Although the International Cricket Council is the global Governing Body for On 1st October , the 6th Edition of the Code of Laws came into force. ICC CRICKET WORLD CUP - PLAYING CONDITIONS. Except as varied hereunder, the Laws of Cricket ( Code 5th Edition - ). BEARS Rules Season p1. Revised August In instances where no rule or regulation is written to cover the situation, the normal rules of Cricket.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|ePub File Size:||27.35 MB|
|PDF File Size:||11.62 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
MCC Laws of Cricket - Code - 6th Edition Updated: October Law 2 - Substitutes and Runners, Batsman or Fielder leaving the Field, Batsman. Official documents outlining ICC cricket rules and regulations. Information for players ICC World Cricket League Championship Playing Conditions The new Code of the Laws of Cricket was released digitally on 11th April The MCC Laws of Cricket provide the framework around which all.
The Laws of Cricket is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket worldwide. The earliest known code was drafted in and, since , it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club MCC in London. There are currently 42 Laws always written with a capital "L" which outline all aspects of how the game is to be played. MCC has re-coded the Laws six times, the seventh and latest code being released in October The first six codes prior to were all subject to interim revisions and so exist in more than one version. Cricket is one of the few sports in which the governing principles are referred to as "Laws" rather than as "rules" or "regulations".
Whilst we actively encourage cricket to be played in a hard but fair manner, we do expect the Spirit of Cricket to be adopted. Umpire Courses. Scorer Courses. Courses Explained.
Umpire Gradings. MCC Laws of Cricket.
Middlesex Cup. Middlesex Club T Laws of Cricket Code.
Middlesex Women. Middlesex U ECB Club Championship. Middlesex CCC. The modern straight bat was introduced as a consequence, replacing the old "hockey stick" bat which was good for hitting a ball on the ground but not for addressing a ball on the bounce. In a match between Chertsey and Hambledon at Laleham Burway , the Chertsey all-rounder Thomas White used a bat that was the width of the wicket.
There was no rule in place to prevent this action and so all the Hambledon players could do was register a formal protest which was signed by Thomas Brett , Richard Nyren and John Small , the three leading Hambledon players. As a result, it was decided by the game's lawmakers that the maximum width of the bat must be four and one quarter inches; this was included in the next revision of the Laws and it remains the maximum width.
The main innovation was the introduction of leg before wicket lbw as a means of dismissal. The practice of stopping the ball with the leg had arisen as a negative response to the pitched delivery.
As in , there is nothing about the bowler's delivery action. The maximum width of the bat was confirmed following the incident in There were only two stumps then, with a single bail. In their second innings, Kent scored , leaving Hambledon a target of 48 to win. Small batted last of the Hambledon Five and needed 14 more to win when he went in. He duly scored the runs and Hambledon won by 1 wicket but a great controversy arose afterwards because, three times in the course of his second innings, Small was beaten by Lumpy only for the ball to pass through the two-stump wicket each time without hitting the stumps or the bail.
These were the overall dimensions and the requirement for a third stump was unspecified, indicating that its use was still not universal.
The main difference was in the wording of the lbw Law. In , this said that the batsman is out if, with design, he prevents the ball hitting the wicket with his leg. In , the "with design" clause was omitted and a new clause was introduced that the ball must have pitched straight.
By mutual consent between the teams, the pitch could be rolled, watered, covered and mown during a match and the use of sawdust was authorised. Previously, pitches were left untouched during a match. This included gender-neutral language except that the word "batsman" was retained , and a code of conduct.
The 46 inches between the popping and bowling creases, specified in , was increased to 48 inches in After the width of the wicket was increased from eight to nine inches in , the bowling crease was by default reduced in length by half an inch on each side. Whitewash was not introduced until the second half of the 19th century, following a suggestion made by Alfred Shaw. At the end of the 17th century, the two-stump wicket then in use is believed to have been 22 inches by six inches.
Its circumference was ruled as between nine and 9. In , the over was increased to six balls. The over in Australia and some other countries has at times varied from the English but, from , the six-ball over has been worldwide.
Legislation against "throwing" was first attempted in when roundarm was coming into use. It was ruled then that the bowler's hand on delivery must not be above the elbow. In many matches, this rule was flagrantly disregarded and matters came to a head in with the roundarm trial matches. There was no control over bowling action until when it was ruled that the bowler's hand on delivery must not be above his shoulder.
In , overarm bowling was authorised. The rule allowing either of the umpires to call a no ball was introduced in In , it was allowed after lunch on the second day; and in at any time on the second day. It was not until that a declaration on the first day was authorised. The deficit changed a few times in the 19th century until, in , the follow on became optional after a deficit of runs, which remains the position for first-class matches other than Tests, in which the deficit is It was changed to "must be delivered straight" in and then reverted in A campaign to have "must pitch straight" omitted began in but failed to gain the necessary majority at MCC.
In , the Law did change, following a two-year trial period, to allow dismissal after the ball pitched outside the off stump. The revised wording was confirmed by inclusion in the code  and remains part of the code.
Custodianship of the Laws remains one of MCC's most important roles. The process in MCC is that the sub-committee prepares a draft which is passed by the main committee. Certain levels of cricket, however, are subject to playing conditions which can differ from the Laws. At international level, playing conditions are implemented by the ICC; at domestic level by each country's board of control.
The code of Laws consists of: Preamble to the Laws;  42 Laws see below ; 5 Appendices, adding further definitions to the Laws; Setting up the game[ edit ] The first 12 Laws cover the players and officials, basic equipment, pitch specifications and timings of play.
Law 1: The players. A cricket team consists of eleven players, including a captain. Outside of official competitions, teams can agree to play more than eleven-a-side, though no more than eleven players may field.
There are two umpires, who apply the Laws, make all necessary decisions, and relay the decisions to the scorers. While not required under the Laws of Cricket, in higher level cricket a third umpire located off the field, and available to assist the on-field umpires may be used under the specific playing conditions of a particular match or tournament. There are two scorers who respond to the umpires' signals and keep the score.
Law 4: The ball. A cricket ball is between 8. A slightly smaller and lighter ball is specified in women's cricket, and slightly smaller and lighter again in junior cricket Law 4.
Only one ball is used at a time, unless it is lost, when it is replaced with a ball of similar wear. It is also replaced at the start of each innings, and may, at the request of the fielding side, be replaced with a new ball, after a minimum number of overs have been bowled as prescribed by the regulations under which the match is taking place currently 80 in Test matches.
Law 5: The bat. The bat is no more than 38 inches The hand or glove holding the bat is considered part of the bat. Ever since the ComBat incident, a highly publicised marketing attempt by Dennis Lillee , who brought out an aluminium bat during an international game, the Laws have provided that the blade of the bat must be made of wood. The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 22 yards The Ground Authority selects and prepares the pitch, but once the game has started, the umpires control what happens to the pitch.
The umpires are also the arbiters of whether the pitch is fit for play, and if they deem it unfit, with the consent of both captains can change the pitch. Professional cricket is almost always played on a grass surface. This law sets out the dimensions and locations of the creases. The bowling crease, which is the line the stumps are in the middle of, is drawn at each end of the pitch so that the three stumps at that end of the pitch fall on it and consequently it is perpendicular to the imaginary line joining the centres of both middle stumps.
The popping crease, which determines whether a batsman is in his ground or not, and which is used in determining front-foot no-balls see Law 21 , is drawn at each end of the pitch in front of each of the two sets of stumps. The popping crease must be 4 feet 1. Although it is considered to have unlimited length, the popping crease must be marked to at least 6 feet 1. The return creases, which are the lines a bowler must be within when making a delivery, are drawn on each side of each set of the stumps, along each sides of the pitch so there are four return creases in all, one on either side of both sets of stumps.
Each return crease terminates at one end at the popping crease but the other end is considered to be unlimited in length and must be marked to a minimum of 8 feet 2. Diagrams setting out the crease markings can be found in Appendix C. Law 8: The wickets. The wicket consists of three wooden stumps that are 28 inches The stumps are placed along the bowling crease with equal distances between each stump.
They are positioned so that the wicket is 9 inches Two wooden bails are placed on top of the stumps. The bails must not project more than 0. There are also specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail.
There are different specifications for the wickets and bails for junior cricket. The umpires may dispense with the bails if conditions are unfit i. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the Laws. When a cricket ball is bowled it almost always bounces on the pitch, and the behaviour of the ball is greatly influenced by the condition of the pitch.
As a consequence, detailed rules on the management of the pitch are necessary. This law contains the rules governing how pitches should be prepared, mown, rolled, and maintained. The pitch is said to be 'covered' when the groundsmen have placed covers on it to protect it against rain or dew.
The Laws stipulate that the regulations on covering the pitch shall be agreed by both captains in advance.
The decision concerning whether to cover the pitch greatly affects how the ball will react to the pitch surface, as a ball bounces differently on wet ground as compared to dry ground. The area beyond the pitch where a bowler runs so as to deliver the ball the 'run-up' should ideally be kept dry so as to avoid injury through slipping and falling, and the Laws also require these to be covered wherever possible when there is wet weather.
There are intervals during each day's play, a ten-minute interval between innings, and lunch, tea and drinks intervals. The timing and length of the intervals must be agreed before the match begins.
There are also provisions for moving the intervals and interval lengths in certain situations, most notably the provision that if nine wickets are down, the lunch and tea interval are delayed to the earlier of the fall of the next wicket and 30 minutes elapsing.
Play after an interval commences with the umpire's call of "Play", and ceases at the end of a session with a call of "Time".