by Mark Phillips and Jon Chappell. Guitar. FOR. DUMmIES‰ . Chapter 4: The Easiest Way to Play: Basic Major and Minor Chords. This is the FREE pdf version. You may print and use this People learn to play guitar for different reasons, from self-amusement, the amusement of friends, to. lessons will help you achieve your guitar goals and get you playing the guitar and having fun. . You have a choice when you start to learn to play guitar. Do you.
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Learn & Master Guitar. “It's easy to play any musical instrument: all you have to do is touch the right key at the right time and the instrument will play itself.”. Why oh why, you may ask, does the world need another beginning guitar method ? The simple reason, as any experienced guitar teacher will tell you, is that. This ebook is more than just one person wanting to help others play guitar more effectively. The inspiration guitar. This includes advice on careers, “Scary Stories,” detailed lessons on playing popular songs PDF format. Blues Grooves for.
The method and the mp3 audio files are copyrighted. The only prerequisite that is obligatory is your desire to learn, and the patience to understand that everything being taught in this method is important in learning how to play the guitar. This method can be used in a class situation or for individual instruction. This method will move rather quickly into short musical selections utilizing the free stroke. The pieces in this method are either composed by the author or original classical guitar pieces that have been edited by the author.
With Lesson 14 a reference sheet is provided to help you find notes for the free stroke pieces. Avoid writing note names and frets in the music.
Feel free to copy this method for your friends, but please leave the credits intact. Electric guitars should not be used with this method. If you do not own a guitar yet, your best choice would be a classical guitar. The classical guitar uses six nylon strings, with the three bass strings being silver wound.
The steel string guitar, as the name implies, is strung with six steel strings. The body of the steel string guitar is also slightly larger than that of the classical guitar.
It is possible to use a steel string guitar with this method, but in my opinion it would be better for a beginner to use the classical guitar, since most music presented in this method has been written for classical guitar. Classical guitars are available to the beginning guitarist for about dollars. The best guitars for their price are available in Mexico. Japanese guitars are more expensive, but they are still a good product for their price.
The best choice for a classical guitarist would still be a guitar from Spain, which is not quite as easy to find. When you choose a guitar make sure that it feels comfortable, and that there are no buzzing sounds when you strum the strings. A nice full sound on the high strings is more desirable than a strong bass string sound. Saez Ibanez Feel free to copy this method for your friends, but please leave the credits intact.
First you will hear the high E-string first string. The tricky part is this; the first string is the one closest to the top of the page or screen , and the sixth string is almost always closest to the bottom of the page. That means the first string is at the top, and the sixth string is at the bottom. Some students insist on having it written the other way, because it seems backwards.
You better get used to it! These numbers represent the frets on your guitar. You should be starting to put the pieces together now. To recap, there are six strings on your guitar. Each line on a tab sheet represents a string. The best choice for a classical guitarist would still be a guitar from Spain,.
When you choose a guitar make sure that it feels comfortable, and that there are no buzzing. A nice full sound on the high strings is more desirable than a strong. Some trustworthy brands: Takamini Valenciana P. Machine Heads. Sound Hole. For now we will tune the guitar with use of the tape Lesson one, track one. First you will hear the. Try to match the sound of your E-string to the sound of the E-string that is on the. The E-string will be played a couple of times.
Listen to it as much as you need to. Follow your. If you think you have matched the sound on the tape, you will probably be correct.
If the strings. When the first string is in tune listen to the sound of the second. Tuning a guitar is not as hard as you might think, but it will take some practice. So if it takes a while.
This sign appears at the beginning of every line of guitar music. The purpose of the treble. The quarter note: Quarter notes are half as long as half notes, so they will receive 1 beat each. The eighth note: Eighth notes can be notated in two ways. A single eighth note will usually be notated like this:. Eighth notes are half as long as quarter notes. So two eighth notes have to be played in the same time it takes for one quarter note to be played.
It is called time signature, and it appears at the beginning of every musical selection or exercise. They can appear in any form. Sometimes the 44 symbol may be substituted for the symbol: We usually practice rhythms by clapping them, so we do not have to worry about playing the guitar at the same time. Naturally you will not hear the notes sustained, but rather only the beginning of each note.
Left Hand: Right Hand: Seating Position: There are two ways of holding the guitar. In the regular position you would put the guitar on the right leg. In the classical position it is resting on the left leg, while your left foot is placed on a footstool. Either position has advantages and disadvantages. Choose the one most comfortable to you. Classical Position Regular Position.
As a preparation to playing notes on the guitar, we need to practice the rest stroke first on the open strings. Place the index finger of your left hand on the high E-string and pluck it. You will then rest your i ndex finger on the next string.
Now repeat the same motion with your middle finger. Once the middle finger rests on the second string lift up the first finger again. You can think of the rest stroke as a type of walking motion. Exercise 4. Play each string four times. When you get to the low E-string, the motion will stay the same, even though there is no string left to rest your fingers on.
Listen to the exercise first before trying it. Your fingers should be almost straight, and in order to keep them that way your whole hand needs to move up when the lower strings are played. You are now ready to start learning the different pitches playable on the guitar. The exercises given in lessons will teach you the different notes you can play on each string of the guitar, starting with the high E- string.
Do not write numbers in the music to tell you what fret to play a certain note on. You will not learn the notes this way. Be patient. It will take some time and practice before you will have the notes memorized. Place the fingers of the left hand just before the fret that is indicated.
Do not place in directly on the fret. The first finger should be on the first fret, the second finger on the second fret etc..
Practice Hints: Always practice slow. Try to play the correct rhythm right away. Do not just play through the piece. Find the hardest measures and spend most of your time on those. Illustration of Left hand Position of the Thumb. Dotted Rhythms: A dot behind a note prolongs the note by half its value. Up to B, the stems of the notes will point up. When notes are higher than the B the stems will point down.
The B stem can point either way. A tie connects two notes of the same pitch. So two quarter notes tied equal one half note. There are some low notes, playable on the guitar, which can not be notated without adding extra lines to the staff. For these low notes, we will still use the rest stroke. This Note Drill will help you to make sure that all the notes are learned well enough to go on to. It is a good idea to go through this exercise before each practice session.
If you have difficulties remembering certain notes go back to appropriate exercises. If we put a sharp in front of it it becomes C sharp and is played on the second fret. E- F the distance is one fret B- C the distance is one fret. So E sharp and F are identical. The same is true for B sharp and C. Since these notes sound the. Flats are used to lower the pitch of a note by one fret. The symbol used is b. For example: This D is played on the 3rd fret. If we put a flat in front of it it becomes D flat and will now be played on the second fret.
Accidentals may appear anywhere within a piece of music. However, they will last only for one measure. In the example the sharp in front of the first C will also be applied to the second C of that measure. The Cs of the second measure will be played on the first fret again.
If we do not want the sharp from the example above to be valid for the whole measure, we can put a natural sign in front of the second C sharp and it would become a regular C C natural again. The natural cancels any sharp or flat for one whole measure. Rests in music carry the same importance as notes. Rests are also counted like notes. Each note value has a corresponding rest:.
These exercises should be clapped or tapped the same way as in the first rhythm lesson. Remember not to clap when there is a rest. Sometimes it can be confusing to read guitar music since it can have up to four different lines of music.
Usually when the stems go up they indicate the melody line, when they go down the bass line.
Each line has to have as many beats as are indicated in the time signature. The first note played would be the bass since the melody has a rest on the first beat. While the low A keeps sounding you would play the second and third beat of the melody. It is possible to have more than 2 lines of music, but the same rules as above would still be valid. Once you have counted the beats of each melody line as in the above example, you can simplify it to the following version.
No left hand, all open strings. Put your thumb p of the right hand on the 5th string. Your middle finger i on the G string, middle finger m on the E string. Now pluck each string lightly, without resting your fingers on the next string. The wrist and the fingers will be curved, and not as straight as in the rest stroke. Order in which to pluck strings: Remember that notes are played at the same time when they are arranged vertically. The repeat.
Whenever you play a classical guitar piece, always look ahead to the next measure. In this prelude, for example, you can put the fingers. Prelude Prelude in a Minor in A minor Key signatures, just like the time signatures , are always marked at the beginning of each piece,.
The key signature shows that all Fs and Cs are raised one fret throughout the entire piece,. You can check your progress in music theory by completing this self test. The answers to all the. A 5th fret of the E string.
This new note is the low D. You have to tune the low E- string down until it matches the pitch of your open fourth string. It will be one octave below the open forth string. Practice measures 2, 6 and 14 before playing through the piece. Watch the right hand. The eight exercises in Lesson 19 will teach you new time signatures and also new note values. The quarter note gets the beat.
The top number indicates how 4 many beats per measure, while the bottom number indicates which note receives the beat. In this set of exercises the sixteenth note is introduced. There are 4 sixteenth notes per quarter beat. One way to subdivide sixteenth notes is:. When there are more than one sixteenth note the notes can be connected by two bars:. One way to subdivide: You can clap these exercises, or play them on the open E-String.
The next two pieces contain everything you have learned so far. They were written by famous composers who were also accomplished guitarists. Each piece presents different difficulties.
Expect to practice at least two to four weeks to be able to. You have come a long way. Try to play not just the notes but play musically. In other words, play it the way you would like to hear somebody play it for you.
Do not be fooled by the sixteenth notes. This piece should not be played too fast. In the third measure there is a B which should be played on the fourth fret of the G string instead of the open B string. The D stays in its regular place. A number in a circle tells you what string to play that note on.