Taj Mahal - The True Story - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Those living in the.. dalema of TAJ MAHAL as a tomb of. The Taj Mahal According to one story, Shah Jahan had his main builders, architects and masters blinded and hands cut off after the structure was completed. The Taj Mahal is not just an architectural feat and an icon of luminous splendour, There is perhaps no better and grander monument built in the history of would have spent the rest of our precious life in offering prayers to the Real God.
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Taj Mahal- A “True Story” –Was It a Love Memorial or Mausoleum? By: Bipin Shah Author's Photographs of Taj from distance and close up showing the reflection. what visitors are made to believe the Tajmahal is not a Islamic mausoleum but an ancient Shiva P. N. Oak's celebrated book titled " Tajmahal: The True Story". sacrifice and a very high standard of magnanimity and moral purity which distinguish it from all soldiery anywhere in the world. The true story of taj mahal.
In case of history the world can be duped in many respects for hundreds of years and still continues to be duped. The world famous Tajmahal is a glaring instance. Tajmahal is not a Islamic mausoleum but an ancient Shiva Temple known as Tejo Mahalaya 5th generation mughal emperor Shahjahan commandeered from the then Maharaja of Jaipur. The Tajmahal, should therefore, be viewed as a temple palace and not as a tomb. Ending Mahal is never Muslim because in none of the Muslim countries around the world from Afghanistan to Algeria is there a building known as "Mahal". Unusual explanation of the term Tajmahal derives from Mumtaz Mahal, illogical in two respects: Her name was never Mumtaj Mahal but Mumtaz-ul-Zamani and One cannot omit the first three letters "Mum" from a woman's name to derive the remainder as the name of the building.
Akbar is also believed to have donated the red sandstone for this temple. Aurangzeb later demolished three stories of this temple. The four-storey temple is still present at Vrindavan. He also constructed a temple of Krishna at his capital, Amber.
When compared this with another WIKI on Vrindavan, it states that it is believed that the essence of Vrindavan was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
In the year , Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited Vrindavan, with purpose of locating the lost holy places associated with Lord Sri Krishna's transcendent pastimes. Chaitanya wandered through the different sacred forests of Vrindavan in a spiritual trance of divine love. It was believed that by His divine spiritual power, He was able locate all the important places of Krishna's pastimes in and around Vrindavan.
Here the connection of current four story temple at another location in general area built in 17th century talks about Raja Madho Singh without the name of Mansingh-1 or Akbar, so this is more applicable to relocated site from the original site where Taj stands today. Sila Devi is another incarnation of Ambika, kali or Durga who were considered consort of Siva. There is also evidence that Vishnu temple was also located inside the palace ground.
See picture. It is possible that Aurangzeb at his own expense carried out further repairs to either remodeled Palace or earlier version of Taj that may have given the looks the Taj presently have.
Aurangzeb at the age of 40 was most experienced commanders of the Islamic world, when in AD; he triumphed in Samugarh and imprisoned his once-respected father in the fort of Agra.
Aurangzeb was a learned man but barbaric in tendency but as a writer, he was elegant and very fluent in Persian language and always displayed his wit as exhibited in his various letters and other Fermans that were issued under his name.
Prince Aurangzeb mentions his mother Mumtaz Mahal several times and acknowledges his three full sisters who were Jahanara , Roshanara and Gauharara It was the birth of his last sister that killed her mother Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz is believed to have died around AD as is commonly believed that the cause of her death was the complication the deliverance of the last baby daughter of Aurangzeb.
It is believed that it took nearly 22 years to construct the Taj Mahal. We have on record a letter from Prince Aurangzeb a year earlier dated to AD. In pursuit of his power, he misled and recruited other Muslim prince brothers and a sister to his enterprise to dethrone his father and eliminate Dara Sikhoh.
He succeeded in his enterprise with the help of his brothers and loyal commander. After his accomplishments, he created several excuses to justify the killing of his Muslim brother and sisters to eliminate the competition who aided him to overthrow his father.
He piled on his oppressive method that gave birth and the rise of the Maratha and Shivaji and ultimately cost him his dynasty and his empire. That ended the Mogul history. Raja Mansingh would not publish that because it would be considered a blatant usurpation to Moguls. The letter does not mentions what other lands will be exchanged in return.
What has been to the pride of Rajputs of Rajasthan by Muslim Mogul is a shame and not permitted under Holy Koran under any pretext and those holding this mentality will achieve the same date as Mogus of India.
It is very disturbing that Congress led government distorts the true history of India and allows the glorification of falsehood of the true history. Hopefully, this article will keep the story as it should be told and taught in our schools. Raja Jayasinh was apparently outraged at the blatant seizure of the land and a palace that was standing in place of Taj Mahal that he resisted by delaying providing marble for grafting Kuranic engravings.
The three Fermans were sent to Raja Jayasinh within two years of Mumtaz death. The inside view of the place from court yard and outside view of the fort are presented below.
Various accounts suggests that the place where Taj Mahal stood was a seven storied Palace of Raja Mansingh-1 and was constructed out of red stone Fatehpur Sikri style and was probably seven storied high, partly due to raising the foundation over River Yamuna. However, one can imagine Raja Mansingh palace may have been situated beyond the front gate but probably not at the edge of the river where Taj stands with a small court yard typical of Amber place.
As far as if the land was granted initially to Mansingh-1 by Akbar that was taken away by Shah Jahan for constructing Taj Mahal, the Fermans speak for themselves. After all once they were the blood relatives. There must be enough give and take that they may have rebuilt the palace somewhere else.
More pictures of Amber fort is found at this web site: At the entrance of Amber palace, we do have the temple. Similarly, the Chittore ford also had temple of Vishnu and other Hindu goddesses. So, it should be no surprise that once Mansingh palace at Agra had some temple idols worship. As far as the official record suggests that Mansingh was the worshipper of Krishna or Vishnu.
Raja Mansingh was just few years younger than Great Akbar and became good friend of Akbar and sometimes for fun jostled together by staging a wrestling match as depicted in the painting below. It was very common and customary with all the Royal clans and Royal Palaces of the Rajasthan.
It means the temple complex existed within the palace complex. The palace at the Agra was not an exception to this rule. He is more accurate in his description. It is clear that the place was requisitioned by the Moguls from Jaipur Maharaja Jayasinh.
Eklingji temple dated to 8th century AD near Udaipur is the Shiva temple and worshipped by Hindu of India and nearby the temple of Ambaji is also a stop for pilgrims. Was it a Love memorial Dedicated to Mumtaz Mahal? This is a valid question and often ignored by the most historians and the commonly accepted representation has never been questioned. However, reviewing all histories and document sources and clear lack of statement by Shah Jahan himself that he is dedicating to or the building for Mumtaz Mahal, we have to assume that he built it for himself like all of his predecessor with an objective of making it a world class monument and for that he deserves our credits.
Aurangzeb criticizes in his letter to his father for neglect of cenotaph where Mumtaz body was housed on a temporary basis.
The Taj from the Persian and Arabic words for crown developed out of the ancient tiaras see tiara worn in the Mesopotamian valley. All the Mogul rulers from top to bottom had hundred of wives and concubines and Hindu rulers were no exception to this rule either. Shah Jahan with his excessive addiction of alcohol and the opium in his last day became very sick. He may have demolished the old palace of Mansingh or built over some part of the truncated structure like using to first two floors to build the platform for the Taj monument.
Since the time of Humayun, every mogul emperor has built a tomb memorial for himself and the members of his family. Mumtaz Mahal is not here to answer the important question that how she felt about the life of the polygamy, so it is hard to imagine the perception of Love Memorial. As we discussed earlier, the Moguls like their ancestors were nomadic people, good fighter and excellent horse riders and their material culture in arts, painting and architect was limited and borrowed from other civilization.
The tomb of Timur Lane at Samarkand is all of Persian designs. We know that Taj Mahal is a combination or Hindu and Persian architect with Mogul input for the garden. Let us first look at Jahangir whose Mausoleum stands in Lahore for some strange reason while everyone else lies in Delhi-Agra vicinity. Jahangir died at Rajauri in AD after he returned from Lahore.
He was buried on the banks of the River Ravi in the large walled garden of Empress Noor Jahan three miles northwest of the region of Shah Dara near Delhi.
Rajauri is in Kashmir and by all account Jahangir loved Kashmir. One would think that would be his natural place for his burial and the second choice will be either Delhi or Agra where his predecessors were buried. We do not have the answer but it certainly raises the question. This is a real combination of Rajput and Mogul architect combined. The construction is native in origin and simply modest. He barely survived the chase and headed to Umerkot. Akbar never forgot this act of generosity by a Hindu king.
He practiced a milder and tolerant form of Islam and controlled the hard liner. His memorial therefore is simple in nature representing both Hindu and Muslim architect. His tomb was erected by none other than the most famous lady in the history of Mughal dynasty — Noor Jahan.
This intriguing story starts with an Iranian nobleman Ghiyas Beg, who came to India on a fortune hunt. Mehrunissa was not their biological offspring but someone in their fleeing caravan was happy to give her up for adoption.
Unknown to him at that time, this young baby brings him the bountiful rewards when she grows up and becomes the famous Noor Jahan.
Ghiyas beg earned the title of Itimad-ud-daula Pillar of the State and promoted to the post of Minister by Jahangir. Mehrunissa was married to a middle rank Iranian noble man with the blessing of Akbar himself. Jahangir married Noor Jahan Mehrunissa , when she was 35 years old and she became 20th of his wives.
As Jahangir went on increasing his daily intake of the opium the empire was run by troika consisting of Noor Jahan, her father who was the minister and brother who was the commander of Mogul army. It is believed the troika had built a powerful economic empire with her trade deals with Portuguese and English traders.
The mogul treasuries were getting richer by the day. It represents a great transition in Mughal architecture from its first to second phase. From pre-Akbar days, Mughal buildings - both public and military buildings like mosque or fort and funerary buildings more personal were built in red sandstone.
But it was at Itimad-ud-daula, we see for the first time a complete mausoleum made of marble with Persian art. Just like every mogul mausoleum, there are four lush green Mughal garden and four minarets on each corner of the structure.
In order not to upset the apple cart with any other noble, Noor Jahan kept this memorial small but the base of the monument remains in the bed of the sand stones. Opium Addiction and effect on the Brain of Moguls: According to national Institute of Health the excessive use of opium can affect the brain and the entire functioning of the body. When these drugs attach to their receptors, they reduce the perception of pain.
Opioids can also produce drowsiness, mental confusion, nausea, constipation, and, depending upon the dosage. It can also depress respiration and the ability to breath. Since India for centuries controlled Afghanistan, the opium was available in abundance and was widely used in India primarily for relaxation and enjoyment as well as to reduce the pain like the use of the alcohol.
This is the one simple example I can give that why wine industries arrived late in the history. The dried latex is obtained from the opium poppy for further use Papaver somniferum. The latex also includes the alkaloid codeine and its similarly structured cousin used in many medicines as the pain remover or reducer. It also contains non-analgesic alkaloids such as papaverine and noscapine. Excessive use of opium can lead to the death. NIH described this in their medical studies: Opiates can depress breathing by changing neurochemical activity in the brain stem, where automatic body functions are controlled.
Opiates can change the limbic system, which controls emotions, to increase feelings of pleasure. Opiates can block pain messages transmitted through the spinal cord from the body. It is doubtful and questionable if either Shah Jahan or Jahangir had functioning mental abilities to make the decisions themselves as most of them were made for them.
That seems very unlikely as can be seen from the comparison below that the architectural styles are totally different. The comparison chart below should clarify the misconception. However, the ideas travel faster than anyone can imagine. A total demolition and rebuild has to be done to accommodate the construction of Taj Mahal except to use old existing fortification of Yamuna river bed with additional reinforcement.
Certain levels assumed two levels of old structure may have been used to fortify the base and Top structure of old place may have been used as a giant plat form. This is the assumption model and other variation of Palace structure is also possible. Amber fort is located overlooking the lake so it is highly likely that Raja Mansingh prefer the water view and Akbar could have easily granted to his old pal without any question.
It is highly doubtful as to what active role Shah Jahan would have played due to his addiction to opium but if he was actively involved; he played a decreasing role once Mumtaz and then Aurungzeb assumed the power.
Aurangzeb had imprisoned Shah Jahan into the Agra Fort where he lived for the balance of his life as an invalid and addict. Aurangzeb would have liked very much to do this more for his love of mother than his love for his father as he himself was not his pick of succession. Shah Jahan presented Maharajah Jai Singh with a larger palace in the center of Agra in exchange for the old seven storied palace built by Manasingh- 1st.
The letters in Jaipur archive confirms this fact. The land was excavated, filled with dirt to reduce seepage and leveled at 50 meters above riverbank. In the tomb area, wells were dug and filled with stone and rubble as the footings of the tomb.
Instead of lashed bamboo, workmen constructed a colossal brick scaffold that mirrored the tomb. The scaffold was so enormous that foremen estimated it would take years to dismantle. According to the folklore, Shah Jahan had allowed anyone to keep the bricks taken from the scaffold, and thus it was dismantled by peasants in few days.
A fifteen kilometer tamped- earth ramp was built to transport Rajasthan marble and materials to the construction site. The trains of elephants, camels and Oxen carts were used to transport the materials from the quarries to the site in Agra.
Similar teams of animal driven methods were used to pull blocks on specially constructed wagons. An elaborate post-and-beam pulley system was used to raise the blocks into desired position. The Water was drawn from the river by a series of buckets mechanism, into a various storage tanks.
See Bucket wheels of Yamuna River. The remaining parts of the complex took an additional 10 years for a total of 22 years and included minarets, mosque and Mausoleum and gateway with gardens. The entire Taj complex was built in stages. The Estimates of the cost of the construction of Taj Mahal is very difficult to estimate as the construction costs were spread over 22 years time.
This may be the ideal project for privatization like Disney theme park. The specialized Sculptors from Bukhara, calligraphers from Syria and Persia, inlayers from southern India, stone cutters from Northwest India, and a specialist in building turrets, another who carved only marble flowers were part of the thirty-seven men who formed the creative design unit of Taj. Some of the builders involved in construction of Taj Mahal under the master supervision of court appointed Ustad Ahmad Lahouri From Lahore were: Ustad Isa and Isa Muhammad Effendi of Persia Credited with a key role in the structural integrity while providing architectural design.
Qazim Khan, a native of Lahore, who supervised the casting of metal and gold. Chiranjilal, a Hindu lapidary polisher from Delhi and chief sculptor. Muhammad Hanif, a supervisor of masons Converted Hindu-India 8. Mir Abdul Karim with Mukkarimat Khan of Shiraz, Persia handled finances and management of daily production- court appointed.
At its center is the Taj Mahal itself, built of shimmering white marble that seems to reflect the color of light depending on the sunlight or moonlight hitting its surface. The construction involved the import of Italian marble that was used for calligraphy and Kuranic verses.
As per Islamic tradition, the verses from the Quran are inscribed in the calligraphy on the arched entrances to the mausoleum, in addition to numerous other sections of the complex. The real sarcophagus containing their remains lay below at the garden level. Keeping geometrical pattern in structure erection was the tradition of Mughal building architecture. In one of this side structure, there was probably a Hindu temple. As per the folklores, Shah Jahan intended to build a second grand mausoleum across the Yamuna River from the white marbled Taj Mahal called Black Taj using Black marble.
The archeological examination performed by various experts found no basis for that work. Severally addicted emperor would not have been able to implement that. In fact, Aurangzeb deposed his ailing and opium addicted depressed father in AD and took power himself. Shah Jahan lived out the last years of his life under house arrest in a secluded part of the Agra fort with a view of the majestic resting place he had constructed for himself and his wife.
He died in AD and was buried next to her, the mother of Aurungzeb.
Aurangzeb is remembered for his harsh rule and treatment of Hindu but his personal story of love affair with a Hindu lady offers a real contradiction. For whatever it is worth, it should be noted that at early period of his life and probably this was the only romance of his life was his passion for Hira Bai, renamed Zainabadi , whom he procured from the harem of his maternal uncle.
Their union was cut short by her death in the bloom of youth, which plunged her lover in the deepest grief.
However, he did not think of building another Taj Mahal for his love. Unfortunately, Aurangzeb who was more ambitious than his father could have done more for the tourists but did not give much thought. He was too busy destroying Hindu culture and adopting the destructive instincts of the Taliban. Sarkar, Jadunath , reprint A History of Jaipur, New Delhi: Download pdf. Remember me on this computer.
Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Agreshwar Mahadev i. Tradition of removing the shoes before climbing the marble platform originates from pre Shahjahan times but shoes are a necessity in a cemetery. Pitchers carved inside and mounted on upper border of the marble lattice number In India there are 12 Jyotirlingas outstanding Shiva Temples.
The Tejomahalaya being one of them known as Nagnatheshwar, parapet is girdled with Cobra Naga. Hindu treatise on architecture titled Vishwakarma Vastushastra mentions the 'Tej-Linga' amongst the Shivalingas. Agra city is an ancient centre of Shiva worship. Today worshipping is at only four prominent Shiva temples, Balkeshwar, Prithvinath, Manakameshwar and Rajarajeshwar.
In letter Aurangzeb records in A. D that several buildings in fancied burial place of Mumtaz were seven storied and were so old that they were all leaking, while the dome had developed a crack on the northern side, during Shahjahan's reign itself that the Taj complex was so old.
The Rajasthan State archives at Bikaner preserve three firmans demanding marble were sent to Jaisingh within about two years of Mumtaz's death. Had Shahjahan really built the Tajmahal over a period of 22 years, the marble would have needed only after 15 or 20 years not immediately after Mumtaz's death. Plundering of costly fixtures, uprooting the Shiva idols, planting the cenotaphs, inscribing the koran and walling up six of the seven stories took 22 years.
Peter Mundy, within a year of Mumtaz's death the places of note in and around Agra, included Taj-e-Mahal's tomb, gardens and bazaars. De Laet, a Dutch official listed Mansingh's palace about a mile from Agra fort, as an outstanding building of pre shahjahan's time.
Havell, Mrs. Kenoyer and Sir W. Hunterhave gone on record to say that the TajMahal is built in the Hindu temple style. A central dome with cupolas at its four corners is a universal feature of Hindu temples. The four marble pillars at the plinth corners are of the Hindu style. Such towers serve to demarcate the holy precincts. Hindu wedding altars and the altar set up for God Satyanarayan worship have pillars raised at the four corners.
The octagonal shape of the Tajmahal has a special Hindu significance because Hindus alone have special names for the eight directions, and celestial guards assigned to them. A wooden piece from the riverside doorway of the Taj subjected to the carbon 14 test by an American Lab, has revealed that the door to be years older than Shahjahan. Eastern building is explained as a community hall, the western building as a mosque with no minarets. How could buildings meant for radically different purposes be identical?
The embossed patterns on the marble exterior of the cenotaph chamber wall are foliage of the conch shell design and the Hindu letter "OM". Peter Mundy, in , within a year of Mumtaz's death having seen a gem studded gold railing around her tomb.
Had the Taj been under construction for 22 years, a costly gold railing would not have been noticed by him within a year of Mumtaz's death. Above Mumtaz's centotaph hangs a chain by which now hangs a lamp. Before capture by Shahjahan the chain used to hold a water pitcher from which water used to drip on the Shivalinga.