Netherlands - Donald Duck (Dutch) Scanned image of comic book (© Disney) cover. Wonderful, and four Donald Duck comic strips and the translations of in the Dutch translation of Alan Moore's Watchmen, where protest. Publisher's PDF, also known as Version of record. Publication date Of the Dutch comic magazines Donald Duck, licensed from the Disney Cor- poration, and.
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Donald Duck is a weekly comic book with Walt Disney characters published in the Netherlands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May Retrieved How To Read Donald Duck REMAINS ONE OF THE MOST. IMPORTANT WORKS OF . and a book on 17th-century Dutch imagery of the soldier. Wip. **** A. P. Hoes Lees ik Donald Duck, Nijmegen, Donald Duck (in the magazine Disneylandia .. now risen to Arabic, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English.
Scrooge is an elderly Scottish anthropomorphic Pekin duck with a yellow-orange bill, legs, and feet. He typically wears a red or blue frock coat , top hat , pince-nez glasses, and spats. He is portrayed in animations as speaking with a Scottish accent. Named after Ebenezer Scrooge from the novel A Christmas Carol , Scrooge is an incredibly wealthy business magnate and self-proclaimed "adventure-capitalist" whose dominant character trait is his thrift. Within the context of the fictional Duck universe , he is the world's richest person.
These alternate versions are not discussed here! You are only presented with Barks-material that was later inked by other artists. Before his comic book career started Barks was earning a living in the animated shorts studios at Disney's. This gave him valuable expertise later in his professional life. Here are two examples of Barks' encounters with the cartoon industry - one from and one from In Barks drew a page Christmas story later known as 'Silent Night' intended for WDCS, in which Donald Duck has quarrels with neighbour Jones while he and the nephews are attempting to sing carols.
In the closing scene Donald is tortured with an electric cattle prod. The editor found the story too violent and it was not published until when it appeared in the CBL Carl Barks Library. It has been since lost. To the best of Barks' recollection it was built around the Greek myth of The Apples of the Hesperides. It took place during an apple festival at which Daisy appeared as a jealous and crusty virago and her temperaments got it rejected. In Barks drew a pager later known as 'Bobsled Race' , which was never published.
The plot circled around very heated discussions between Donald and the nephews, but it proved too violent for the editor. It is now lost. It was simply archived as 'The Milkman Story' and it tells a tale about Donald being a perfect milkman, until he becomes extremely violent and revengeful towards a very irritating customer. The story was finally published in WDCS in after having been published several places in Europe. Date of sketch: Walt Kelly Published: WDCS Remarks: It is not known why Barks' art was dismissed, because it actually appeared as back cover for WDCS two months later!!!
However, Kelly substituted Daisy for Donald which seems quite odd, because the gag is about women's curlers. The Barksian art is shown here in a much later copy version from the Carl Barks Library inked and coloured by Bill Pearson.
The s Inked by: Volker Reiche Published: Danish Donald Duck paperback series Jumbobog No.
It was then painted! Observe Donald's changed way of staring. Daan Jippes Published: Barks received an idea which he then sketched. Unfortunately, the original sketch was not available for this page. The early s Inked by: By this point, Scrooge had become familiar to readers in the United States and Europe.
Other Disney writers and artists besides Barks began using Scrooge in their own stories, including Italian writer Romano Scarpa. Western Publishing , the then-publisher of the Disney crafty comics, started thinking about using Scrooge as a protagonist rather than a supporting character, and then decided to launch Scrooge in his own self-titled comic. This story along with Back to the Klondike , first published a year later in March , became the biggest influences in how Scrooge's character, past, and beliefs would become defined.
After this point, Barks produced most of his longer stories in Uncle Scrooge, with a focus mainly on adventure, while his ten-page stories for Walt Disney's Comics and Stories continued to feature Donald as the star and focused on comedy.
In Scrooge's stories, Donald and his nephews were cast as Scrooge's assistants, who accompanied Scrooge in his adventures around the world. This change of focus from Donald to Scrooge was also reflected in stories by other contemporary writers. Since then, Scrooge remains a central figure of the Duck comics' universe, thus the coining of the term " Scrooge McDuck Universe ".
In , Barks was persuaded to write more stories for Disney. He wrote Junior Woodchuck stories where Scrooge often plays the part of the villain, closer to the role he had before he acquired his own series. Under Barks, Scrooge always was a malleable character who would take on whatever persona was convenient to the plot. Those characters have appeared mostly in European comics. So is also the case for Scrooge's rival John D. Rockerduck created by Barks for just one story and Donald's cousin Fethry Duck , who sometimes works as a reporter for Scrooge's newspaper.
Another major development was the arrival of writer and artist Don Rosa in with his story " The Son of the Sun ", released by Gladstone Publishing and nominated for a Harvey Award , one of the comics industry's highest honors.
Rosa has said in interviews that he considers Scrooge to be his favorite Disney character. Unlike most other Disney writers, Don Rosa considered Scrooge as a historical character whose Disney adventures had occurred in the fifties and sixties and ended in his undepicted death  in when Barks retired.
He considered only Barks' stories canonical, and fleshed out a timeline as well as a family tree based on Barks' stories.
Later editions included additional chapters. Under Rosa, Scrooge became more ethical; while he never cheats, he ruthlessly exploits any loopholes. He owes his fortune to his hard work and his money bin is "full of souvenirs" since every coin reminds him of a specific circumstance. Rosa remains the foremost contemporary duck artist and has been nominated for five Eisner Awards. His work is regularly reprinted by itself as well as along with Barks stories for which he created a sequel.
Daan Jippes , who can mimic Barks's art to a close extent, repenciled all of Barks's s Junior Woodchucks stories, as well as Barks' final Uncle Scrooge stories, from the s to the early s. In an interview with the Norwegian "Aftenposten" from Don Rosa says that "in the beginning Scrooge [owed] his existence to his nephew Donald, but that has changed and today it's Donald that [owes] his existence to Scrooge" and he also says that this is one of the reasons why he is so interested in Scrooge.
Wealth[ edit ] Scrooge's signature dive into money The character is almost exclusively portrayed as having worked his way up the financial ladder from humble immigrant roots.
The comic book series The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck , written and drawn by Don Rosa , shows Scrooge as a young boy, he took up a job polishing and shining boots in his native Glasgow.
A pivotal moment comes when a ditchdigger pays him with an US dime , which was useless as currency in 19th century Glasgow ; he fails to notice what sort of coin he's been given until after the man has left.
Enraged, Scrooge vowed to never be taken advantage of again, to be "sharper than the sharpies and smarter than the smarties. In , after many adventures he finally ends up in Klondike, where he finds a golden rock the size of a goose's egg.
He finally ends up in Duckburg in After some dramatic events where he faces both the Beagle Boys and president Roosevelt and his " Rough Riders " at the same time, he tears down the rest of the old fort Duckburg and builds his famous Money Bin at the site. In the years to follow, Scrooge travels all around the world in order to increase his fortune, while his family remained behind to manage the Money Bin. When Scrooge finally returns to Duckburg, he is the richest duck in the world, rivaled only by Flintheart Glomgold , John D.
Rockerduck , and less prominently, the maharaja of the fictional country Howdoyoustan play on Hindustan. His experiences, however, had changed him into a hostile miser, and he made his own family leave. He keeps the majority of his wealth in a massive Money Bin overlooking the city of Duckburg. In the short Scrooge McDuck and Money , he remarks to his nephews that this money is "just petty cash ".
In the Dutch and Italian version he regularly forces Donald and his nephews to polish the coins one by one in order to pay off Donald's debts; Scrooge will not pay them much for this lengthy, tedious, hand-breaking work. As far as he is concerned, even 5 cents an hour is too much expenditure. A shrewd businessman and noted tightwad, he is fond of diving into and swimming in his money, without injury. He is also the richest member of The Billionaires Club of Duckburg, a society which includes the most successful businessmen of the world and allows them to keep connections with each other.
Glomgold and Rockerduck are also influential members of the Club. His most famous prized possession is his Number One Dime. Don Rosa's Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck notes that Scrooge amounts to "five multiplujillion, nine impossibidillion, seven fantastica trillion dollars and sixteen cents".
A running gag is Scrooge always making profit on any business deal. However, he has a sharp mind and is always ready to learn new skills. Because of his secondary occupation as a treasure hunter, Scrooge has become something of a scholar and an amateur archaeologist. Starting with Barks, several writers have explained how Scrooge becomes aware of the treasures he decides to pursue. This often involves periods of research consulting various written sources in search of passages that might lead him to a treasure.
Often Scrooge decides to search for the possible truth behind old legends, or discovers obscure references to the activities of ancient conquerors, explorers and military leaders that he considers interesting enough to begin a new expedition.
As a result of his research, Scrooge has built up an extensive personal library, which includes many rare tomes. In Barks's and Rosa's stories, among the prized pieces of this library is an almost complete collection of Spanish and Dutch naval logs of the 16th and 17th centuries. Their references to the fates of other ships have often allowed Scrooge to locate sunken ships and recover their treasures from their watery graves. Mostly self-taught as he is, Scrooge is a firm believer in the saying "knowledge is power".
Scrooge is also an accomplished linguist and entrepreneur, having learned to speak several different languages during his business trips around the world, selling refrigerators to Eskimos , wind to windmill manufacturers in the Netherlands , etc. Morality and beliefs[ edit ] Both as a businessman and as a treasure hunter, Scrooge is noted for his drive to set new goals and face new challenges.
As Carl Barks described his character, for Scrooge there is "always another rainbow". The phrase later provided the title for one of Barks's better-known paintings depicting Scrooge.
Periods of inactivity between adventures and lack of serious challenges tend to be depressing for Scrooge after a while; some stories see these phases take a toll on his health. Scrooge's other motto is "Work smarter, not harder. He seems to have gained significant experience in manipulating people and events towards his own ends. As often seen in stories by writer Guido Martina and occasionally by others, Scrooge is noted for his cynicism , especially towards ideals of morality when it comes to business and the pursuit of set goals.
This has been noted by some as not being part of Barks's original profile of the character, but has since come to be accepted as one valid interpretation of Scrooge's way of thinking. Scrooge seems to have a personal code of honesty that offers him an amount of self-control. He can often be seen contemplating the next course of action, divided between adopting a ruthless pursuit of his current goal against those tactics he considers more honest.
At times, he can sacrifice his goal in order to remain within the limits of this sense of honesty.
Several fans of the character have come to consider these depictions as adding to the depth of his personality, because based on the decisions he takes Scrooge can be both the hero and the villain of his stories.
This is one thing he has in common with his nephew Donald. Scrooge's sense of honesty also distinguishes him from his rival Flintheart Glomgold , who places no such self-limitations.
During the cartoon series DuckTales, at times he would be heard saying to Glomgold, "You're a cheater, and cheaters never prosper!
On occasion, he has even saved the lives of enemies who had threatened his own life but were in danger of losing their own. According to Scrooge's own explanation, this is to save himself from feelings of guilt over their deaths; he generally awaits no gratitude from them. Scrooge has also opined that only in fairy tales do bad people turn good, and that he is old enough to not believe in fairy tales.
Scrooge believes in keeping his word—never breaking a promise once given. Carl Barks gave Scrooge a definite set of ethics which were in tone with the time he was supposed to have made his fortune. The robber barons and industrialists of the —s era were McDuck's competition as he earned his fortune. Scrooge proudly asserts "I made it by being tougher than the toughies and smarter than the smarties!
And I made it square! When Disney filmmakers first contemplated a Scrooge feature cartoon in the fifties, the animators had no understanding of the Scrooge McDuck character and merely envisioned Scrooge as a duck version of Ebenezer Scrooge—a very unsympathetic character.
In the end they shelved the idea because a duck who gets all excited about money just was not funny enough. In an interview, Barks summed up his beliefs about Scrooge and capitalism : I've always looked at the ducks as caricatured human beings. In rereading the stories, I realized that I had gotten kind of deep in some of them: there was philosophy in there that I hadn't realized I was putting in.
It was an added feature that went along with the stories. I think a lot of the philosophy in my stories is conservative —conservative in the sense that I feel our civilization peaked around Since then we've been going downhill.
Much of the older culture had basic qualities that the new stuff we keep hatching can never match. Look at the magnificent cathedrals and palaces that were built. Nobody can build that sort of thing nowadays. Also, I believe that we should preserve many old ideals and methods of working: honor, honesty, allowing other people to believe in their own ideas, not trying to force everyone into one form.
The thing I have against the present political system is that it tries to make everybody exactly alike. We should have a million different patterns. They say that wealthy people like the Vanderbilts and Rockefellers are sinful because they accumulated fortunes by exploiting the poor.
I feel that everybody should be able to rise as high as they can or want to, provided they don't kill anybody or actually oppress other people on the way up.
A little exploitation is something you come by in nature. We see it in the pecking order of animals—everybody has to be exploited or to exploit someone else to a certain extent. I don't resent those things. In his early years, he was very friendly and generous. But the 'slaps' of society from cruel people, as well as the ungratefulness of those who he had helped to overcome their problems, made Scrooge bitter, grumpy, and arrogant. Feeling that he had been taken advantage of, he didn't want to believe that others had real problems or difficulties in their lives.
This made him seem out-of-touch at best, and selfish at worst. As a result, no one could understand his problems, including his nephew, and his great-nephews. This isolation paved the path to acquiring untold wealth and power. But despite it all, he is very loyal, and will help those he sees as in-peril or need of help.
DuckTales[ edit ] Scrooge stars alongside his great-nephews in DuckTales In the DuckTales series, Scrooge has adopted the nephews as Donald has joined the Navy and is away on his tour of duty , and as a result his darker personality traits are downplayed. While most of his persona remain from the comics, he is notably more optimistic and less hot-headed in the animated cartoon.
In an early episode, Scrooge credits his improved temperament to the nephews and Webby his housekeeper's granddaughter, who comes to live in Scrooge's mansion , saying that "for the first time since I left Scotland , I have a family". Though Scrooge is far from tyrannical in the comics, he is rarely so openly affectionate. While he still hunts for treasure in DuckTales, many episodes focus on his attempts to thwart villains.
However, he remains just as tightfisted with money as he has always been. But he's also affable and patient with his family and friends. Scrooge displays a strict code of honor, insisting that the only valid way to acquire wealth is to "earn it square," and he goes to great lengths to thwart those sometimes even his own nephews who gain money dishonestly.