[PDF] Download Cartoon History of the Universe Volumes Ebook | READ ONLINE Download at. Why begin earlier than the birth of the universe? Includes the evolution of life on earth, the origin of sex, the first humans, the early civilizations of the Middle East, . Cartoon History of the Universe I, Vol. From the Big Bang to Alexander the Great, Cartoon History of the Universe II, Vol. From the Springtim.
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Cartoon History of the Universe #1 - 9 () FREE Comics Download on CBR CBZ Format. Download FREE DC, Marvel, Image, Dark. Cartoon History of the Universe - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online. Cartoon History of the Universe. Download The Cartoon History of the Universe II: Volumes From by Larry Gonick PDF. By Larry Gonick. here is a new installment of the phenomenal.
Publication history[ edit ] San Francisco-based underground comix publisher Rip Off Press began publishing The Cartoon History of the Universe in , with the first six issues being published by Rip Off Press published 9 issues from to ; the first collected edition was published by Broadway Books in While seeking a book publisher, Gonick received early support from Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis , who worked as an editor at Doubleday and championed The Cartoon History of the Universe's publication. When Gauls are depicted, not only do they often resemble Goscinny and Uderzo's characters Asterix and Obelix , but when Gonick treats the Gallic invasion of Italy — BCE , the characters, along with Vitalstatistix , appear unmistakably Vitalstatistix is transported on a shield, Asterix pummels a Roman soldier, etc. Let's get our own comic book.
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Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Cretaceous period — height of dinosaur period. Modern plants develop. One theory — a giant asteroid hit the planet, as a result of which a giant cloud of dust was raised, and the climate cooled. Many kinds of sea life die. Dinosaurs die out in favor of small mammals. We developed out of apes. These monkeys ran on two legs, which left the hands free.
The free hands were used for a variety of uses, the main ones being making use of sticks and stones, as tools and weapons. The edge was given to us by cooperation. Males went out hunting, females stayed with children and gathering vegetables. Males learned to work stone with stone — making of stone tools. Women made softer things which did not survive, such as baskets for gathering herbs.
An ice age began peaked around 20, years ago. Humans survived by making use of fire. Also, fire was used to harden the spears, to cook, to warm. Some early humans were vegetarians and some — cannibals. The first people were nomads, carrying very little with them. Then, they started to carry their houses with them, e. The fist houses were made of sticks or bones , surrounded by stones or larger bones.
Around , years ago there appeared people with large-headed humans. These were the Neanderthal people. They ate meat of mammoths and had rituals. Then appeared people with a large forehead. These were Cro-magnons. They exterminated the Neanderthals. Their stone tools were far more sophisticated. Music started to appear in this period. They developed cave art, probably for rituals like hunting.
Some wolfs, in exchange for food, became domesticated dogs. Women learn to make baskets, ropes from straw. These could be used for making snares, a string for a bow, a line for fish. Around 12, years ago the climate began to warm. Famine followed. There, people learned to domesticate the sheep. People probably women invented bread. They learn the use of different seeds. And so agriculture began.
To store the grain, people invented pottery. To use the wool from the sheep, they invented weaving on a loom. To work the fields, people needed big families.
One of the first cities was the trading post of Jericho, on the route from Asia to Egypt Africa. There, people were protected by walls, provided with "hotels", etc. In the Neolitihic Age new stone age, around B. Smelting of copper begins, it is used for making tools and weapons. Also, the wheels was invented, probably first for making pottery. Initially, the chiefs of clans and tribes. All goods were in common, no private property. With development of agriculture sheep raising, grain planting, etc.
Also, social structure changed - family organization became dominant. Today, with the break-down of private property, we see a break-down of family. In other words, break down of private property leads to liberation of women and break down of a family as an institution.
Woman became a prisoner in man's house. Also, with development of private property, wars started - to seize the fields, the domesticated animals, and mainly - to make the other people slaves, who would work the fields.
One of the first centers of civilization was Sumer, around B. The people built irrigation canals, and carried trade with India and Egypt. These people developed clay tablets to write on. Their writing developed from pictures. Another cradle of civilization was between the rivers Tigers and Euphrates. There people began to make bricks out of mud. From these, they built the city of Eridu, but problem with the bricks was that they melted in the rain. Agriculture yields surpluses, hence trade.
Foreigners start to notice the spot. People in Sumer ate mostly bread and onions. They drank beer which was brewed and served only by women.
Picture on the right: a ruler, Sargon of Akkad. Notice the delicate lips, self-possession of the man, and mastery of the sculptor. The first hero of the age was Gilgamesh Sumer's heroic age, around B.
He rebelled against the priests and thus gods , and against some kings. He killed some monsters Sumerians worshipped fertility and sexuality. In spring, a priested enacted "sacred marriage" with the king in a temple. Below, a general orgy followed, Thus, many babies came in winter, which was a relatively free time. They developed magical methods for understanding the world, including the astrology - pre-cursor of astronomy. Tax system developed. Taxes were collected - for marriage, divorce, for shearing a sheep, for burial, for fighting.
People of Lagash were unhappy with such heavey taxes, and so they threw out the old king and chose a new one, Urukagina, who reformed the tax code. The role of a woman declined, a saying was invented: "If a wife contradicts her husband, her teeth should be bashed with bricks" Another group of people who lived in Sumer were Semites, the ancestors of modern Arabs and Jews.
Their king was Sargon of Agade who led the revolt against the king of Ksh. Eventually, Sargon's empire collapsed, around B. Then, Sumer was invaded by the people called Martu, also semites. Martu did not live in houses, did not know grain no agriculture , ate raw meat and some herbs. Then Sumer was attacked by a mountain people, Elamites. Around B. Their language was Akkadian.
They absorbed entirely the culture of Sumer. Fighting among the Martuwas stopped by a new empire-builder, Hamurabi of Babylon, around B. He is also famous for his "code", or laws. Women were veiled so other men would not see them.
This was portrayed as a privilege. One of Martu was Abraham. He led his family out of the city of Babylon. Abraham had a son, Isaac. The young man was rebellious, so Abraham wanted to sacrifice him, but then spared him at the last minute.
The tribe of Abraham becomes many tribes. One of these was the tribe of Israel. In parallel with Sumer, the Egyptian civilization developed. Nile flooded the valeys every spring.
The Egyptians learned to make sheer linen compare to sheepskin of Sumerians. Instead of writing in the mud, they invented a papyrus. They also developed a graceful language out of pictures. They were famous for cosmetics, wigs, etc. They developed nice statues and mummy. The dead were buried in special houses, which developed into pyramids. Egypt was invented by people called Hyksos on horses and chariots which were like battle tanks in those days. The Hyksos were attacked by "a baron" of Thebes, also on chariots.
Egypt develops an army and becomes an empire. Egypt built nice sail ships which traded with Africa and Arabia. They built nice temples, still preserved today.
This metal is harder than any known before. This gives an advantage in fighting and working. An army of slaves escaped Egypt, and these were the Hebrews.
Invaded by many people.
The origins of the Jewish people go back to Abraham and his wife Sarah, who emerged from the Sumerian city of Ur. Lot was their nephew. He lost his wife, so he had sex with his daughters. Abraham and Lot fathered many tribes. Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, who changed his name to Israel. This Israel begot 12 sons of Israel.
One of them - Joseph - went to Egypt and got a good government position. He offered his kin some land in Egypt, and they accepted. Later, after Joseph's death, they were enslaved. Moses - a half-Egyptian - stood up for the slaves. Once, he killed a slave overseer for abusing slaves. He escaped. Picture on the right: Moses with the tablets of the Ten Commandments, painting by Rembrandt, Moses had a vision that he must go back and free the slaves.
And so he led the Jewish people out of Egypt.
And they wondered in the desert, and needed laws to resolve their disputes. So, Moses went up to a mountain, where he got a tablet. By the time he arrived back, he noticed that the people were worshipping a golden calf. So his party killed the calf-worshippers.
Israel was fighting the philistines, a tribe equipped with chariots and iron. They were defeated. Hannah had a son called Samuel. She vowed not to cut his hair. Samuel became a leader of Israel, travelling around to judge the people. Thus, kings came from judges of people in civil strife. Saul was a big, powerful man whom Samuel appointed to be a king. Saul had a singer named David. This David fought the biggest man of the philistines, Goliath.
David became a king of Israel. He noticed a woman named Bathsheba, and took her from her husband, who was killed in a battle later. Their child was called Solomon.
Solomon became king. Solomon was known for his judgement, as for example when two women claimed one and the same child as their, he ordered to cut it in 2, and one woman refused. After Solomon's death, there followed a civil war among the Jews. Assyrian empire started to be built around this time.
They inherited the knowledge of Sumer and Babylon. Efficient administrators, goods roads, messengers. They perfected armored battering rams and siege towers for conquests of walled cities. All civilization is really a history of civil wars. The Assyrians finished the kingdom of Israel and deported some people, which became known as the "ten lost tribes of Israel". Another stake on the kingdom of Israel - Babylon. These people took Jerusalem in B.
They had stone tools and animals, like pigs, brought from the mainland The civilization was born on the island of Crete. The greatest city was Mykenae. This was conquered by the Greeks, the nomadic Indo-European tribe with horses. From native they learned the arts of cultivation of olives and grapes. The myth of Oedipus The myth of Argonauts cartoon The myth of Heracles who originally was one of the argonauts Struggle among sons of Oedipus for the throne of Thebes - the story of "Seven against Thebes" The story of the Trojan war cartoon "In the second millennium BC Mycenae was one of the major centres of Greek civilization, a military stronghold which dominated much of southern Greece.
At this time - only bronze tools. Gradually, Greeks learn to work the iron. The Spartan culture, e.
Constitution made by Lykurgos. Love affairs between men and boys. In the course of travelling they pick up culture, e. Worship of Dionysos in ecstasy Philosophers start to appear.
First - Thales of Miletos, B. Famous for falling into a well, as he was lookin up to the stars. Thales said that everything was made of water. His student, Anaximander, suggested that all life evolved out of fish.
Anaximander brought a sun dial from Babylonia. Pythagoras and his secret brotherhood. Idea that "number is all" vol. Asks the gods of Delphi if he should attack Persians.
Given an equivocal answer. An Einstein -like Professor representing Gonick's authorial voice prepares to travel in his time machine to whatever place or era the chapter is about. The Professor reads a passage from a historical book, which activates the "time machine," a literary device. For example, the Professor reads a book about dinosaurs to introduce Volume 1 about prehistory.
This introduction provides a bridge to the action, the main narrative of each chapter. Narrative style and tone[ edit ] Point of view[ edit ] Any history book has a point of view , and Larry Gonick's might best be described as " humanist.
Instead, Gonick fleshes out history into a long yarn, injecting characterization into historical personages, continually reporting gory anecdotes, and focusing on quirky details—all backed up by research—to enliven his subject. He reports both the greatness of human achievement and acknowledges humanity's savagery. Note the antic characterization of Alexander the Great and Gonick's use of black ink.
In addition to being a straight though unusual history, The Cartoon History helps readers understand historical cause and effect —how the past relates to the present.