Download the Book:Bass Guitar For Dummies (3rd Edition) PDF For Free, Preface. The real fun and challenge of playing a bass guitar is that the patterns of the chords and scales never change, no matter what musical key you're in. Memorizing. Guitar For Dummies, 2nd Edition, Blues Guitar For Dummies, Classical Guitar. For Dummies, and Guitar Exercises For Dummies (Wiley). Mark Phillips is a.
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CD packages, including 50 Baroque Solos for Classical Guitar, 50 including Guitar For Dummies Cla Networking for Dummies--For Dummies; 7th Ed. In This Chapter. ▷ Differentiating between bass guitars and other guitars. ▷ Understanding the function of the bass. ▷ Checking out the parts of a bass guitar . Download the Book:Bass Guitar For Dummies 3rd Edition PDF For Free, Preface.
Once you know the notes, you can master basic chords, 7th chords, modes, and solo scales and become a truly versatile bassist. The Order of Musical Notes Knowing the sequence of musical notes is basic to understanding how to play music. Knowing how to read music is not nearly as important to bass players as it is for classical musicians. You can find the notes for the triad by playing any scale up to the 5th note, skipping every other note. Modes, or scales: In almost all songs, one mode scale predominates.
Much wiser is rather to slow it down until you can play the exercise easily and smooth. Start practicing in slow tempo. And make the same clip of the same exercises after two weeks. Of course. If you are real beginner. At the very beginning. Just be patient. I noticed that when you pronounce notes aloud. If you have some kind of recording device. Practicing is accumulative process. If you are not able to. So keywords are: I noticed one of the reasons why people do not pronounce notes aloud is that they are a bit shy.
Smile is good — laughing is not. Chapter 4 — Before you start Before you start practicing. After every single practicing session.
And when you pronounce or sing. But believe me. Lot of work and passion is behind every successful musician. I do not know how to explain it in words. As a matter of fact. In very short time. Science says. You will see improvement instantly. I guess it is because of repeating: Especially for introvert kind of persons.
You will notice that your progress is exponential. I know that some of you may ask what the difference is. Your idol. That is beyond my knowledge. So even if you do not notice small improvements after any exercise. You will need just a minutes. Be patient and persistent. This is also good practice for your entire life. And also.
I guess that would be all I wanted to say before you take your guitar. If images are too small for you. I recommend you to save them onto your computer and print them. Good luck! Play exercises all the way to the end and back. Here where I live. Do not give up easily.
I am not sure if I got the point in translation. When we reach note B on G-string we play backwards — B. This will help you to remember where to start with your practice for next time. If you are using four string bass guitar — simply disregard the left column.
We do not press anything — just pick the string. Notes with different sign. Guitar fingerboard also: Numbers show frets. Fifth string is low B. If it is too quick for you. I will repeat one more time. One famous musician said — if I do not practice for one day — I can notice that. Be patient. I am right-handed person. If you do not feel comfortable with plucking strings with fingers. Chapter 5 — Before you start- exercises for warming up and stretching fingers I suggest you to warm up fingers and hands before you start practicing scales and positions.
Just put the fingers onto fingerboard. For all these exercises set metronome on tempo Vertical line bar lines separates time signature - so play in. Do not worry if it seems it is too slow. Remember the good news. After less than a week you will start to realize it is not so hard — it is easy.
I would recommend somewhere on the middle of your fingerboard. It is allowed to raise tempo when you are able to play exercise nice.
When you reach top form. If frets are too far for your hand. If you rush while you are still not able to speed things up — you are on good track to screw things completely. And if I do not practice for three days — audience starts to notice. If it is still too quick — do not be afraid to slow down even more. One of things that they actually do is the same as sportiest — they train to achieve and keep good form.
You have probably already heard when some famous musicians. G 2 … and so… Remember at very beginning it is hard. At very beginning it is ok just to play one single note. There is big chance that you will not set your fingering correctly.
These few exercises are also excellent for stretching hands. One finger. If I do not practice for two days — critics will notice that. Do not worry about this. Numbers match fingers. Put fingers on whatever position on your guitar.
You play: If you are just starting — I guess you will even feel a bit of pain in your hand. Repeat every exercise at least eight times. After a while. Stretching exercise No 1. But for start. It looks simple. I do recommend these exercises. You can move hand up. Stretching exercise No 5. Stretching exercise No 9. E and F notes. From that point. Notes that you play in this position are: For four string guitar: On E string — play.
It is actually Phrygian mode of C-major scale. F — index finger 1. D note is played with open string. B and C notes. On B string. G — ring finger 3. B — middle finger 2. On A string — play open A. A and B notes For five string guitar. But having in mind that I will also use extended scheme for five-string guitar. C — ring finger 3.
A - index finger 1. E — middle finger 2. On D string — play open D. Fingering is: B is played with middle finger 2. F — ring finger 3. F and G notes. If you are on five-string guitar — you can call it C position — first tone on five string bass in this position is note C.
C and D notes. On A string — we play B.
On A string: Fingering for second position is: On D string — we play E. For five string guitar. But just to remind you. Notes to play in this position are: On E string — we play notes: G note is played with middle finger 2.
C is played with middle finger 2 and note D is played with pinkie 4 On D string: Just to check: G note is played with pinky 4 and finally On G string: D and E. D is played with middle finger 2 and note E is played with pinkie 4 On D string: On G string: On E string — play notes: Fingering for third position is: Note G is third note within C-major scale. A note is played with middle finger 2. On D string — play F and G notes. Location is on third fret on E string.
Note D is played with index finger 1. On A string — play C.
E and F. Just to check — have you played slowly. D and E notes. If you are on five-string guitar — you can call it D position —first note on five string bass in this position is note D. On D string: G — index finger 1. C note — index finger 1. What he basically did is that he changed my self- taught, and wrong way of playing. My fingering and positions I used were not really the best.
I was able to read chords and phrases, but this saved me a lot of work later. When I think about that today, I cannot precisely recall how I played instrument before this fine tiny tabular user manual. So, if you are on wrong way, as I used to be, or you are beginner, with help of this book you will not lose lot of time on inappropriate learning, and practicing, and my mission with this book will be completely accomplished.
Reasons why this book is great 1-When you read all of this, and go through these exercises, you will be able to go to the next levels of learning your instrument.
It is similar like driving you actually do not think all the time where is throttle or brake pedal, or how to switch gears, or what steering wheel does. These activities become high- trained automated operations. You do not think about these you simply KNOW them. More about this book Intention of this book is to show you correct fingering and positions on your instrument, and to get you practice.
You will learn your instrument fingerboard very well, and, at any time, you will know exactly where your hand is, and where are notes that you want to play.
In other words, at any time, you will understand your instrument. Understanding your instrument is main goal of this book, and main goal for me. Also, I hope, if playing your instrument was just hobby for you, and you were close to give it up, you will not quit, but keep on going.
And maybe, being a musician will become your next occupation just like it was my, for 21 years. If I would know that in five years from now, this book of mine, will somehow produce new colleague professional musician, I would already be happy right now, in advance. So good luck, and dont give up. I guess, I will repeat this few more times in this book until the end be patient, do not give up easily. When you get over all of it, actually you will see, it is not that hard at all.
In fact, it was quite easy. Chapter 1 - General terms O. In this book I will talk about two, lets say, types of bass guitars: four-string guitar with strings G, D, A, and E , and five-string bass guitar everything is the same, but it has one more thick string which is low B string.
I played five string electric bass guitar most of my professional career as a musician. If you think about downloading your very first guitar, even if you are on budget, I would suggest you to take five-string guitar into your consideration.
If the money is not issue, I recommend you to take look onto Music Man bass guitars, my favorite instruments. From my professional perspective, these are one of the best serial produced guitars on the market. These are excellent for live gigs, and in studio recording as well. Hands are, well, hands. Left one and right one. Guitar pick, if you decide to use it I recommend some really big and hard ones.
In rare situations, I use Dunlop 2mm nylon, but as I already said I rarely use guitar picks. I prefer fingers of my right hand. If you decide to use guitar pick anyway, my advice would be to try different types and sizes, and choose the one you like most. The same is for right hand. Most of time, I use index finger, middle finger and third finger ring finger for picking strings with.
In some rare situations, I use right thumb, for slapping technique for example. But that is not my favorite technique; so honestly, I do not use it much. Strings are steel, or other metal strings on your guitar that produce sound while vibrating. Strings are stretched in between bridge at the bottom of guitar, and nut at the top of guitar neck. We press strings all over the neck fingerboard to produce sound. Strings will be marked with their standard respective notes G thin , D, A, and E thick one on four-string electric bass , and low B on five-string electric bass guitar.
Actually, it is much easier for playing - you have two octaves at any given position, plus, you have low D note, and all up to low B. From the other hand, six- string bass from my point of view, which is being bass player in nightclub band is not way to go. Six-string bass in my opinion is handy for, I call it, -guitar players that somehow always wanted to play bass but never got it in good way.
Im kidding, of course, - anyhow, - I am pretty sure that your first instrument will not be 6-string bass, so, if at some point you decide to switch onto 6 string guitar you will be able to extend positions and fingering in that direction. You will see, everything is actually easy, logical, and repetitive. Remember these three words easy, logical, and repetitive. I use. Fingerboard or fretboard is plate with brass frets on the front part of your instrument, practically it is guitars neck.
Illustrations included in this book are parts of fingerboard. Frets are marked with numbers. Open strings are marked with zero 0 fret. It is also called nut. So nut is marked with number zero 0 , first fret with number one 1 , and so on.
Number marks are on the right side of drawing. On the left are notes marked with capital letters in boxes. These markings match notes for the five-string bass guitar. So, it is corresponding note on given fret on fingerboard on low-B string.
Positions are referred to positions of left hand on guitar neck. I will explain them in general, and I will explain every position separately. Positions are the main part of this short book. Fingering is referred to the way you use your left hand fingers while playing.
Specific note within specific position is played exclusively with certain finger. Not the other one. Please, pay your full attention to this. Do not try using different fingering because at start it looks easier.
It is not. You will make a huge mistake. If you are self-taught musician, as I am, there is possibility that you use wrong fingering. If it is the case you will have to invest some extra time to repair this wrong way of playing, just like I did it, but benefits are justifying this investment of your time.
You will set your hand and fingering correctly, and at the end, you will be able to play whatever you play in easy and correct way. Tempo should be considered as speed you play music.
I suggest you to use metronome for setting up tempo while practicing. You can use mechanical metronome or electric device, or you can even find one online. When it is set to tempo, it will click times in one minute, which means one click every half of second. My first hit on Google search for metronome online was free website with nice and usable metronome, easy to set, and easy for use. I would suggest you to try that as well, if you do not have some kind of external device.
Note could be defined as sound itself. When we play some articulated sound on our instrument, we say that we played some note. Also, term note is used for sign in musical notation. On our instrument, we actually play 12 chromatic notes. After all twelve notes, - thirteenth note has the same name as the first one. For example, on four string bass guitar, on our E-string, first note open string , is note E.
Also, on 12th fret on E string, we have note E. Difference in between two of these is that note E on 12th fret has exactly double frequency from the first one.
We say it is one octave higher. In some countries, there are slight differences in marking for example, in Germany, note B is marked with H. So, if you have some exercise, or musical writing with H marking, it is B note or chord. And if you have B note in same exercise or song it is lower B - Bb B flat. So, just dont be confused. Bass guitar tuning. Nowadays, almost all musicians have guitar tuner.
It is small electric device with analog or digital display. Almost all the models can tune guitars and bass guitars. These are affordable and handy. Especially, modern amplifiers do have guitar-tuner out so even when you mute amplifier, for example in pause in between songs on live gig, you still can use tuner, if you notice that your instrument went out from tune.
Back in days when I started learning, we had musical tuning fork metal fork which produces note A Hz frequency when hit, and leaned on instrument resonator box.
When first electronic tuners became available on market, these were pretty expensive at that time. Anyhow, standard tuning for four stringed bass is first string is tuned at note G G2. Second string is tuned at note D D2 , third note is tuned at note A A1.
Its frequency is 55Hz. Remember the Hz frequency? And finally, fourth string is tuned at note E E1. For five string bass guitar, standard tuning is the same, and fifth string is tuned at note B B0.
For so called tenor tuning on five string bass, we have one thin string below G string C string C3. For six string bass guitar, we have all six strings starting on C, up to low B. I personally use standard five string bass guitars. Physically, we tune bass in following way: tune thin string at tone G.
When we press D string at fifth fret, we tune it to sound exactly the same as string G played in open position. Then, we press A string at fifth fret, and tune it until it sounds exactly as open D string. After that, we press E string on fifth fret, and tune it to sound exactly as open A string, and finally, we press B string on fifth fret, until it sounds exactly the same as open string E.
So for example, if we still have these old music forks, we tune corresponding string onto these sound, and after that, we use method mentioned above. Also, first hit on bass guitar tuner online in Google, takes me on correct directions. So, you should download yourself tuner, but, also remember this basics on how to tune bass. For example, when you have live gig, you can be faced with real problems.
You forgot your guitar tuner in studio that you use for practicing. Or tuner run out of battery. Or whatever reason you will be faced with no tuner situation. Almost all the models can tune guitars and bass guitars.
These are affordable and handy. Especially, modern amplifiers do have guitar-tuner out so even when you mute amplifier, for example in pause in between songs on live gig, you still can use tuner, if you notice that your instrument went out from tune.
Back in days when I started learning, we had musical tuning fork metal fork which produces note A Hz frequency when hit, and leaned on instrument resonator box. When first electronic tuners became available on market, these were pretty expensive at that time. Anyhow, standard tuning for four stringed bass is first string is tuned at note G G2. Second string is tuned at note D D2 , third note is tuned at note A A1. Its frequency is 55Hz.
Remember the Hz frequency? And finally, fourth string is tuned at note E E1. For five string bass guitar, standard tuning is the same, and fifth string is tuned at note B B0. For so called tenor tuning on five string bass, we have one thin string below G string C string C3. For six string bass guitar, we have all six strings starting on C, up to low B.
I personally use standard five string bass guitars. Physically, we tune bass in following way: tune thin string at tone G. When we press D string at fifth fret, we tune it to sound exactly the same as string G played in open position. Then, we press A string at fifth fret, and tune it until it sounds exactly as open D string. After that, we press E string on fifth fret, and tune it to sound exactly as open A string, and finally, we press B string on fifth fret, until it sounds exactly the same as open string E.
So for example, if we still have these old music forks, we tune corresponding string onto these sound, and after that, we use method mentioned above. Also, first hit on bass guitar tuner online in Google, takes me on correct directions. So, you should download yourself tuner, but, also remember this basics on how to tune bass. For example, when you have live gig, you can be faced with real problems. You forgot your guitar tuner in studio that you use for practicing.
Or tuner run out of battery. Or whatever reason you will be faced with no tuner situation. So its good to know how things work. At that situation, most probably, you will have to tune manually and by your ears asking colleague keyboard player for some assistance. The staff: sometimes you will see some notes on some lines with some bars and so on net consisting of five lines, and four spaces in between is called the stuff.
It is also divided with bar lines, into measures. So, measure is the space in between two vertical bar lines on the staff. We can also use bar lines if we use chord root writing for example, U2s big hit from late eighties chord writing is: D A Bm G and it is repeating for almost all the song.
Remember this chord combination as well - most of modern pop music basically uses this combination or combination of this combination. Notes might be different, but it is the same ratio in between chords and notes.
If it sounds a bit strange now, dont worry - You will understand it much better later. Clef sign together with sharps and flats b indicates key signature. G clef for example is used to show position of note G on the staff, and have one sharp sign on the first top line of the staff. Also in notation we have natural sign , but in this book we will not use it.
Actually, we wont use any sharps or flats as well. Just plain c-major scale notes. Time values of notes: are related with time signatures. Numbers next to clef sign, like fraction are time signature. For example waltz time signature is three quarters. This means that in waltz, we have three beats or three counts for one measure, with quarter note receiving one beat, or count. And for rock or blues we have four beats or counts per measure with quarter note receiving one beat or. I wont use staff, clef sign, or time signatures and classical notation in this book, but I found it useful to mention.
When you master this manual, youll have batter clue why. Also when you go to next level of learning I think this will be useful as well. If we play same scale, but starting from some other note, in music theory, these scales are called C-major scale modes. Logically, if we have seven basic tones, also we have seven modes: Ionian corresponding to Cmaj7 major scale.
Main idea of playing through positions is not to make big moves with whole hand on guitar neck, or trying to find notes randomly, but rather to learn notes and get use to them, and just move fingers. I will explain seven, or I can say eight positions. The last position will be actually reflected first one, but with slightly changed fingering, having in mind that we play empty or open strings in first position.
Every position refers to specified C major mode, or lets say refers to appropriate note from C-major Cmaj7 scale. In this book, I will name them by numbers, and notes. Numbers are here instead of other names, so first position will be named first because it is the first note within Cmaj7 scale on our guitar it is note E on four string bass, and note B on five string bass guitar.
So first position starts with open strings played with zero fret , second position starts on first fret from note F with four string, and note C with five string bass, and so on When I learned positions, I preferred note naming at that time, I still used four string bass guitars - so first position was E-position, second one F-position and so on. Having in mind that this book covers both four string, and five string bass guitars, that is the reason that Ill stick for number-naming rather that note.
For example: I rather call the first position first position, than E, or B position, because on five string guitar, when we play the notes on B-string, everything else is completely the same. We can say that B-string basically was addition to four string bass. Chapter 4 Before you start Before you start practicing, there are few extremely important things that you should have in your mind all of the time.
Start practicing in slow tempo. Actually, always use tempo that you are able to play exercise smooth, easy, and crisp. If you are not able to, lets say, repeat some exercise eight times with no single mistake you should not rise up tempo. Much wiser is rather to slow it down until you can play the exercise easily and smooth, with no mistakes.
So keywords are: smooth, easy, crisp. Of course, at the very beginning, you will not be able to play exercise in a way that for example I do it but do not worry about this at all. Practicing is accumulative process. So even if you do not notice small improvements after any exercise, believe me there are some.
After every single practicing session. In very short time, you will start to notice that your technique is improving. If you have some kind of recording device, such as an iPhone, or android phone, or camera with movie recording option, or whatever, record short clip of yourself when you start practicing, at the very beginning.
And make the same clip of the same exercises after two weeks, and after one month, and then compare these clips. You will see improvement instantly. Cool, right? If you are real beginner, and you have just started, this can sound discouraging, but I have good news, it is not. Remember, every big star had hard time at his beginnings. Your idol, if you have one - too. Lot of work and passion is behind every successful musician. Actually, lot of hard work is behind any successful person at any given skill, or occupation, or whatsoever.
As a matter of fact, when you drill yourself in direction that you play any given exercise easy, smooth and clean you will be able to raise tempo quite easily. So important thing at beginning, is just to be patient, and not to give up.
And in very short time you will be amazed with results. You will notice that your progress is exponential. At the very beginning, at the very start, it really is a bit hard, but after just short amount of time and effort progress will be noticeable on daily basis. Just be patient, and dont rush. Also, when you start practicing, try to pronounce aloud, or if it is a bit easier for you, actually sing the names of notes that you play. Yes, I know that some of you may ask what the difference is.
But believe me, pronouncing aloud or singing , makes a BIG difference. I do not know how to explain it in words. That is beyond my knowledge, but in real life, I noticed that when you pronounce notes aloud, brain just memorize things much better. I guess it is because of repeating: if you say notes only by heart, from your memory, without sound, you repeat that note only once. I noticed one of the reasons why people do not pronounce notes aloud is that they are a bit shy, especially kids.
Somehow, they do not feel comfortable with it. Especially for introvert kind of persons. So, if you actually bought this book for your youngsters, please do not laugh on them, but rather offer them your full support with your smile. Smile is good laughing is not. Again, especially for introverts.
Science says that introvert people actually are more creative than extroverts. So, in short terms, start practice in slow tempo, and pronounce notes aloud, or sing them. Play exercises all the way to the end and back. Of course, this applies on all modes and exercises. Be patient and persistent. Do not give up easily. This is also good practice for your entire life, get yourself tempo that you can sustain, and never give up, and if the sky is your aim, you will reach the sky.
I am not sure if I got the point in translation, but anyhow I decided to leave it here. Also, my recommendation for you is just to fly over this whole book first. You will need just a minutes, not hours, promise. This will help you to remember where to start with your practice for next time.
And also, it will help you to get general impression what this book is all about. If images are too small for you, I recommend you to save them onto your computer and print them, or to make sketches with free hand. So, I guess that would be all I wanted to say before you take your guitar, and do some serious business.
So, grab your guitar, and get to work! Good luck! Following image show fingerboard of five string bass guitar. Fifth string is low B. If you are using four string bass guitar simply disregard the left column. Numbers show frets. Zero fret matches empty or open strings.