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HOW TO DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR OWN HOUSE PDF

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The ultimate goal of the Build Your Own Barden (B.Y.O.B.) Program is to create a home to match your attention to all phases of the Design/Build process. . Both dimensions focus on the Owner's requirements for the house and site. As such. Regardless of whether you contract their services or elect to design your own, the house you build will be built for you. Let us develop a culture of safety in all our buildings, not just doing the minimum and the cheapest, but building houses that will safeguard families and assets in.


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Timber Frame Homes, and the National Association of Home Builders. Janice received On a personal note, Kevin wants to acknowledge Mark Levy for his coaching as well as Tim Chapter 6: Engineering and Plan Approval: Bureaucracy. everything you asked for except a basement, a den, or a two-car garage. With new construction you have the opportunity to custom design your own house. a more casual, open floor plan, which allows you to easily customize your . room is one of the most commonly used flexible spaces in his house designs.

Show less Building your dream home can be one of the most exciting and rewarding projects you can undertake. Getting the opportunity to plan out each step of the process and make the decisions about your building project is a big responsibility, and can be overwhelming for even the most experienced do-it-yourselfers. Taking the scope of the project into account before you get started can help make the process go a lot more smoothly. Learn the proper ways to find the right location, design your home, acquire the correct permits, and breaking ground.

Prefab trusses, however, are engineered with lighter, smaller lumber for maximum strength. There are some trusses for attics with high-pitched roofs and dormers, as well as more traditional roofs. Research your options and choose something that works well for your home. Set each truss in the correct location. Generally, this means 24 inches Attach hurricane clips or other connectors to secure them, plumb the center of each truss, and temporarily support them with a rat run bracing near the peak.

Install diagonal gable bracing for a roof with gable ends to prevent the roof frame from leaning when you install the roof decking. For a hip roof, install king rafters and hip rafters, being careful to keep the adjacent plane of the roof consistent and straight.

Nail a sub-facia board to connect the ends of each rafter. Build outlookers to support the gable overhang and gable facia boards, if used.

Deck the trusses or rafters with plywood, oriented strand lumber, or nominal lumber such as 1 x 6 inch 2. In areas where high winds or snow-loading accumulation is possible, make sure the roof decking is secured and structurally able to withstand these severe forces and conditions. Use appropriate bracing and fasteners for this scope of work. Install roofing felt for use as a moisture barrier.

To make sure the elements don't set you back as you're working, it's important to install a moisture barrier on your roof even before it's completed. Use 15 or 30 pound 6. Begin felting the decking at the lower edge, allowing it to hang over slightly, and overlap subsequent layers to keep water from getting under this moisture barrier. Install the exterior siding and exterior features such as windows and doors.

Many locations require some type of metal flashing to prevent water from penetrating the edges and the gables, but you may be able to seal them sufficiently with caulking if it is permitted and you are able. Install your final roof. You may choose painted sheet metal panels, rolled steel formed to lengths needed on site, or shingles, terra cotta tiles, or other materials, depending on your preference, costs, and products available at your location. Consider ridge vents, attic exhaust fans, vented dormers, and other architectural details which can increase the comfort of your house while decreasing cooling costs in hot climates.

Install pipes for potable water , waste drains, and drain vents in walls. These can be capped off to trim out after the walls are finished, especially if the local codes require pressure testing before finishing may be done.

Install HVAC air conditioning and heat ductwork, air handlers, and refrigerant piping. Stub out your ductwork for return air and supply air registers. Insulate the ductwork if it is not pre-insulated, and seal all joints. Fasten ductwork as needed to prevent movement and ensure the your conduits are flush.

Rough-in electrical outlets. Most likely, there will be electrical outlets, light fixtures, and special wiring required for large appliances like water heaters, stoves, and air conditioning that will be necessary to do as soon as possible. Install the main electrical panel box, and any sub-panels your design requires, and install wiring from these to each device. Commonly, 12 Romex cable is used for ordinary lighting and outlet circuits, and nail-in electrical boxes are attached to the wall studs, with the front edge protruding to allow for the finished wall material to be flush.

Install insulation. Insulate walls where it is required. Depending on the climate, you will want to get location-specific guidelines for this area of work, as warmer climates will use substantially less insulation in the walls than colder areas.

Insulate the spaces between ceiling joists and walls. Install your ceilings. Gypsum wallboard made of drywall or sheetrock is a common material used for this application, but there are other products including acoustical ceiling tiles, beaded plywood paneling to simulate planking , and even natural wood lumber that are commonly used for creating solid ceilings. Install plumbing fixtures as necessary. Install the bathtub, shower enclosure, and any other large plumbing fixtures which will interface with finished walls.

Make sure plumbing rough-ins are correctly located, and pipes are protected and securely anchored. Install the wall board or paneling on interior walls.

Traditionally, builders will use gypsum wallboard, wood, or masonite paneling for this purpose.

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There are many interior wall products available, so the installation process will depend on the material used. Place wall trim. Put up any trim you are using for baseboards, crown mouldings, and corners, and install your interior doors and jambs. If you are using natural wood trim and mouldings, you will want to paint the walls prior to this step.

How to Build a House (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Pre-finishing the trim before installing will make the final finish easier, but any nail-holes will probably still need attention after installation. Caulk, paint, and install wall coverings on any walls that require it. Most likely, you will want to prime wallboard, then apply a finish coat. Use a paint roller where possible, cutting-in with brushes around appurtenances and in corners. Be sure to trim out the electrical devices, install lights and other fixtures, and install breakers in panel boxes if they were not pre-installed.

Install cabinets and other mill work. You will probably need at least basic kitchen storage cabinets and a bathroom vanity cabinet for a sink, other cabinets may include a bar, upper storage cabinets, and lower units with drawers for kitchen utensils and supplies. Install flooring. For hardwood or composite floors, this trim is installed after the floor is finished. Install appliances and have the utilities turned on.

To start checking to make sure everything is working appropriately, activate the water and electricity to start experimenting with your handiwork. Adjust the jobs as necessary and work on finishing the house to a state at which you'll want to move in and start enjoying your new home. A plan is the top view of the layout of your house.

A rough plan will show only the location of the various rooms and their dimensions, with plumbing and lighting points marked. A detailed plan is used by the builder and shows the exact dimensions of the building so that everything built ties in neatly with everything else with no gaps or pieces sticking out.

Yes No. Not Helpful 21 Helpful It will depend on the house, as size, location and style all make a large difference. If you want to know what kind of materials you'll need, plan your house then work backwards -- once you know the specific measurements of what you want to build, then you can decide on materials.

Otherwise, such a general question cannot be answered with any accuracy or ease. Not Helpful 27 Helpful Do you have to have a permit, and as an architect can I do it myself? Yes, a permit is almost always needed to build a house in most countries. If you feel that you're capable of designing the house yourself, of course you can do it. You'll need to check the local regulations on any requirements relating to the designer and certifications relevant to your qualifications. Not Helpful 25 Helpful The land is the foundation of the house and should reflect the quality of your home.

If the land does not provide a strong, stable foundation for the house, it may be necessary to elevate the home on stilts or sink deep piles into the bedrock to support the floor slab. Alternatively, it may be possible to excavate the building site and use clean fill to create a properly compacted site. Not Helpful 28 Helpful Not Helpful 23 Helpful It is optional, but one advantage is that it tells the builders where the pipes should be for things like a sinks, toilets etc. Basically, the more planning you do, the more smoother the building process will be.

Not Helpful 16 Helpful It depends on many factors, cost of land, materials used, features desired, and which professionals are needed to build it for you, to name a few. Not Helpful 46 Helpful Not Helpful 18 Helpful Only if you know exactly what you're doing; and it would take a very long time.

It's a lot easier to hire a professional. Not Helpful 38 Helpful Yes, as long as you get permission from the local council planning and building warrant departments. That's a crucial step. Not Helpful 15 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.

Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Building codes require various inspections at different stages of construction, so they are not included in steps. Some basic inspections may include: Foundation inspection, prior to placing concrete footings Slab and plumbing rough-in, prior to placing concrete slab Framing inspection, after decking is installed on roof, prior to shingles or other roofing Electrical rough-in Plumbing rough-in may include a pressure or leak test Percolation testing, for permitting septic tanks and lines, especially strict near streams and bodies of water.

Mechanical rough-in for ductwork installation Final inspections on each scope of work Coordinate temporary electrical power with your local utility. Use a project plan to organize your thoughts and timelines. This process can take anywhere from a few months to a few years, depending on the size of the home, the availability of contractors, how much time you are willing to commit, etc.

Warnings It's not going to be cheap! You may build in stages and add on were that planned and depending on what is allowed by permits and inspections. In cities and developments one is often not allowed to live in a mobile home or in a garage; a small house built first could eventually become a garage if floors were so designed, or a 4 room house can become a 6 room house, by additions, attics can be finished years later, etc.

Don't end up with a half finished house and nowhere to live and very little money. Plan your finances in advance. Things You'll Need Land and materials. Edit Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To build a home, first design it with an architect. Did this summary help you? Made Recently View more 6 total. Add a photo Upload error. Awesome picture! Tell us more about it? Click here to share your story. House Building Print Edit Send fan mail to authors.

Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 2,, times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. About This Article. April 25, LB Leo Brignac Jan It walks you through the complete building process, start to finish, plus odds and ends that you didn't realize.

AS Alyssa Slater Jul 5, I wanted to hire construction workers to build an office building for my company only.

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I needed to know the specific requirements to build an office building, and now I know! JJ Jimmy Jamieson Jul 1, There is always room to learn and get different styles of building and certainly what downloaders want. I did find this entertaining. This is a helpful site for anyone wanting advice. Thank you. AP Aparna Pandey Jul 26, It proved to be a great guide. LH Leah Hipolito Oct 25, I'm planning to build my home, and I didn't have knowledge how to start.

Thanks a lot. H Holly, Jordan and Charlie Mar 15, BA Barry Allen Mar 20, It got me through my whole project and saved me from getting a bad grade.

NK Netsanet Kassa Sep 30, It helped me to have a general overview how to construct a home.

Tariq Idrisi Jul 6, Rated this article: KG Kumar Gurung Jun 6, It helped me a lot in planning of my house construction. Thank you very much. MD Marilyn Dunn Jul 30, M Michael Sep 25, NI Nabila Islam Mar 28, MS Mohammed Saad Nov 8, Awesome stuff. RJ Roshan Jack Oct 21, Jun 21, Just perfect. VV Vijaysanthya Vijayaraja Sep 25, Thank you! CS Carlene Saunders Aug 28, Jermain Baptiste Jul 27, DK David Kafile Jul 26, SK Siva Kumar Dec 3, Toan Nguyen Aug 8, RH Ray Hanam Jan 22, BB Buddy Bambino Oct 23, RS Raquel Soto May 30, Be sure to ask your builder about his or her specific policies and procedures.

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It also gives us a chance to offer a one-on-one conversation that may not be the same via email. Prepare construction site and pour foundation Often, site preparation and foundation work are performed by the same crew, but this may not be the case with a wooded lot.

Using a backhoe and a bulldozer, the crew clears the site of rocks, debris and trees for the house and, if applicable, the septic system. The crew levels the site, puts up wooden forms to serve as a template for the foundation and digs the holes and trenches. Footings structures where the house interfaces with the earth that supports it are installed. If your home is going to have a well, it will be dug at this point.

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If the home has a full basement, the hole is dug, the footings are formed and poured, and the foundation walls are formed and poured. If it's slab-on-grade, the footings are dug, formed and poured; the area between them is leveled and fitted with utility runs e.

Once concrete is poured into the holes and trenches, it will need time to cure. During this period, there will be no activity on the construction site.

After the concrete is cured, the crew applies a waterproofing membrane to the foundation walls; installs drains, sewer and water taps and any plumbing that needs to go into the first-floor slab or basement floor; and backfills excavated dirt into the hole around the foundation wall.

This inspection may be repeated depending on the type of foundation slab, crawl space or basement. Your builder will then remove the forms and begin coordinating step No. Complete rough framing The floor systems, walls and roof systems are completed collectively known as the shell or skeleton of the house. Plywood or oriented strand board OSB sheathing is applied to the exterior walls and roof and windows and exterior doors are installed. The sheathing is then covered with a protective barrier known as a house wrap; it prevents liquid water from infiltrating the structure, while allowing water vapor to escape.

This reduces the likelihood of mold and wood rot. Complete rough plumbing, electrical and HVAC Once the shell is finished, siding and roofing can be installed. At the same time, the electrical and plumbing contractors start running pipes and wires through the interior walls, ceilings and floors.

Sewer lines and vents, as well as water supply lines for each fixture, are installed. Ductwork is installed for the heating, ventilation and air conditioning HVAC system, and possibly the furnace.

HVAC vent pipes are installed through the roof and insulation is installed in the floors, walls and ceilings. After the roofing goes on, the house is considered "dried in. Wiring for telephones, cable TV and music systems is included in this work. Note that HVAC ducts and plumbing are usually installed before wiring, because it's easier to run wires around pipes and ducts than vice versa.

Most likely these will be three different inspections. At this stage, drywall also known as plasterboard, wallboard or gypsum board is delivered to the building site. One of the most important qualities of insulation is its thermal performance or R-value, which indicates how well the material resists heat transfer. Most homes are insulated in all exterior walls, as well as the attic and any floors that are located above unfinished basements or crawl spaces.

The most common types of insulation used in new homes are fiberglass, cellulose and foam. Depending on the region and climate, your builder may also use mineral wool otherwise known as rock wool or slag wool ; concrete blocks; foam board or rigid foam; insulating concrete forms ICFs ; sprayed foam; and structural insulated panels SIPs.

Blanket insulation, which comes in batts or rolls, is typical in new-home construction. So is loose-fill and blown-in insulation, which is made of fiberglass, cellulose or mineral-wool particles.

Another insulation option, liquid foam, can be sprayed, foamed-in-place, injected or poured. While it costs more than traditional batt insulation, liquid foam has twice the R-value per inch and can fill the smallest cavities, creating an effective air barrier. Fiberglass and mineral-wool batts and rolls are usually installed in side walls, attics, floors, crawl spaces, cathedral ceilings and basements.

In areas where the insulation will be left exposed, such as basement walls, the batts sometimes have a special flame-resistant facing. Complete drywall and interior textures; start exterior finishes Drywall is hung and taped so the seams between the boards aren't visible, and drywall texturing if applicable is completed.

The primer coat of paint is also applied after taping is complete.