Cashback (2): Get 10% cashback using RuPay cards. Max Cashback - INR if you are using RuPay card for first time on site. INR 25 if you have used. committed beyond 5*[India] in the same manner as if such act had. (Note: The IPC punishes acts of violence or discrimination based on religion. Other.. Home. Book on IPC Tamil, Indian Penal Code Tamil with apt Tamil Legal language with simple language is for better understanding about IPC Tamil.
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Introduction: Get easy understand of IPC in tamil through this app. Quick reference for every one with easy search and navigation. Features: Advanced search by. INDIAN PENAL CODE. whichby law may be tried within India): 5& Certain laws not to be affected by this Act. INDIAN PENAL CODE. &%1.(Punishment of offences committed. whichby law may be tried within India):.
It is only recently that the issue of crime against women has been transformed from a private issue into a public problem. The present study tries to explore the main causes in increasing the trend of crime against women, the effectiveness and impact of existing laws to control followed by important suggestions to prevent further commission of particular crimes in India. Women are considered as weaker sex not only from a physical point of view but also from the sociological aspect also. When we refer to Smritis, we notice that the woman has always been dependent on the man. During childhood, on her father, after marriage on her husband, and during her old age on her son.
Screen Reader Access. Home About Us Message from The. IPC Family Conference is the annual gathering. Upcoming Promotional meetings of 14th IPC. Some rooms provide access to a lounge with free continental.
It was drafted in IPC section Review: E. The Jungle Book. Page Related substances. After chromatographic system, para 1, Change to: Inject reference solution b. Simbu, Anirudh booked under IPC and. Tamil Thai Turkish Twi Urdu. IBC Tamil live broadcasting from Tamil. BOOK and we will do our absolute best to help you. Explanation 4 ins. Wrongful gain Gaining wrongfully. Losing wrongfully. A person is said to lose wrongfully whensuch person is wrongfully kept out of any property, as well as whensuch person is wrongfully deprived of property.
Fraudulently A person is said to do a thing fraudulently if he does that thing with intent to defraud but not otherwise.
Explanation A person employed temporarily or on a particular occasion in the capacity of a clerk or servant, is a clerk or servant within the meaning of this section. Explanation 2 When a person causes one thing to resemble another thing, and the resemblance is such that a person might be deceived thereby, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that the person so causing the one thing to resemble the other thing intended by means of that resemblance to practice deception or knew it to be likely that deception would thereby be practiced.
Explanation 1 It is immaterial by what means or upon what substance the letters, figures or marks are formed, or whether the evidence is intended for, or may be used in, a Court of Justice, or not.
Illustrations A writing expressing the terms of a contract, which may be used as evidence of the contract, is a document.
A cheque upon a banker is a document. A power-of-attorney is a document. A map or plan which is intended to be used or which may be used as evidence, is a document.
A writing containing directions or instructions is a document. Explanation 2 Whatever is expressed by means of letters, figures or marks as explained by mercantile or other usage, shall be deemed to be expressed by such letters, figures or marks within the meaning of this section, although the same may not be actually expressed. The acts attributed to such persons have to be proved beyond reasonable doubt and they cannot be held responsible by mere conjectures and implications.
Hoshan vs. State of A. The impact of complaints, accusation or taunts on a person amounting to cruelty depends on various factors like the sensitivity of the victim concerned, the social background, the environment, education etc. Further, mental cruelty varies from person to person depending on the intensity of the sensitivity, degree of courage and endurance to withstand such cruelty. But as has been rightly contented by the petitioner that many instances have come to light where the complaints are not bonafide and have been filed with oblique motive.
In such cases acquittal of the accused does not in all cases wipe out the ignominy suffered during and prior to trial. Sometimes adverse media coverage adds to the misery. The question, therefore, is what remedial measures can be taken to prevent abuse of the well-intentioned provision.
Merely because the provision is constitutional and intra vires, does not give a licence to unscrupulous persons to wreck personal vendetta or unleash harassment. It may, therefore, become necessary for the legislature to find out ways how the makers of frivolous complaints or allegations can be appropriately dealt with.
Till then the Courts have to take care of the situation within the existing frame work. But by misuse of the provision a new legal terrorism can be unleashed.
There is no question of investigating agency and Courts casually dealing with the allegations. They cannot follow any straitjacket formula in the matters relating to dowry tortures, deaths and cruelty. It cannot be lost sight of that ultimate objective of every legal system is to arrive at truth, punish the guilty and protect the innocent. There is no scope for any pre-conceived notion or view. It is strenuously argued by the petitioner that the investigating agencies and the courts start with the presumptions that the accused persons are guilty and that the complainant is speaking the truth.
This is too wide available and generalized statement. Certain statutory presumptions are drawn which again are rebuttable. It is to be noted that the role of the investigating agencies and the courts is that of watch dog and not of a bloodhound.
It should be their effort to see that an innocent person is not made to suffer on account of unfounded, baseless and malicious allegations. It is equally undisputable that in many cases no direct evidence is available and the courts have to act on circumstantial evidence. While dealing with such cases, the law laid down relating to circumstantial evidence has to be kept in view.
Looking into the recent observations and the increase in the misuse of this Section, there should be certain amendments which should be brought up in this law: 1. They should not encourage any woman to file a criminal case against her in-laws for trivial matters. If these organizations are found to be assisting in filing false complaints, then they should be made liable for prosecution in the country where they are functioning.
As of now there is no organization, which can really help these harassed men and his family members, to listen their side of the story and put their point of view in front of the government.
Need of the hour is to create family counseling centers across the country to help those aggrieved families.
Time bound Investigation and Trial: A speedy trial of a cases will not only ensure justice for the innocents that have been implicated in false charges, it will also lead to prompt redressal of the grievances of real dowry victims.
The reduction in false cases will also reduce the burden on judiciary and expedite the processing of real cases. Definition of Mental Cruelty: Mental cruelty has been vaguely defined in the act, which leaves scope of misuse.
This should be clearly elaborated to remove loopholes in the law. There should be provision for men also to file a case for mental cruelty by his wife. The government should create awareness among officers about its misuse. Bailable: The main reason of a being misused to harass innocent is its non-bailable nature. This section should be made bailable to prevent innocent old parents, pregnant sisters, and school going children from languishing in custody for weeks without any fault of them.
Compoundable: Once FIR has been registered it becomes impossible to withdraw the case even if wife realizes that she has done a blunder and wants to come back to her matrimonial home.
To save institution of marriage this should be made compoundable. Moreover, in the scenario where the couple decides to end the marriage by mutual divorce, continuation of criminal proceedings hamper their life.
Arrest Warrants: Arrest warrant should be issued only against the main accused and only after cognizance has been taken. Husband family members should not be arrested. Penalty for making false accusation: Whenever any court comes to the conclusion that the allegations made regarding commission of offence under section a IPC are unfound, stringent action should be taken against persons making the allegations.
This would discourage persons from coming to courts with unclean hands and ulterior motives. Criminal charges should be brought against all authorities that are collaborating with falsely accusing women and their parental families. Court Proceedings: Physical appearance of the accused on hearing should be waved or kept low to avoid hassles in appearing to the court, especially for NRIs.
The court should not ask to surrender passport of the husband and his family which could cost job of the husband and his family members. Registration of Marriage and Gifts Exchanged: The registration of marriages should be made compulsory along with the requirement that the couple make a joint declaration regarding the gifts exchanged during marriage.