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Editorial Reviews. About the Author. William Roberts Clark is associate professor of political science at the University of Michigan. He is the author of Capitalism. William Roberts Clark; Matt Golder; Sona Nadenichek Golder. Exploring the debates about political issues that drive current research, this text provides a real insight into comparative politics. Add tags for "Principles of comparative politics". The groundbreaking first edition of Principles of Comparative Politics offered the most comprehensive and up-to-date view of the rich world of.
Methodology[ edit ] The comparative method is — together with the experimental method , the statistical method and the case study approach — one of the four fundamental scientific methods which can be used to test the validity of theoretical propositions, often with the use of empirical data i. Most Similar Systems Design, or MSSD, is very helpful since it compares similar objects, it keeps many otherwise confusing and irrelevant variables in the research constant. In a basic sense, MSSD starts out with similar variables between subjects and tries to figure out why the outcome is different between the subjects. The main shortcoming that is said about this method is that when comparing countries, since there are such a limited number of them, all potential factors of explanation can never be kept altogether constant. As such, despite many possibilities of variables, there are only a limited number of cases to apply them to. There are two methods of applying MSSD, the first being a stricter application and the second being a more loose application. The stricter application implies that a researcher would choose various countries that have a number of similar variables, also called control variables, and would only differ from each other by one single independent variable.
Minor premise: The president cannot be impeached. Conclusion: Therefore, the president has not committed a criminal act. Yes B.
Major premise: If a country employs proportional representation electoral rules, it will have many parties. Minor premise: The country does not employ proportional representation electoral rules.
Conclusion: Therefore, the country does not have many parties. Major premise: If theory T is correct, all rich countries will be democracies.
Minor premise: All rich countries are democracies. Conclusion: Therefore, theory T is correct.
Minor premise: In the most recent election, votes were not translated into seats in a proportional manner. Major premise: If a country has a participant culture, then democracy in that country will be stable. Minor premise: Democracy in country X is stable. Conclusion: Therefore, country X has a participant culture.
I used this book for my comparative politics class. It's very informative but very dense and hard to read continuously. Nick Ciggelakis rated it it was amazing Jul 10, Ashrakat Elshehawy rated it liked it Jan 13, Ana Cabral rated it it was amazing Dec 28, Cyn Carpenter rated it did not like it Sep 04, Pshtiwan rated it it was amazing Mar 05, Vince Jeffrey rated it really liked it Nov 28, Caitlin rated it it was amazing Feb 11, Luke Charters rated it liked it Jan 31, Charyl Qian rated it it was amazing Mar 02, Ellen Li rated it it was amazing Dec 07, Maria rated it did not like it Jul 03, Rina rated it really liked it Sep 30, Sally rated it it was amazing Oct 12, Aaron rated it it was amazing Oct 21, Fran rated it liked it Dec 21, Erdoan A.
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About William Roberts Clark.
William Roberts Clark. Some economic historians suggest that it was actually David Ricardo's editor, James Mill, who slipped in the theory of comparative advantage which is only a short section into Principles.
They argue that the theory seems inconsistent with the bulk of the book and its labor theory of value. Comparative Advantage Versus Competitive Advantage A competitive advantage refers to a company, economy, country, or individual's ability to provide a stronger value to consumers as compared with its competitors. It is similar to but distinct from comparative advantage.
Comparative Advantage in International Trade David Ricardo famously showed how England and Portugal both benefit by specializing and trading according to their comparative advantages. In this case, Portugal was able to make wine at a low cost, while England was able to cheaply manufacture cloth. Ricardo predicted that each country would eventually recognize these facts and stop attempting to make the product that was more costly to generate.
Indeed, as time went on, England stopped producing wine, and Portugal stopped manufacturing cloth. Both countries saw that it was to their advantage to stop their efforts at producing these items at home and, instead, to trade with each other in order to acquire them. Chinese workers produce simple consumer goods at a much lower opportunity cost. American workers produce sophisticated goods or investment opportunities at lower opportunity costs.
Specializing and trading along these lines benefit each. The theory of comparative advantage helps to explain why protectionism is typically unsuccessful.
Adherents to this analytical approach believe that countries engaged in international trade will have already worked toward finding partners with comparative advantages.
If a country removes itself from an international trade agreement, if a government imposes tariffs, and so on, it may produce a local benefit in the form of new jobs and industry. However, this is not a long-term solution to a trade problem.
Eventually, that country will be at a disadvantage relative to its neighbors: countries that were already better able to produce these items at a lower opportunity cost. Criticisms of Comparative Advantage Why doesn't the world have open trading between countries? When there is free trade, why do some countries remain poor at the expense of others?
Perhaps comparative advantage does not work as suggested.