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THE DARK TOWER VII: THE DARK TOWER Therefore, Constant Reader, this final book in the Dark Tower cycle is dedicated to you. STEPHEN KING TO ED FERMAN who took a chance on these stories, one by one. THE GUNSLINGER page The Dark The Dark Tower 5 - The Wolves of. The world's bestselling author returns to his beloved Dark Tower King, S.. THE DARK TOWER VII THE DARK TOWER BY STEPHEN KING THIS IS.

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He does so and once it appears, Susannah says goodbye to Roland and crosses over to another world. Mordred finally reaches and attacks Roland. Oy viciously defends his dinh, providing Roland the extra seconds needed to exterminate the were-spider. Oy is impaled on a tree branch and dies.

Roland continues on to his ultimate goal and reaches the Tower, only to find it occupied by the Crimson King. They remain in a stalemate for a few hours, until Roland has Patrick draw a picture of the Crimson King and then erase it, thus wiping him out of existence except for his eyes. Roland gains entry into the Tower while Patrick turns back home. The last scene is that of Roland crying out the names of his loved ones and fallen comrades as he had vowed to do.

The door of the Dark Tower closes shut as Patrick watches from a distance. The story then shifts to Susannah coming through the magic door to an alternate s New York, where Gary Hart is president.

The Dark Tower (The Dark Tower, #7) by Stephen King

Susannah throws away Roland's gun which does not function on this side of the door , rejecting the life of a gunslinger, and starts a new life with alternate versions of Eddie and Jake, who in this world are brothers with the surname Toren. They have only very vague memories of their previous journey with Susannah, whose own memories of Mid-World are already beginning to fade. It is implied that an alternate version of Oy, the billy-bumbler, will also join them.

In a final "Coda" section, King urges the reader to close the book at this point, consider the story finished with a happy ending, and not venture inside the Tower with Roland. For those who do not heed the warning, the story resumes with Roland stepping into the Dark Tower. He realizes that the Tower is not really made of stone, but a kind of flesh: it is Gan 's physical body.

The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower.

As he climbs the steps, Roland encounters various rooms containing siguls or signs of his past life. When he reaches the top of the Tower, he finds a door marked with his own name and opens it.

Roland instantly realizes, to his horror, that he has reached the Tower countless times before. He is forced through the door by the hands of Gan and transported back in time to the Mohaine desert , back to where he was at the beginning of The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger , with no memories of what has just occurred.

The only difference is that, this time, Roland possesses the Horn of Eld, which in the previous incarnation he had left lying on the ground after the Battle of Jericho Hill. Roland hears the voice of Gan, whispering that, if he reaches the Tower again, perhaps this time the result will be different; there may yet be rest.

If we catch that wave, it will be quite a ride. While most surfaces in Euclidian space are orientable e. The Mobius band can best be explained by recreating the strip using a piece of paper. The paper strip is to be twisted and then joined at the ends so as to form a loop.

Vii pdf dark tower the

However, the aforementioned is not by far the only variety of the Mobius band, but is purely one that is, unlike other more complex variants, most easily recreated in Euclidian space. What would be different, however, is that that very same object would now be inverted horizontally. Additionally, if one were to use a paper model of the Mobius belt, they would be able to notice that the object is now not only inverted horizontally, but is also on the other side of the paper strip.

Even though the object would technically be on the other side, for the object itself it would seem as though it has remained on the same side since it did not at any given moment during its trip around the band need to cross the edge of the paper to get to its current location hence calling the Mobius band a one sided surface.

Dark pdf vii the tower

If one were to assume that time consisted of the same properties as the Mobius band, it would be made possible to avoid some of the temporal paradoxes present in conventional time travel theories. For example, the grandfather paradox is one of the temporal paradoxes that could, under the assumption that time takes the form of a Mobius band, be easily avoided.

In the case of Jake Chambers and the Way station problem, the solution to the grandfather paradox via the assumption of the Mobius band would assume the following structure: Jake Chambers and Roland Deschain are nothing but objects traversing across the folded strip of paper that is time.

At one point Jake is alive in the 70s New York. Upon meeting the boy Roland travels to the 70s New York in order to prevent his death 17 and succeeds. Since the time travel did not occur, the prevention of the boy's death could not have occurred either which means Jake did, in fact, die and further along the strip he is again found in Roland's time.

Even though the Mobius band may prove to be quite a confusing solution to the grandfather paradox, it does in a way solve it by assuming that events contained within the Mobius Time Loop which could, in the case of The Dark Tower, be considered a loop within an even greater loop are taking place on both 'sides' of the strip and can even be observed separately as two parallel universes splitting at the time travel trip, both containing one of the two different possibilities e.

The Dark Tower

The character may or may not be aware of their being stuck in a time loop, but whichever the case might be, their main goal almost always is to find a way to leave the time loop and return to their original linear timeline.

The Groundhog Day has since become somewhat of a pop-culture epitome of temporal recurrences and it has become acceptable to refer to any kind of similar situation as another Groundhog Day type occurrence.

However, a Groundhog Day like time loop does not necessarily need to consist of just one recurring day, but can, in fact, be occurring on a much larger scale and be comprised of recurrent years, centuries and even millenniums. It is neither clear how long exactly has the gunslinger been stuck in a time loop, nor is it stated why exactly the loop occurred.

Nevertheless, the situation the protagonist of The Dark Tower novels has found himself in raises a series of interesting questions regarding the nature of time and the issues that may result from an event creating a series of other events resulting in yet another event that ultimately proves to be the cause of the initial one also known as the bootstrap paradox.

The spin of ka always brings us back to the same place, to face and reface our mistakes and defeats until we can learn from them. When we learn from the past, the wheel continues to move forward, towards growth and evolution.

Tower the vii pdf dark

If once more we squander the opportunity, the wheel continues its rotation towards devolution, or destruction. More precisely, it is not only the case that the beginning and the end are less easily distinguished as it would be the case if time happened to be a straight line , but the perception of such concepts changes to such extent that the distinction between the two becomes completely obsolete.

As it is at times understood in Judaism, the concept of circular time treats the beginnings and the endings as one and the same, with no past, present or future. Instead, time is composed of a chain of events influenced by one another and bound to repeat infinitely thus forming an infinite chain of occurrences moving in a circular motion. A Jewish look at before and after…and before.

In the world of Roland Deschain it is widely believed that all an individual does is determined by Ka, as well as are all the events set into motion following their actions. As it can be seen from the beginning of the first novel and the last sentence of the seventh, Ka is, much like the Jewish conception of cyclical time, a wheel that turns endlessly.

Under the influence of Ka, time moves perpetually between the beginning and the end which are both contained within the same event thus forming a loop in which the gunslinger in caught. With each new turn of the wheel, he is given a chance to change the events of the previous turn except for the final outcome which may ultimately cause him to break out of the temporal loop here, King is possibly drawing upon the idea of the Indian Samsara.

The aforementioned occurrence a hypothetical situation in which event C would lead to A is also known under the name of backwards causation. Causation usually tends to be a forward moving process, with the cause always necessarily preceding the effect. A deviation from this pattern a cause leading to the effect , although physically impossible, is all but inconceivable.

By travelling back to the past one might inadvertently set into motion a chain of events which would ultimately cause the event that would cause them to travel back into the past and inadvertently set into motion the very same chain of events that would ultimately cause them to travel back in time and so on and so forth. As it can be noted from the aforementioned, such manner of causation would undoubtedly leave one trapped in an infinite loop in which the above mentioned event A has no clear origin whatsoever.

And occurred it has. Before they became husband and wife, the two not only lived in different parts of New York, but lived during completely different times. It is possible to argue that it is even possible for it to have caused a bootstrap paradox. If this is the case, the very existence of the three characters mentioned above is put into question since A Eddie, Roland and Susannah now seem to lose their points of origin.

Under the assumption that their worlds are just three out of an infinite number of parallel universes containing all the fathomable outcomes it is possible to argue that by time travelling they have also been transferred to a different universe while continuing to exist without ever time travelling in another.

Even though there is no sufficient enough solution to the paradox, the idea of multiple parallel universes does at least seem to offer a satisfactory solution to the bootstrap paradox present in the novel series.

The series spans over the whooping pages filled with detailed descriptions of the journey to the Tower and all the characters involved in it. I have, therefore decided to focus only on temporality as depicted in the novels with a special focus on the temporal paradoxes caused by ill-advised time travel.

I sincerely hope that I have managed to shed some light on the issue and introduce the readers of my work to two of the paradoxes most prominently featured throughout the entire novel series and also provide a satisfying suggestions of the possible solutions to the aforementioned problems.

2004 The Dark Tower VII The Dark Tower

The Dark Tower is most definitely an extensive read and, most importantly, is and will always be open to different interpretations. David, Peter, and Robin Furth.

The Dark Tower. New York: Marvel Comics :, Edwards, Anthony. Faye, Jan. Stanford University, 27 Aug. Furth, Robin. New York: Scribner, Horowich, Paul. Asymetries in Time: Problems in the Philosophy of Science. Jones, Andrew. King, Stephen. The Gunslinger. London: New English Library, The Drawing of the Three. New York: New American Library, New York: Plume, King, Stephen, and Dave McKean.

Wizard and Glass.