Read online or Download Dois Irmãos by Milton Hatoum (Full PDF ebook with essay, research. The Spatial Construction of Difference in Milton Hatoum's Dois Irmãos. Download this PDF file. Thumbnails Document Outline Attachments. Find: Previous. The Spatial Construction of Difference in Milton Hatoum's Dois Irmãos. Marília Scaff Rocha Ribeiro. PDF · The Paradigm at the Crossroads in the Middle of the.
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PDF | This essay offers a reading of Milton Hatoum's novel Dois irmãos () through the focus on the description of space. Central to the book is the. – The year of reading Brazilian Literary Greats & unlocking the power of our minds! MILTON HATOUM (). Dois Irmãos(). See details and download book: Latest Ebooks Dois Irmaos De Milton Hatoum By Borges Karita Pdf.
The immigrants' Manaus in the works of Milton Hatoum Author: Andreeva, Yana Source document: The paper examines the themes of immigration, identity, and the city in two novels written by Brazilian author Milton Hatoum. The symmetry of the fictional worlds in Hatoum's The Brothers and Tale of a Certain Orient helps the novels establish a peculiar dialogue. By using the siteian Port Manaus as a setting for their plots, the novels tell the dramatic stories of two families of Lebanese immigrants. Apart from being a potent subject in both novels, the topic of migration is also linked to that of the process of identity reconfiguration undergone by the immigrants and their descendants.
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You can comment, review, and collaborate all your work. It lets you fill and save PDF forms, and extract text and images. Nitro Pro also has support for QuickSign, to electronically sign and return your documents in seconds. Edit PDF content like what you do in the Word processor. Nitro Pro offers useful PDF software and cloud integration. Start your PDF software free trial today. Descargar gratis nitro pro 9 descargar gratis - nitro pro The defense of the local against the universal, adequate for the purposes of a newly constituted nation—as was the case with the Roman- tic novels with indigenous themes—, has gradually lost favor as the tensions between center and periphery have shifted and as concerns about national identity have become secondary or even non-existent in recent literary pro- duction.
Hatoum refuses the label of regionalist writer precisely because of the localist paradigm it entails. Although the site plays a central role in his narratives, it is a universalist worldview that informs the conception of each of his works. The dividing line here is a space that is staged from an internal perspective, through the mediations of memory and storytelling, as opposed to a space portrayed as a backdrop only, as a picture that can be observed and analyzed from a distance.
This has been his method for all novels.
I will now discuss the ways in which the spatial references work in amplifying the debate on the possibility or impossi- bility of assimilation of differences that is one of the main aspects not only in the plot but in the conception of the novel as a whole. The reader does not understand yet who Zana is and why she has to leave every- thing.
In fact, the procedure of evoking names and elements that will only make sense later in the narrative is also present in Relato de um certo oriente and Cinzas do Norte. The result is that the pieces of this singular narrative will only fit together when read through. There is no description of the land and of the landscape separate from the human dramas of the family.
The space of the novel cannot be described in broad strokes; it has to be treaded, constructed little by little, microscopically; it is interwoven with events and circumstances particular to that family. It is in this sense that domestic space plays an important role between public and private experiences. The prominence of the house as a privileged site for the unfolding of conflicts is made explicit in the detailed description of rooms, gardens, deco- ration, in which domestic divisions point to the hierarchy of those living in it in relation to the matriarch.
Dom- ingas, in their absence, continued to clean up their rooms everyday. The house is, indeed, the epicenter of a novel that has other spatial mark- ers such as the city and the region not to mention the country and the inter- stices of immigration. In this book, Hatoum chronicles the historical transformation of Manaus and its attempt to become a modern city.
He discusses the contradictory lack of parks and green areas in Manaus, a city located in the midst of the site forest. The unfair process of urbaniza- tion and the deterioration of living conditions for the riverside inhabitants are not only chronicled in detail, but are also paralleled with the fate of the trou- bled immigrant family.
The experience of domestic migration and immigration at once echoes the multiple spaces that coexist in the city, not always peace- fully.
The meeting of the waters is again a powerful image, one that evokes the dynamics of assimilation and resistance. Of course the main opposition in the book consists of the struggle between the twin brothers, similar in appearance yet so different in personal- ity. The first para- graph of the novel, quoted above, and other passages concerning immigrant life in Manaus might give the impression of a city with open arms, in which the confluence of different spaces and origins results in a somewhat homogeneous mixture.
The final tone of the novel is one of irreconcilability, in opposi- tion to that first paragraph, in which the rubber tree and the cedars seemed to coexist in a space full of hope and optimism. Two Rivers, Two Brothers The conflict between tradition and modernity is also figured in the characters of the two brothers, Omar and Yaqub. Indeed, while many passages confirm the association of Yaqub with a modern Brazil, Omar is depicted as a traditional mal- andro. The dispute between the brothers points to a critique of the politics of development and modernization, but also of the old patriarchal system in Brazil.
His father Halim goes to Rio to fetch him, and he arrives together with the soldiers that had gone to Italy to fight in the First World War All of these events point to a modernizing discourse, which preached economic growth as the sure and fast way to secure for Brazil a place among the great nations of the world. Ele se sofisticava, preparando- se para dar o bote: minhoca que se quer serpente, algo assim. Towards the end of the narrative the hopes and dreams that surrounded the idea of modernization are unmasked.
As we have seen, the change lays less in the fact that many different peo- ples were coming to the city and more in what seems to destabilize the charac- ters throughout the novel—the lack of a clear definition of boundaries or con- traries.
It is not surprising that, as the novel progresses, it becomes more and more difficult to take sides in relation to the brothers. If in the beginning it seems natural to sympathize with Yaqub and pity him for having been sent to Lebanon against his will as a child, as well as easy to criticize Zana for overpro- tecting Omar to the detriment of Yaqub, the narrative deconstructs these cer- tainties little by little.
As I have attempted to show, the ambiguous characterization of Yaqub reflects the ambiguous nature of modernization in Manaus and in Brazil in general. The amalgamation of a historical reference with the fictional plot con- stitutes one of the many instances in which there is an overlap or a confluence between two or more disparate elements. However well integrated these ele- ments might seem to be the Catholicism of Zana and the Islamism of Halim, for example , the novel works gradually to deconstruct this apparent harmony.
I have already shown how the first paragraph of the novel foreshadows many of the topics developed throughout 46 ellipsis 9 the narrative, and especially that of the juxtaposition of spaces: the house, the city and Lebanon.
The setting of the entire novel emphasizes the multidimen- sional aspect of space. Yet, such multiplicity comes to mean different things as the narrative unfolds.
Manaus, a traditionally diverse city, goes through one more wave of immi- gration during the s at the prospect of new jobs in the electronics indus- try. The diversity brought about by the implementation of the Zona Franca is seen in a different light, as a product of an industrialization boom fueled by global- ization. What becomes lost in a superficial idea of multiculturalism is exactly the link with rooted experiences that Halim prized so much.
The synthesis is no lon- ger possible: only the harsh contrast is visible. The resort to eclecticism does not yield space for diversity—rather, it reinforces the artificiality of all those archi- tectural elements taken out of their context and the impossibility of a coherent totality.
From the perspective of the novel, neither option listed by Hall seems particularly enticing. The references to the feuding brothers from the Bible are also scattered in the narrative.
The characterization of Yaqub as calculist and vengeful has, however, a strong connection to the biblical account.
Such a reading of course presupposes that the boundaries within society are flexible enough for this kind of movement. It is exactly these notions of boundaries that would tend to crystallize during the military dictatorship. Works Cited Assis, Machado de.
Rio de Janeiro: Garnier, The Complete Poems, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux,