your observation and give you a feel for foot shapes and sizes. Copy the designs in figure 35 then move on to figure 36 which shows footwear exaggerated for use in cartoons.
Notice that the drawings do resemble the real thing although they have been slightly exaggerated. For most general cartoon characters footwear is very simply drawn but there are times when more life-like illustrations are needed — for cartoon characters used to advertise a product for example. A tramp. See if you can stretch the studies even further. You may have noticed that in cartoons featuring elegant ladies the artist will usually clad them in high-heeled shoes. His toes could poke out.
The footwear in figure 37 has also been exaggerated. The elderly might be seen to wear decrepit slippers similar to those drawn for figure See how painfully thin legs or wrinkled socks help to suggest age. You can use a mirror to sketch your own hooves. Bare feet Sometimes it is necessary to draw a cartoon figure who has bare feet. Exaggerate the big toe. Accurate anatomical drawings are not required.
Keep your sketch simple. Invent a cartoon teenager who is wearing trainers. Draw the legs and footwear of a policeman. Draw a high-heeled shoe from the front then from the side. See if you can draw a page of feet but in different positions from those shown. Figure 38 will give you an idea of cartoon feet and also the first pencil roughs.
The cartoon man was first lightly drawn as a lay figure which was then developed into the finished ink cartoon character. If you want one shop around for it. The cartoon drawing alongside illustrates just how helpful lay figures can be.
The one I use has a small nose modelling clay added on. They have jointed limbs which allow them to be moved into any normal position common to us humans.
You have a choice. It is a very useful teaching aid quite apart from helping me to knock out cartoons. It might trigger nightmares for you! See how the lay figure has been used to give me a good idea of what a human figure fixed in this pose would look like. If you are unable to get about or have no relatives or friends to pose or you are in a hurry to get things done like me a lay figure could be the answer to your problem.
It is 32 cm high. How to use a lay figure Figure 40 will show you what my lay figure looks like. Lay figures can be downloadd for a few pounds. There are lay figures which are either larger or smaller than this. A most useful aid to figure drawing is a little manikin called a lay figure. Some art stores charge quite a lot for them but there are bargain shops which stock less expensive ones. These are made of wood. Why not both? Male or female. Feel free to change the cartoon figure to whatever you want.
Lightly draw in pencil your idea of a cartoon man then ink it in when you are satisfied with your rough. Draw your version. Figure 43 sets a pose for you to make up a cartoon from. Figure 41 shows my lay figure frozen in a running pose. Note the adjoining cartoon. Do the same exercise with figure Then draw it as a simple stick figure to depict the position you require.
Then you carefully pad out the stick into a cartoon form. First think about the position you want your cartoon character to be in. There is another way to help yourself. Figure 44 will show you how this is done. Use stick figures to form the basic structure of your cartoon figures. Try this one for practice. Lay figures are very much better to draw from than photographs or from memory.
Raid the housekeeping jar and download one! Stick with it If you are on a tight budget and cannot afford a lay figure do not worry. Put in a word balloon. Figure 45 of a tubby cartoon chap was first drawn as a stick figure. Who is this guy? What is he talking about? Draw your version of this sketch. It was then bloated out to what was needed.
Of course. Use yourself as a model. Use a lay or stick figure to draw your little chap strutting his stuff.
Note the body action.
Figure 46 depicts a man walking. To get the hang of drawing figures think about what is involved in the movement of a human. Draw from a lay or stick figure a lady kneeling down. Using a stick figure draw a cartoon man climbing a ladder. From my drawings sketch a lay figure jumping up and down. People do not come near you. If you happen to be on foot. This never fails. You then become embarrassing to look at. You need to be furtive without looking as if you are. How to lurk Successful lurking requires acting ability.
The top lurkers are undercover police. The trick is to appear to be doing something quite different from your undercover cartooning of various victims. You could. When everyone is looking up you glance down and deftly pencil a few rough cartoons. UFO or unseen highflying bird. My favourite ploy is to sit either inside or outside a cafe. They never notice the sketch pad on your knee or hidden amongst the plates of cake. Figure 48 is a cartoon which was produced this way.
Figure 49 showing two ladies having a chat was another one. Drawing from the inside of a car works very well. Study the help lines then sketch your versions of these two cartoons.
You will soon get the hang of doing this with practice and it will provide you with dozens of cartoon figures. You can see these in figures 50 and I watched a live TV golf programme. Note the long shorts. My eye was caught by spectators in the background. See what you can come up with.
Like millions of other folk I watch football matches. I caught one of these jokers on my sketch pad. Have a look at figure It seems to me that far too many professional footballers are unsporting. Some play act being badly hurt. Newspapers can help you If you are housebound or pushed for time. Notice that the chap in figure 54 is life-like whilst the fellow in figure 55 has been exaggerated a lot.
Try drawing another girl singer this way. Give it a try after drawing your versions of figures 54 and A small job for you. The mouth was exaggerated.
The soap-box orator. Figures 54 and 55 are my examples of doing this. My cartoon version of her appears in figure Drawing cartoons from different publications is a good way quickly to churn out an army of varied characters. A so-called pop singer held my attention for a few minutes on one TV show.
Notice how eyes have been drawn. You can sketch figures as you watch TV. Both of my victims used for figure 58 were spotted in a supermarket. Try to get into the habit of drawing often. Then you will soon become quick and competent. The old lady was rushing about at high speed.
Draw a pencil rough of this figure then ink it in. Note how the tight curls have been drawn by using a controlled scribble. See how fast you can sketch your versions of my characters. He reminded me of a darts player so I drew him as such. Lurk in your supermarket A supermarket is a great place for a cartoonist to lurk about in. These two examples make the point of using imagination to create cartoon characters from ordinary victims.
The stout gentleman was looking for something. I wondered how she would be on roller blades. The lady featured in figure 57 represents a species almost always seen out shopping.
The help lines for these cartoons are like most of my first pencil roughs. She is large. Draw a male and female cartoon figure from life. Lurk in a supermarket to draw unsuspecting victims. From TV sketch two original cartoon figures. Look at the top line. Youngsters tend to move about a lot smarter than us adults. The quickest way of learning how to draw them is to observe carefully.
The differences are small. The first cartoon shows a surprised expression.
Capture moods After drawing examples in previous chapters you should be aware of the facial features which denote moods. Study figure Mouth is oshaped. The mouth line. Kids have larger heads. Mouth line curves slightly upwards. In this illustration you will see how the faces of a boy and girl have been used to reflect different moods.
The middle sketch is of a happy face. But just to refresh your brain I will go over the three most important features to concentrate on.
Do not lurk about school gates in order to watch and sketch children or you could be in big trouble. The top right face expresses a big laugh or great joy. In any event there are always plenty of kids around during school holidays so finding victims is no real problem. No eyebrows are visible. Notice that she is looking out of the corner of her eyes.
The girl. Her mouth is just slightly down. The right hand face shows an up and down mouth line. She might look like this if she is very pleased or if she is gloating a bit. Mouth down. The right hand face shows pleasure. Move to the bottom row of faces. The mouth is straight. The middle face reveals happiness coupled with a laugh.
The end drawing shows a big smile along with screwed up eyes. The middle expression is one of neutrality. The face on the left depicts anger or a lot of irritation. Now move down to the second row. Mouth arches down as do the eyebrows. What can this mood be? What if this little lad was feeling completely baffled? This might suggest just that. The middle expression reveals a little worried look. By drawing the top eyelids angled down the mood is further reinforced.
Use thought balloons if necessary. Figure 61 is my cartoon drawing of two youngsters who are trying to scare each other but also appear to worry about themselves should their bluff topple over into a bit of a fight. Ask yourself what they are up to. Wonder what they are thinking. Only through practice will you be able to jot down exactly which mood. See how they react to each other. To begin with simply use obvious moods such as those illustrated in figure Copy the moods drawn but try to install them in cartoon faces which you have invented.
Use a lay figure. There are. Watch the little perishers It is a good idea to take time to watch children. Draw your version of two small children in a similar scene.
Notice how the expressions have been drawn. I simply had the tiny tot speaking to another kid who gives him moral support. A small toddler escaping from his mother prompted the cartoon drawing for figure But as a cartoonist.
When you have done this look at figures It might be a mind opener for you! Figure 63 illustrates typical banter between a boy and girl. Listen to different age groups communicating with each other. Keep your ears open When we get older we mix with adults and tend not to listen too much to children.
Think out different words and thoughts which suggest an early impending battle. The battle of the sexes starts early nowadays! Use a lay figure or the help lines to create your own version of this picture. Action kids As mentioned previously kids are more active than most adults.
Notice how the action has been frozen. Draw your versions of all these cartoons but create your own little people. Have a glass of plonk. Then take a break. Learn to use action lines. Use word or thought balloons. Draw a boy and girl who actually like each other. Make a funny sketch of two kids playing a sport not illustrated in this chapter.
Draw a cartoon showing a little kid looking petrified. Think out different word and thought balloons for your creations. Figure 72 is based very loosely on a thrush. You feed them now and again? Notice how much I have exaggerated this bird. See how the rough sketch shows a circle for the head transposed on to an oval for the body. This is a good system with which to start all bird drawings. Note how wings. The gliding rook. Human-like birds You have a lot of freedom when you cartoon animals.
Bird watching could help you to become a good animal cartoonist. Cartooning birds requires the same drawing abilities needed for sketching human animals. This is not hard as most birds have roughly the same bits and pieces. Draw your versions of these two funny birds. You may even earn money with this skill.
You may have seen these birds stalking your lawn for worms. See how I have left white lines to depict wing feathers. You have to learn how a bird is put together. You can give them human strengths and weaknesses. How have you got on with birds up to now. When you are out in the countryside or in a large park make a note of the birds which you see.
Draw your own little bird but use a different word balloon. The coot shape is easy to draw. Figure 74 shows a coot.
The young sparrow depicted is in a common position for young birds. These birds are usually nervous of humans but can fight fiercely with each other.
You might have seen such youngsters looking pathetic. Try drawing a coot then think out a witty thought balloon for it. See figure 75 for my cartoon version of a young tawny owl which is our commonest owl.
Imagine a much older owl sitting on a branch whilst thinking some profound thoughts. Owls are popular. Notice the ruff round the small. The large eyes. Now draw your invention. Notice how birds fly. You can use their flying patterns in your sketches. Notice the use of action lines to suggest movement. See how you make out with these examples. Some soar around on hot air thermals. Figure 76 illustrates a bird flapping upwards and another hovering. See how large. See figure 77 for a good example.
She has a flare for cartoons. Notice the long. Vultures rely on superb vision when searching for food. See if you can think out then draw a similar bird but with a different gag. This cartoon was produced by my mate Pat who was once my student. I like the vulture. Use more humour It makes for good cartoons if you can add in additional humour to a funny-to-look-at drawing. See if you can come up with a similar joke.
The parrot in figure 78 is another little gem drawn by Pat. The joke was a joint effort. Pat created the cartoon then I supplied the idea: It also has strong stems in the tail feathers which act as a prop when it clings to a tree. See if you can do the same with a drawing of a green woodpecker or another bird which you know a little about. This pretty little bird is most interesting. After studying green woodpeckers then drawing and painting them I used one for the cartoon in figure You can draw life-like birds If you already know your birds you can make life-like cartoons of them.
Because its brain is encased in fluid which absorbs the tremendous shock. How does it get insects and grubs from deep inside a tree? It has a very long. Knowing this stuff made it easy to think out a relevant gag. Robins are very much loved. Make a cartoon of a heron. Draw a city pigeon as a funny cartoon. Cartoon one. Easy shapes to start with If you are new to drawing animals.
See if you can think out another gag line for your version of this cartoon. Sheep are quite easy to sketch. After a little practice and much research you should be able to sketch most animals pretty quickly. The crab. Send a mental picture of the animal or cartoon to your personal computer.
Figure 81 illustrates two fish. This idea came to me after hearing about an angler who used chocolate as a bait. You can then draw from memory any old time. This applies to all drawings. Once you have drawn them a few times you will find that the structure of these limbs will stick in your mind. The body shapes are similar. Draw cartoons of these animals. See my rough drawing at the top of figure The hard bit for you might be the legs.
Any creature can be drawn as a cartoon if. Notice the oval-shaped body mass and series of small ovals used for head. The best way to learn how to draw a cat is to watch one. Once you can put these down. Look at figure Popular pets Cats have become the number one pet in the U. Look carefully at ears. This cartoon is fairly life-like. I find that tatty alley cats prompt the most cartoon ideas for me. The cat featured in figure 84 has been exaggerated a little more than the moggie in figure For the time being try out your skill on figures 83 and It stands on two legs.
You can dress your cat in clothes if you like. You must have seen the many cartoon cats made famous by years of use in daily newspapers and TV cartoon shows. The lower half of the face has been drawn bigger and more rounded than it actually is. It has human-like limbs. If you can invent a really new addition. This type of cartoon is loved by children. Draw a page of cats to prove what was previously mentioned about sending pictures to your computer for future use.
Try your skill on this dog or one you know or may have as a pet. Dogs follow cats in the popularity scale. These animals seem to look worried or unhappy but they are not really. I tend to draw life-like dogs as cartoons. This point is made in the word balloon used.
See figure 85 for my version of a basset hound. Draw your own cartoon dog based on my drawing. The cartoon dog in figure 86 is again one which can stand on two legs.
See figure 87 for my example. Notice how the rough sketch is made up of circles to produce a head. Children love rabbits too. What do you reckon these two animals are saying or thinking? Exercise your imagination on your drawings of them. This is life-like with just the eyes. The bulldog below is rather sadlooking. The body is a rough oval.
The problems are the same for most sketches. You could easily come up with a funnier cartoon. Study the horse in figure Figure 90 shows my idea. A kangaroo is quite comical to look at so it does not require much to draw one as a cartoon. A kangaroo using its pouch for something other than raising youngsters is not an original idea.