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The language for the paper is English thus candidates have no option of answering in any other language. Total marks awarded to this paper are Titles Descriptions Essay Candidates have to write an essay on a specific topic. It must be kept close to the subject of the essay to arrange the ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. The total weightage of the Paper II is marks. The questions hold a total weightage of marks. Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection of vulnerable sections.
This is a key rule for understanding subjects. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-verb mistakes. Hasty writers, speakers, readers, and listeners might miss the all-too-common mistake in the following sentence: Incorrect: A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room. Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends. Examples: My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today. Neither Juan nor Carmen is available.
Either Kiana or Casey is helping today with stage decorations. Rule 3. Examples: Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes on that shelf. Neither the serving bowl nor the plates go on that shelf.
This rule can lead to bumps in the road. For example, if I is one of two or more subjects, it could lead to this odd sentence: Awkward: Neither she, my friends, nor I am going to the festival. If possible, it's best to reword such grammatically correct but awkward sentences.
Better: Neither she, I, nor my friends are going to the festival. OR She, my friends, and I are not going to the festival. Rule 4. As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by and. Example: A car and a bike are my means of transportation. But note these exceptions: Breaking and entering is against the law.
The bed and breakfast was charming. In those sentences, breaking and entering and bed and breakfast are compound nouns. Rule 5. Use a singular verb with distances, periods of time, sums of money, etc.
Examples: Three miles is too far to walk. Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. Ten dollars is a high price to pay. BUT Ten dollars i. Rule 6.
With words that indicate portions—e. If the noun after of is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb. Examples: A lot of the pie has disappeared.
Titles Descriptions Essay Candidates have to write an essay on a specific topic. It must be kept close to the subject of the essay to arrange the ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. The total weightage of the Paper II is marks. The questions hold a total weightage of marks.
Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection of vulnerable sections. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Role of civil services in a Democracy India and its neighborhood relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora their structure, mandate. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors, Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors and charities.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Government Budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers, Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies.
Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security. Technology missions; economics of animal- rearing. Land reforms in India.