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The foundation of any historical novel is the true happenings or events that As Chandragupta Maurya was ruling in India at the time of Alexender aur Chandragupta Hindi Book PDF from the download link given below. As a student of history I have always been fascinated by the career of Chandragupta Maurya, one of the greatest of kings, conquerors and administrators the. Chandragupta Maurya (reign: c. – c. BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in Historical Jain texts claim Chandragupta followed Jainism by first renouncing his wealth and power, going away "Kautilya's Arthaśāstra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India" (PDF), The Journal of Military History, 67 (1 ): 9.

The foundation of any historical novel is the true happenings or events that have took place in History. In Chanakya aur Chandragupta Hindi Book, light has been thrown over the Indian history which is years old. Well, there are many books available over Chandtagupta Maurya and Chanakya but they are not based on facts and figures whereas in case of Chanakya Aur Chandraguta, Harinarayan Aapte has put all the facts. As Chandragupta Maurya was ruling in India at the time of Alexender The Great invasion, so in many Greek literature one can find description of Patliputra and Chandragupta. Chandragupta was also the grandfather of Great Ashoka King, so one can also found facts and figures about Chandragupta and Chanakya in Bodh books. You are about to download the selected Chanakya Aur Chandragupta pdf for free.

A strong central administration was established with extremely ordered bureaucratic structure.

Because of such a strong administration both trade and agriculture were thrived and made the economy very strong. Art and architecture flourished to a great extent during Mauryan Empire. Buddhism and Jainism became important religion. Maurya Empire existed for about years. He took a voluntary retirement and handed over his throne to his son Bindusara in BC. He was just 42 years old at that time. It is believed that Chandragupta Maurya adopted Jainism and became an ascetic under the Jain saint Bhadrabahu.

Chandragupta Maurya is the most influential ruler along with his grandson Ashoka.

Chandragupt Maurya

There is no clear account available about his early life. He was born in Pataliputra, but was raised in the forest in the company of herdsmen and hunters. It was Chanakya who spotted him and he was struck by his personality. Chanakya trained and transformed him into one of the most powerful rulers of that era. Chanakya trained him in arts, sciences, logic, administration and warfare at the Taxila University. Chanakya had decided a task for Chandragupta-to free India from Greek dominance.

Some smaller kingdoms in Punjab and Sindh helped Chandragupta. Soon Chandragupta defeated the Greeks and freed Punjab. He then defeated the Nancla rulers in Pataliputra and captured the throne of Magadha. He also created a functional espionage system to keep his enemies within his watch.

He established a highly centralised and hierarchical system of governance with the help ot a large staff, with systematic tax collection; trade and commerce, industrial arts; mining; vital statistics welfare of foreigners; maintenance of public places, including markets and temples and welfare of prostitutes.

With the help of Chanakya, Chandragupta overthrew the Nardas and assumed the throne.

It also assured him a respectful place in later Greek ond Roman histories. Chanakya provided the strategy and Chandragupta the execution, and they began expanding eastwards towards Magadha Gangetic plains. Historically reliable details of Chandragupta's campaign into Pataliputra are unavailable and legends written centuries later are inconsistent.

According to Buddhist texts such as Milindapanha , Magadha was ruled by the evil Nanda dynasty, which, with Chanakya's counsel, Chandragupta easily conquered to restore dhamma. Chandragupta and Chanakya built alliances and a formidable army of their own first. The Mudrarakshasa of Vishakhadatta and the Jain work Parishishtaparvan state that Chandragupta allied with a Himalayan king called Parvatka. In the ensuing war, Chandragupta fought against Bhadrasala , the commander of Dhana Nanda 's armies.

These estimates were based in part on the earlier work of Megasthenes , the Seleucid ambassador to the Maurya.

Bhattacharyya states that the empire was built by a gradual conquest of provinces after the initial consolidation of Magadha. After Alexander's death in BCE, Chandragupta and his Brahmin counsellor and chief minister Chanakya began their empire building in the north-western Indian subcontinent modern-day Pakistan.

Chandragupta's mercenaries may have assassinated two of his governors, Nicanor and Philip. About years later, the Roman historian Justin described how "wild lions and elephants" instinctively revered Chandragupta and how he conquered the north-west:. While he Sandrocottus [Chandragupta] was lying asleep, after his fatigue, a lion of great size having come up to him, licked off with his tongue the sweat that was running from him, and after gently waking him, left him.

Being first prompted by this prodigy to conceive hopes of royal dignity, he drew together a band of robbers, and solicited the Indians to support his new sovereignty.

Some time after, as he was going to war with the generals of Alexander, a wild elephant of great bulk presented itself before him of its own accord, and, as if tamed down to gentleness, took him on its back, and became his guide in the war, and conspicuous in fields of battle. Sandrocottus, having thus acquired a throne, was in possession of India, when Seleucus was laying the foundations of his future greatness; who, after making a league with him, and settling his affairs in the east, proceeded to join in the war against Antigonus.

As soon as the forces, therefore, of all the confederates were united, a battle was fought, in which Antigonus was slain, and his son Demetrius put to flight. Always lying in wait for the neighboring nations, strong in arms and persuasive in council, he acquired Mesopotamia, Armenia , ' Seleucid ' Cappadocia , Persis , Parthia , Bactria , Arabia , Tapuria , Sogdia , Arachosia , Hyrcania , and other adjacent peoples that had been subdued by Alexander, as far as the river Indus, so that the boundaries of his empire were the most extensive in Asia after that of Alexander.

The whole region from Phrygia to the Indus was subject to Seleucus. He crossed the Indus and waged war with Sandrocottus [Maurya], king of the Indians, who dwelt on the banks of that stream, until they came to an understanding with each other and contracted a marriage relationship.

Some of these exploits were performed before the death of Antigonus and some afterward. According to R. Majumdar and D. Kosambi, Seleucus appears to have fared poorly, having ceded large territories west of the Indus to Chandragupta.

Important Dates in Indian History

According to Strabo, Chandragupta engaged in a marital alliance with Seleucus to formalise the peace treaty: The Indians occupy in part some of the countries situated along the Indus, which formerly belonged to the Persians: Alexander deprived the Ariani of them, and established there settlements of his own.

But Seleucus Nicator gave them to Sandrocottus in consequence of a marriage contract Epigamia , Greek: The details of the engagement treaty are not known. Chandragupta married with a daughter of Suluva , the Yavana king of Pausasa. He ruled for 60 years. From him, Vindusara was born and ruled for the same number of years as his father. His son was Ashoka.

In a return gesture, Chandragupta sent war elephants , which played a key role in the victory of Seleucus at the Battle of Ipsus. According to Greek sources, the two rulers maintained friendly relations and continued exchanging presents. Classical sources state that following their treaty, Chandragupta sent various aphrodisiacs to Seleucus: And Theophrastus says that some contrivances are of wondrous efficacy in such matters as to make people more amorous.

And Phylarchus confirms him, by reference to some of the presents which Sandrakottus, the king of the Indians, sent to Seleucus; which were to act like charms in producing a wonderful degree of affection, while some, on the contrary, were to banish love. Athenaeus of Naucratis , " The deipnosophists " Book I, chapter 32 [72] [63].

In history chandragupta pdf maurya hindi

After annexing Seleucus' provinces west of the Indus river, Chandragupta had a vast empire extending across the northern Indian sub-continent from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea. Chandragupta then began expanding his empire southwards beyond the barrier of the Vindhya Range and into the Deccan Plateau. According to these texts, Moriya army chariots cut through rocks. It is unclear whether the texts refer to Chandragupta Maurya or the Moriyas in the Deccan region in the 5th century CE.

Chandragupta's army was large, well trained and paid directly by the state as suggested by his counsellor Chanakya. It was estimated at hundreds of thousands of soldiers in Greek accounts. Chandragupta Maurya applied the statecraft and economic policies described in Chanakya's text Arthashastra. They add that the evidence is not limited to texts and includes those discovered at archeological sites, epigraphy in the centuries that followed, and the numismatic data.

They wrote, "one cannot but be struck by the many close correspondences between the Hindu Arthashastra and the two other major sources the Buddhist Asokan inscriptions and Greek Megasthenes text". The empire was organised into territories janapada , centres of regional power were protected with forts durga , and state operations were funded with treasury kosa. Ancient epigraphical evidence suggests Chandragupta Maurya, under counsel from Chanakya, started and completed many irrigation reservoirs and networks across the Indian subcontinent to ensure food supplies for the civilian population and the army, a practice continued by his dynastic successors.

His rule developed land routes for transporting goods across the Indian subcontinent.

Chandragupta Maurya

Disfavouring water transport, Chandragupta expanded "roads suitable for carts", preferring these over narrow tracks suitable for only pack animals. According to Kaushik Roy, the Maurya dynasty rulers beginning with Chandragupta were "great road builders". The other major strategic road infrastructure credited to this tradition spread from Pataliputra in various directions, connecting it with Nepal, Kapilavastu, Dehradun, Mirzapur, Odisha, Andhra and Karnataka.

Chandragupta and Chanakya seeded weapon manufacturing centres, and kept them a state monopoly of the state.

The state, however, encouraged competing private parties to operate mines and supply these centres. The evidence of arts and architecture during Chandragupta's time is mostly limited to texts such as those by Megasthenes and Kautilya's Arthashastra. The edict inscriptions and carvings on monumental pillars are attributed to his grandson Ashoka.

The texts imply the existence of cities, public works, and prosperous architecture but the historicity of these is in question.

Archeological discoveries in the modern age, such as Didarganj Yakshi discovered in buried beneath the banks of the River Ganges suggest exceptional artisanal accomplishment. The competing theories state that the art linked to Chandragupta Maurya's dynasty was learnt from the Greeks and West Asia in the years Alexander the Great waged war; and that these artifacts belong to an older indigenous Indian tradition.

According to Frederick Asher, "we cannot pretend to have definitive answers; and perhaps, as with most art, we must recognize that there is no single answer or explanation".

Chandragupta Maurya Biography - Facts, Life History, Reign, Administration, Death

After Chandragupta's renunciation, he was succeeded as the Mauryan emperor by his son Bindusara , who maintained friendly relations with Greek governors in Asia and Egypt. Later, Bindusara's son Ashoka became one of the most influential rulers in India's history due to his extension of the empire to the entire Indian subcontinent and his role in the worldwide propagation of Buddhism.

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Along with texts, several Jain monumental inscriptions dating from the 7th—15th century refer to Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta together. While this evidence is very late and anachronistic, there is no evidence to disprove the idea that Chandragupta converted to Jainism in his later life. Mookerji quotes Vincent Smith and concludes that Chandragupta's conversion to Jainism provides adequate explanation of abdication and sudden exit at a relatively young age and at the height of his power.

This also indirectly confirms the possible influence of Jain thought on Chandragupta. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the genus of beetle, see Sandracottus beetle. For other uses, see Chandragupta.