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Indian Public Administration. Ramesh K Arora & Rajni Goyal. April 8, xaam org · Share this on WhatsApp · image_pdf image_print · Download. Source. Indian Public Administration. Ramesh K Arora & Rajni Goyal. [only one Chapter]. Integrity In Civil Service. Download or. Download or. Download. Results 1 - 16 of 21 Administrative Theories: Approaches, Concepts and Thinkers in Public Administration. 1 December by Rakesh Hooja and Ramesh K.
It is a unique treatise on the environment, structure, functioning, behaviour, impact and problems of the Indian Administrative System. The book has been organized into nine parts: Part one discusses the evolution of Indian administration Kautilya, Mughal and the British influences. Part two explains the Indian constitutional setting, including salient features, value premises, constitutionalism, parliamentary democracy, the Union judiciary and Union-State relations. In Part five, Area Administration, the role of Collector, urban local bodies and panchayati raj have been discussed. Part six elaborates the structure of civil services, public service commissions of the union and states and civil service training.
Basup or Pandey. Modern Public Administration - Nigro and Nigro. General Reference Books for Public Administration To put the subject in its proper context the historical development evolution o f public administ ration discipline of the subject should be studied with great emphasis. Public administration in theory and practice - M. Sharma and B.
Introduction : Meaning, s cope and significance.
Evolution and status of the d iscipline. Comparative Publ ic Administration and Development Administration. Pub lic and Private Administra tion: State versus market debate. New Pubic Administra tion. New Public Manageme nt perspective. Ideas of Mary Parker Follett and C. Behavioral Approach, Syste ms approach. A dministrative Behaviour : Decision making with special reference to H. Simon , c ommunication and control, leadership theories. Theories of motivation Maslow an d Herzberg 5.
Accountability and Control : The concepts of Accountability and c ontrol : Leg islative, executive and judicial control. Citizen and Administratio n: Role of ci vil society, people's participation and Right to Information. Relations with the Political Executive; Administrati ve Ethics.
Financial Administration : Budget: Concepts and forms. Formulation and execut ion of budget, deficit financing and public debt, Accounts and Audit. Union Government and Administration in India.
Public enterprises: Patterns, role performance and imp act of liberalization. Generalists and Specia lists. Minister-Civil Servant relationship. Given the time constraint, a well-thought out strategy makes the difference betw een success and failure. Intensive and focused approach built on analysis needs to be scrupulously adhered to.
Some ingredients of a 'smart strategy' are: Buil ding a general overview Perusal of question papers of previous years Identificat ion of 'thrust areas' for concentrated pursuit Examination-bias Adequate writing practice for time management and evolving right content Continuous review of pe rformance and appropriate corrections At least two weeks before the examination, writing exercises should be sto pped and the entire attention should be on revi sion.
It's equally important that the student should be conversant w ith the contemporary and the current developments of socio-political and econom i c nature that have a close bearing on the functioning of the administration. F or example, changing governors; direct grants to panchayats; economic reforms wi th a human face; globalisation and administration; second generation reforms and t he social infrastructure; right to information and participative development.
Amassing information is a big 'don't'. Candidates should be able to identify 'c o re areas' which cannot be avoided in the context of the mains examination and co nsolidate.
Most importantly, study and writing practice should reinforce each ot her. Writing practice holds the key to success. It ensures legibility, time mana gement and adherence to word limit. Effective introduction, logical build u p and balanced conclusion send the right signals to the evaluator. Every questio n nee ds to be studied carefully to understand the exact requirements.
For insta nce, s ome years ago, in the mains examination, the office of the Prime Minister was gi ven and some took it for Prime Minister's Office.
Several times, the que stions a re general in nature and not direct. For example, criminalisation of po litics an d politicisation of crime; public sector enterprises are neither publi c nor ente rprises; recruitment of recruiters needs to be streamlined and planni ng in India needs to be depoliticised. For short questions, answers should be di rect and precise.
In a long essay, intr oduction should be appealing and effecti ve. Elaboration of the theme should be p roperly prioritised. Sequencing should be done in such a manner that one paragra ph logically follows from another. Dep ending upon the paper I or II, apt illustr ations add value. While answering a q uestion on welfare administration, the conc ept of welfare needs to be supplemen ted with the initiatives undertaken by the g overnment highlighting the differen t types of programmes, the coverage and the r esource profile.
Unlike general st udies, public administration requires interpre tative skills, ability to correla te theory and practice; and synchronise convent ional with the current.
For exam ple, presidential activism in India; budget as a n instrument of socio-economic transformation; citizen-administration interface and e-governance; regulation an d development; development and delivery models. Students need to be exhaustive with their preparation, which should be based on 3Cs - comprehensive, clarity and critical approach.
Structure of Public Organisations: In GS, a general approach to public sector is required whereas in Public Administration, the approach to this is actually amp lificati on of government policy.
This question will never come in GS. The na ture of this question is provocative and you need to respond with a positi ve at titude. Your reply could begin with:''Public sector still fulfil nation's g oal of welfare Administrative Behaviour: This topic is a real challenge and students need to be thorough with a concept like motivation. They need to be thorough with atleast three thinkers which include Maslow, Herz berg and Macgregor.
They need to make a comparative account of all three of them. The year preceding, a quotation from Macgregor's original book of quotation wa s given. Accountability and Control: We are in a parliamentary system and studen ts need t o be clear about Parliament and its functions. They should read books on governa nce by Arun Shourie and Bimal Jalan.
They also must be conversant on how Parliam ent functions in all aspects. Section B Administrative Reforms: This is a dynam ic area as the emphasis is on technology. Students need to be thorough with legi slations like Right to Information, rende ring administration through people-cen tric institutions like panchayats and naga r palikas.
Concepts like social audit ing and participatory governance need to be studied in detail. Comparative Publi c Administration: You need to read thinkers like Riggs.
Earlier , public adminis tration was centred around Western concepts whereas the focus is now on third wo rld countries like India. Students are expected to be familiar w ith issues like governance, rural development, privatisation and human rights in Brazil, China and South Africa. Development Administration: Students need to approach this top ic with an open mi nd and with some amount of reading.
They need to follow inter national trends on how technology is impacting administration across third world and elsewhere. Thi s is relevant for India as there is a political dimension to the whole concept a s it deals in issues like federalism and decentralisation. It has a dimension of administration where you deal with various aspects like po verty alleviation, em powerment, retraining and administration machinery.
Public Policy: It's a challenging topic and students need to be aware about Dror who s poke maximum on issues related to public policy. Students need to be aware of ho w the country is developing particularly on issues related to disinvestmen ts.
S tudents need to be aware of anti-poverty programmes and how employment-gene rati on schemes have evolved all these years. Financial Administration: This topic is routed in Indian practices. You have iss ues like Parliament and Comptroller an d Auditor General of India CAG and how d o they function but students have to be absolutely clear on these issues. There i s premium on latest knowledge like t he PM's and finance minister's recent speech es as well.
Paper II Indian Adminis tration : Section - A Evolution of Indian Administration: Areas which are crucia l include criminalisat ion of politics and politicisation of crime, President's rule, Federal system in context of coalition government, fiscal and monetary pol icy. Constitutional framework: President, Parliament and judiciary: These are im porta nt but students should not follow the conventional mode while preparing fo r main paper. Questions are generally twisted and they need to muster facts whil e givi ng right interpretation.
Like in GS, the questions will deal with discret ionary power of Governor Article whereas for public Administration, they m ight as k, ''Governor is an agent of centre''. In Public Adminis tration, they might ask, ''Panchayats are not development delivery vehicle, they are an i ndependent tier of governance in true Gandhian spirit''. Students need to read n ational dailies to prepare for these kind of topics.
The PMO has acquired enormous importance during the last three to f our decade. Students should focus on how the relationship between PMO and Cabine t Secretariat has evolved under these c i rc u m s t a n ce s. Ne wspapers and j ournals should be good source of information on this issue. State Government and Administration: Students need to be thorough with the Sarka ria Commission's report on Centre-State relations and National Commission to Rev iew the Working of Constitution report which was submitted in District Adm inistration and Local Government: The changing role of collector vis -a-vis tech nology, District Rural Development Authority, District Development Au thority, s tructure of panchayats and nagar palikas.
There should focus on on iss ues like Right to Information, Cyber Governance.
The constitutional aspect and functions of these institu tions need to be studied. They need to further focus on Pub lic Interest Litigation, ju dicial activism which includes extra ordinary interv ention by Supreme Court and High Courts in order to restore dwindling public fai th in system because of decl ining public morality at highest level.
Administrat ive Reforms: Queries on Right to Information, social audit, panchayat i raj, Vol untary R e t i re m e n t Schemes are part of the administrative refor ms.
Machi nery for Planning: Student need to focus on Planning Commission and how the role has changed during all these years. They need to find out that whether Pla nnin g Commission should be merged with Finance Commission in the context of libe ral isation.
Students can gather information from national newspapers, periodical an d journals. Administration of Law and Order: The role of central and state agenc ies in the m aintenance of law and order and articles published on these issues should be giv en top priority Welfare Administration: This is an evolving area a nd there is no specific readin g material available on this issue. Students need to go through annual report of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Writ ing: Application is the key while writing this paper. Avoid jargon and abbre via tion, be precise. Premium is on accuracy, insightfulness and application. Public Administration Prelims This subject has become very popular as a prelims optional. The name field is required. Please enter your name. The E-mail message field is required. Please enter the message. Please verify that you are not a robot.
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